Reader in Comedy

An Anthology of Theory and Criticism
 
 
Methuen Drama (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 17. November 2016
  • |
  • 392 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4742-4790-0 (ISBN)
 
This unique anthology presents a selection of over seventy of the most important historical essays on comedy, ranging from antiquity to the present, divided into historical periods and arranged chronologically. Across its span it traces the development of comic theory, highlighting the relationships between comedy, politics, economics, philosophy, religion, and other arts and genres. Students of literature and theatre will find this collection an invaluable and accessible guide to writing from Plato and Aristotle through to the twenty-first century, in which special attention has been paid to writings since the start of the twentieth century.

Reader in Comedy is arranged in five sections, each featuring an introduction providing concise and informed historical and theoretical frameworks for the texts from the period:
* Antiquity and the Middle Ages
* The Renaissance
* Restoration to Romanticism
* The Industrial Age
* The Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Centuries

Among the many authors included are: Plato, Aristotle, Horace, Donatus, Dante Alighieri, Erasmus, Trissino, Sir Thomas Elyot, Thomas Wilson, Sir Philip Sidney, Ben Jonson, Battista Guarini, Molière, William Congreve, John Dryden, Henry Fielding, Samuel Johnson, Oliver Goldsmith, Jean Paul Richter, William Hazlitt, Charles Lamb, Søren Kierkegaard, Charles Baudelaire, Bernard Shaw, Mark Twain, Henri Bergson, Constance Rourke, Northrop Frye, Jacques Derrida, Mikhail Bakhtin, Georges Bataille, Simon Critchley and Michael North.

As the selection demonstrates, from Plato and Aristotle to Henri Bergson and Sigmund Freud, comedy has attracted the attention of serious thinkers. Bringing together diverse theories of comedy from across the ages, the Reader reveals that, far from being peripheral, comedy speaks to the most pragmatic aspects of human life.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Bloomsbury Publishing PLC
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 0,73 MB
978-1-4742-4790-0 (9781474247900)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Magda Romanska is Associate Professor of Theatre Studies and Dramaturgy at Emerson College, USA, and Visiting Associate Professor of Dramaturgy and Dramatic Criticism at Yale School of Drama.
Alan Ackerman is Professor of English at the University of Toronto, Canada, where he also holds a joint-appointment in the Centre for Drama, Theatre, and Performance Studies. He is the editor of Arthur Miller's Broken Glass (Bloomsbury Methuen Drama, 2011) and since 2005 has served as Editor of the journal Modern Drama.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
GENERAL INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1: ANTIQUITY AND THE MIDDLE AGES
INTRODUCTION
TEXTS
Ancient Views of Comedy
1) Plato, Philebus ("The Basis of comedy is malice")

2) Aristotle on the Origins and Function of Comedy
a. Poetics
b. "On the qualities of character that are moderate" from Nicomachean Ethics
c. Tractatus Coislinianus

3) Horace, "Remarks on Comedy" from Epistles, Satires

4) Quintilian, Institutio oratoria (A.D. 95)

Medieval Views of Comedy
5) Evanthius, On Drama (ca. A.D. 350)

6) Donatus, On Comedy (ca. A.D. 350)

7) Hrotsvita of Gandersheim, Prologue to the comedies (ca. A.D. 935-972)

8) Dante Alighieri, De vulgari eloquentia (On Eloquence in the vernacular) (1302-1305)

9) Definitions of Comedy (John of Garland, Dante, John Lydgate)

10) Attitudes to the Comic Theater (John of Salisbury, Honorius of Autun, Liuprand of Cremona)

CHAPTER 2: THE RENAISSANCE
INTRODUCTION
TEXTS
1) Erasmus, Collected Works of Erasmus (1512)

2) Gian Giorgio Trissino, "Division VI: Comedy", Poetica (1529)

3) Sir Thomas Elyot, , "XII: The Second and third decay of leaning" The Governor The boke named the gouernour / deuised by Thomas Elyot knight(1531)

4) Nicholas Udall, Prologue to Ralph Roster Doister (1538)

5) Thomas Wilson, "Of Delighting the Hearers and Stirring Them to Laughter" fromThe Arte of Rhetorique (1560)

6) George Gascoigne, Prologue to The Glasse of Governement (1575)

7) Stephen Gosson, The School of Abuse: containing a pleasant invective against poets, pipers, players, jesters, etc (1579)

8) Sir Philip Sidney, "Comedy," "Tragicomedy," The Nature of Laughter" from The Defence of Poesie (1595)

