Phonetic Causes of Sound Change

The Palatalization and Assibilation of Obstruents
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 13. August 2020
  • |
  • 240 Seiten
 
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978-0-19-258363-5 (ISBN)
 
This book provides an integrated account of the phonetic causes of the diachronic processes of palatalization and assibilation of velar and labial stops and labiodental fricatives, as well as the palatalization and affrication of dentoalveolar stops. While previous studies have been concerned with the typology of sound inventories and of the processes of palatalization and assibilation, this volume not only deals with the typological patterns but also outlines the articulatory and acoustic causes of these sound changes. In his articulation-based account, Daniel Recasens argues that the affricate and fricative outcomes of these changes developed via an intermediate stage, namely an (alveolo)palatal stop with varying degrees of closure fronting. Particular emphasis is placed on the one-to-many relationship between the input and output consonant realizations, on the acoustic cues that contribute to the implementation of these sound changes, and on the contextual, positional, and prosodic conditions that most favour their development. The analysis is based on extensive data from a wide range of language families, including Romance, Bantu, Slavic, and Germanic, and draws on a variety of sources, such as linguistic atlases, articulatory and acoustic studies, and phoneme identification tests.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • Großbritannien
  • 2,26 MB
978-0-19-258363-5 (9780192583635)
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Daniel Recasens is Full Professor of Catalan Philology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Director of the Phonetics Laboratory at the Institut d'Estudis Catalans. His research interests include the interarticulatory mechanisms in speech production, the phonetic causes of sound change, and the phonetics-phonology interface. He is currently Associate Editor of Phonetica and a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of the International Phonetic Association, and has served as Chair of the 15th International Congress of the Phonetic Sciences (2003) and as Vice-President of the International Phonetic Association (2007-2011). His books include oarticulation and Sound Change in Romance (Benjamins, 2014) and The Production of Consonant Clusters (De Gruyter, 2018) and his work has appeared in journals such as Journal of Phonetics and Phonetica and in edited volumes from OUP, Benjamins, and De Gruyter.
  • Cover
  • Phonetic Causes of Sound Change: The Palatalization and Assibilation of Obstruents
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Series preface
  • Preface
  • List of figures
  • List of tables
  • List of abbreviations
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 The phonetic causes of sound change
  • 1.2 The reconstruction of the sound-change pathway
  • 1.3 Implications for models of sound change in historical linguistics
  • 1.4 Phonologization
  • 1.5 Formal aspects
  • 2 Velar softening
  • 2.1 Velar stop production
  • 2.2 Proposed interpretations of velar softening
  • 3 Velar palatalization
  • 3.1 General conditions on velar palatalization
  • 3.1.1 Palatal stop phoneme
  • 3.1.2 Palatalized velar stop
  • 3.1.3 Palatalization before front vocalic segments
  • 3.1.3.1 Non-Romance languages
  • 3.1.3.2 Romance languages (third velar palatalization process)
  • 3.1.3.3 Summary
  • 3.1.4 Palatalization before a low vowel
  • 3.1.4.1 Non-Romance languages
  • 3.1.4.2 Romance languages
  • 3.1.5 Progressive and word-final palatalization
  • 3.1.5.1 Word-internal position
  • 3.1.5.2 Word-final position
  • 3.2 Closure fronting differences for (alveolo)palatal stop consonants
  • 3.2.1 Frequency of occurrence of (alveolo)palatal stop types
  • 3.2.2 Factors impinging on (alveolo)palatal stop closure location and variability
  • 3.3 Exchanges between /t/ and /k/
  • 3.3.1 /k/ & /t/ and /t/ & /k/
  • 3.3.2 Dentoalveolar stop palatalization
  • 3.3.3 Dialects with double palatalization
  • 3.4 Velar palatalization and strengthening
  • 3.4.1 Vowel context
  • 3.4.1.1 The Old French case
  • 3.4.1.2 Velar palatalization before /a/ (French dialects, Francoprovençal, Occitan)
  • 3.4.1.3 Velar palatalization before /a/ (Raetoromance, N. Italy)
  • 3.4.1.4 Articulatory motivation and back to Old French
  • 3.4.2 Consonantal context
  • 3.4.3 Word-/utterance-initial and word-medial positions
  • 3.4.3.1 French
  • 3.4.3.2 Romansh
  • 3.4.3.3 N. Italy, Francoprovençal
  • 3.4.3.4 Ladin, Friulian, N. Italy
  • 3.4.3.5 Recapitulation
  • 3.4.4 Word-/utterance-final position
  • 3.4.5 Stress, syllable type, and consonant voicing
  • 3.5 General summary
  • 4 Velar assibilation
  • 4.1 From palatal stop to affricate
  • 4.2 Affrication as an intrinsic characteristic of (alveolo)palatal stops
  • 4.2.1 Non-Romance languages
  • 4.2.2 Romance languages
  • 4.3 Palatoalveolar outcome
  • 4.3.1 Palatal and palatalized velar stop phonemes
  • 4.3.2 Assibilation before front vocalic segments
  • 4.3.2.1 Non-Romance languages
  • 4.3.2.2 Romance languages
  • 4.3.3 Assibilation before a low vowel
  • 4.3.4 Progressive and word-final assibilation
  • 4.3.5 Summary
  • 4.4 Alveolar outcome
  • 4.4.1 Front velar and (alveolo)palatal sources
  • 4.4.1.1 Bantu (front velar origin)
  • 4.4.1.2 Bantu (palatal origin)
  • 4.4.1.3 Ancient and Modern Greek
  • 4.4.1.4 Slavic, Balto-Slavic
  • 4.4.1.5 Old Frisian
  • 4.4.1.6 Albanian, Armenian
  • 4.4.1.7 Semitic
  • 4.4.1.8 Indo-Aryan, Romani, Mongolic
  • 4.4.1.9 Korean, Chinese, Vietnamese
  • 4.4.1.10 Indigenous American
  • 4.4.1.11 Romance
  • 4.4.2 Low vowel context
  • 4.5 Phonetic motivation and factors triggering velar assibilation
  • 4.5.1 Acoustic characteristics
  • 4.5.1.1 Burst frequency
  • 4.5.1.2 Burst prominence
  • 4.5.1.3 Vowel transitions
  • 4.5.2 Position
  • 4.5.3 Stress
  • 4.5.4 Other aspects and proposals
  • 4.6 /t/ and /k/ affrication compared
  • 4.6.1 Non-Romance languages
  • 4.6.1.1 Dental and alveolar outcomes
  • 4.6.1.2 Palatoalveolar and alveolopalatal outcomes
  • 4.6.2 Romance languages
  • 4.7 Base of articulation
  • 4.7.1 Velars and /j/
  • 4.7.2 Velars and dentals
  • 4.7.3 Labials
  • 4.8 General summary
  • 5 Labial softening
  • 5.1 Absence of vocalic hardening
  • 5.2 Stop sequences
  • 5.2.1 Occlusivization and assibilation
  • 5.2.1.1 Stop formation
  • 5.2.1.2 Affrication
  • 5.2.1.2.1 Palatoalveolar outcome
  • 5.2.1.2.2 Alveolar outcome
  • 5.2.2 Fricativization
  • 5.2.3 The Bantu languages
  • 5.3 Fricative sequences
  • 5.3.1 Occlusivization
  • 5.3.2 Fricativization
  • 5.3.3 The Bantu languages
  • 5.4 Base of articulation
  • 5.5 Nasal sequences
  • 5.6 Summary
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index of language families, languages and dialects
  • General index

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