John Locke was one of the first shareholders of the Bank of England and participated in parliamentary debates surrounding its creation. He had a key role in the monetary reform of 1696. This book examines Locke's thought in relation to credit, banking regulation, the monetary and financial system, the gold standard and the principles of Natural Right. It also establishes a link between Locke's economic and financial ideas and his political philosophy.
John Locke and the Bank of England will be of interest to advanced students and researchers of central banking, financial history, the history of economic thought and political economy.
Claude Roche is special advisor to the President Rector of the Catholic University of Lille. He began his career as a management consultant, specialising in the area of collective intelligence. In 2010, he joined the Catholic University and resumed his PhD thesis work, devoting himself to Locke's economic thought.
Introduction; 1 The problem of thought posed by the creation of the Bank of England; 2 The theory of interest and the Natural Right; 3 From savings to financial regulation; 4 Excursus: from the credit function to the institution of money; 5 Money, pledge and Natural Right; 6 The par value and the monetary and financial system; Conclusion: the first step towards democracy