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Welfare Goes Global

Making Progress and Catching Up
Richard Rose(Autor*in)
Oxford University Press
Erschienen am 9. Januar 2024
272 Seiten
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978-0-19-890848-7 (ISBN)
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This innovative book shows that the health, education, and employment of billions of people have been improving on every continent in the past three decades. The globalization of welfare has had the biggest impact in developing countries, where more than five-sixths of the world's population lives. In Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East there has been great progress in eradicating infant mortality and illiteracy, people are living longer, and more young people are able to obtain a secondary education. These achievements are the product of a welfare mix combining resources of the household, the market, and the state. Given low starting points, only a minority of developing countries have already caught up with the high standards of welfare in Europe, the United States and Canada, and the Asia Pacific region. Slow but steady rates of progress show that people in a majority of developing countries can expect to catch up with the high, fixed standards of welfare in the next three decades. This will happen sooner in China and later in India, because China has been unusually successful in using its resources to promote welfare while India has been below the global average. These conclusions are based on Richard Rose's systematic analysis of the Global Welfare Database, which combines official and unofficial data covering 95 per cent of the world's population. The success of highly developed countries raises questions about how much is enough welfare. At what age will young people learn more by leaving classrooms and becoming employees? Is length of life or quality of life more important for older people? Should unpaid work caring for children and older family members have the same value as working and paying taxes in the official economy?
Richard Rose is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Strathclyde and a Visiting Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence and the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin. He is internationally known for pioneering research in comparative public policy, applying political science, sociology, social policy, and applied economics concepts to major problems facing policymakers and citizens on every continent. He has been a consultant for UN agencies, the World Bank, the OECD, and Transparency International, and he holds honorary doctorates and lifetime achievement awards from institutions in Europe, the United States, and the International Public Policy Association.
  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Introduction: Welfare Important Everywhere
  • 1 Making Progress Globally
  • 1.1 The welfare of individuals
  • 1.2 Making progress nationally
  • 1.3 Globalization is about catching up
  • 1.4 The Global Welfare Database
  • 2 The Welfare Mix
  • 2.1 Modelling the welfare mix
  • 2.2 Evolution of the welfare mix
  • 2.3 Politics shapes the welfare mix
  • 2.4 Aspirations global but resources national
  • 3 Welfare about More than Money
  • 3.1 Money as an input to the welfare mix
  • 3.2 Soft spots in hard numbers
  • 3.3 Unofficial economies add to the welfare mix
  • 3.4 What social indicators add
  • 4 The Development of Welfare
  • 4.1 Multiple resources for development
  • 4.2 A Global Index of Development
  • 4.3 Accounting for global differences in welfare
  • 5 Health: Living Longer and Avoiding Death
  • 5.1 Life expectancy increasing
  • 5.2 Infant mortality decreasing
  • 5.3 Lifestyles and avoidable deaths
  • 5.4 The globalization of health
  • 6 Education: Quantity and Quality
  • 6.1 Literacy goes global
  • 6.2 More education
  • 6.3 More learning
  • 6.4 The globalization of education
  • 7 Work for Women
  • 7.1 Employment and gender
  • 7.2 Accounting for gender inequality
  • 7.3 Rethinking what work is
  • 7.4 Uneven globalization of gender equality
  • 8 Countries Going Global
  • 8.1 Many countries making progress
  • 8.2 Some countries catching up
  • 8.3 Accounting for national differences
  • 8.4 Outlier countries
  • 9 People Going Global
  • 9.1 World population skewed
  • 9.2 Welfare of the world's population
  • 9.3 How population growth impacts global welfare
  • 9.4 Where most people without welfare live
  • 10 Unfinished Business
  • 10.1 Catching up sooner or later
  • 10.2 Most but not all people at global standards by 2050
  • 10.3 Redefining welfare goals
  • 10.4 Global challenges to global welfare
  • Appendix: The Global Welfare Database
  • Index

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