9) Ben Jonson, Every Man Out of his Humour (1599)

10) Battista Guarini, Compendium of Tragicomic Poetry (1601)

CHAPTER 3: RESTORATION TO ROMANTICISM
INTRODUCTION
TEXTS
1) Samuel Butler, Characters and Passages from Notebooks (ca. 1650)

2) Molière, Preface to Tartuffe (1667)

3) William Congreve, Dedication to The Double-Dealer (1693)

4) John Dryden, Of Dramatick Poesie, an Essay(1668)

5) Aphra Behn "Epistle to the Reader", from The Dutch Lover (1673)

6) John Dryden, "A Discourse Concerning the Original and Progress of Satire" (1693)

7) Jeremy Collier, A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage (1698)

8) Anthony Ashley Cooper, Third Earl of Shaftesbury, "The Freedom of Wit and Humour" from Sensus communis: An essay on the freedom of wit and humour (1709)

9) Richard Blackmore, Essay upon Wit(1716)

10) Henry Fielding, selections from the Preface to Joseph Andrews (1742)

11) Samuel Johnson, "The Difficulty of Defining Comedy", The Rambler (1751)

12) Oliver Goldsmith, "A Comparison between Laughing and Sentimental Comedy" (1773)

13) Immanuel Kant, "Comparison of the Aesthetic Value of the Various Fine Arts" from Critique of Judgment,

14) Jean Paul Richter, "On the Ridiculous" (1804)

15) William Hazlitt, "On Wit and Humour" (1819)

16) Charles Lamb, "On the Artificial Comedy of the Last Century" (1822)

CHAPTER 4: THE INDUSTRIAL AGE
INTRODUCTION
TEXTS
1) Søren Kierkegaard, "The reality of suffering (humor)"; "Humor as an incognito for religiosity"; "Humor - The religiosity of hidden inwardness" from Concluding Unscientific Postscript (1846)

2) W. M. Thackeray, The English Humourists of the Eighteenth Century (1853)

3) Charles Baudelaire, "On the Essence of Laughter" (1855)

4) George Meredith, An Essay on Comedy and the Uses of the Comic Spirit (1897)

5) George Bernard Shaw, "Meredith on Comedy" (1897)

6) Mark Twain, "How to Tell a Story" (1897)

7) Henri Bergson, "Laughter" (1901)

8) Sigmund Freud, "Wit and the Various Forms of the Comic" (1905)

CHAPTER 5: THE TWENTIETH CENTURY AND EARLY-TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
INTRODUCTION
TEXTS
1) Luigi Pirandello, On Humor (1908, 1920)

2) Virginia Woolf, "Pure English" (1920)

3) Constance Rourke, American Humor: A Study of the National Character (1931)

4) Kenneth Burke, "Comic Correctives" from Attitudes Toward History (1937)

5) Susanne Langer, "The Comic Rhythm" from Feeling and Form (1953)

6) Georges Bataille, "Un-Knowing: Laughter and Tears" (1953)

7) Northrop Frye "Comic Fictional Modes" from Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays (1965)

8) Jacques Derrida, "From Restricted to General Economy: A Hegelianism without Reserve" from Writing and Difference (1967)

9) Mikhail Bakhtin, "Rabelais in the History of Laughter" from Rabelais and His World (1965)

10) René Girard, "Perilous Balance: a Comic Hypothesis" (1972)

11) Gerald Mast, "Comic Films-Categories and Definitions" from The Comic Mind: Comedy and the Movies (1973)

12) Stanley Cavell, Pursuits of Happiness: The Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage (1981)

13) Mahadev L. Apte, "Sexual Inequality in Humor" from Humor and Laughter: An Anthropological Approach (1984)

14) Linda Hutcheon, A Theory of Parody (1985)

15) Henry Jenkins, "Agee, Mast, and the Classical Tradition" and "Early Sound Comedy and the Vaudeville Aesthetic" from What Made Pistachio Nuts?: Early Sound Comedy and the Vaudeville Aesthetic (1992)

16) Simon Critchley, On Humour (2002)

17) Glenda R. Carpio, Black Humor in the Fictions of Slavery (2008)

18) Michael North, Machine-Age Comedy (2009)

19) Ruth Wisse, No Joke: Making Jewish Humor (2013)

20) Magda Romanska, "Disability in Tragic and Comic Frame" (2015)

PERMISSIONS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
INDEX

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