Time Will Tell

A Theory of Dynamic Attending
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 19. November 2018
  • |
  • 377 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-061822-3 (ISBN)
Attention is a central concept in psychology. The term 'attention' itself has persisted, even though it implies a static, insulated capacity that we use when it is necessary to focus upon some relevant or stimulating event. Riess Jones presents a different way of thinking about attention; one that describes it as a continuous activity that is based on energy fluctuating in time. A majority of attention research fails to examine influence of event time structure (i.e., a speech utterance) on listeners' moment-to-moment attending. General research ignores listeners endowed with innate, as well as acquired, temporal biases. Here, attending is portrayed as a dynamic interaction of an individual within his or her surroundings. Importantly, this interaction involves synchronicity between an attender and external events. This emphasis on time and synchronicity distinguishes the author's theory, called Dynamic Attending Theory (DAT), from other approaches to attending which characterize attention metaphorically as a filter, resource pool, spotlight, and so on. Recent research from neuroscience has lent support to Riess Jones' theory, and the goal of this book is to bring this new research as well as her own to the wide audience of psychologists interested in attention more broadly.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 20,71 MB
978-0-19-061822-3 (9780190618223)
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Professor Jones received a B.A. from the University of California, Riverside, and her PhD from the University of Massachusetts before moving to Ohio where she was hired as a visiting Assistant Professor in the Psychology Department of the Ohio State University. In 1971 she gained a permanent position in this department, and spent the rest of her career at this university. After 38 years, she retired in 2006 to write this book.
Table of Contents Chapter 1: Overview Part I: Theoretical Framework Chapter 2: Time... and how we study it Chapter 3: The Tunable Brain Chapter 4: Tuning into world events: A General Attending Hypothesis Chapter 5: The temporal niche: An Aging Hypothesis Chapter 6: Tuning into very fast events: Pitch perception Chapter 7: Tuning into Slow events Chapter 8: Parallelism: Expectancy and production profiles Part II Applications of Theoretic constructs: To domains of music and speech Chapter 9: Meter and rhythm: How we hear them Chapter 10: Learning time patterns Chapter 11: Musical Melodies Chapter 12: Speech Timing Chapter 13: Melodies of Speech Chapter 14: Learning speech: From phonemes to syllables to words Chapter 15: Concluding Speculations

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