The Politics of Political Science

Re-Writing Latin American Experiences
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 11. Februar 2019
  • |
  • 292 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-351-11053-2 (ISBN)
 

In this thought-provoking book, Paulo Ravecca presents a series of interlocking studies on the politics of political science in the Americas.

Focusing mainly on the cases of Chile and Uruguay, Ravecca employs different strands of critical theory to challenge the mainstream narrative about the development of the discipline in the region, emphasizing its ideological aspects and demonstrating how the discipline itself has been shaped by power relations. Ravecca metaphorically charts the (non-linear) transit from "cold" to "warm" to "hot" intellectual temperatures to illustrate his-alternative-narrative. Beginning with a detailed quantitative study of three regional academic journals, moving to the analysis of the role of subjectivity (and political trauma) in academia and its discourse in relation to the dictatorships in Chile and Uruguay, and arriving finally at an intimate meditation on the experience of being a queer scholar in the Latin American academy of the 21st century, Ravecca guides his readers through differing explorations, languages, and methods.

The Politics of Political Science: Re-Writing Latin American Experiences offers an essential reflection on both the relationship between knowledges and politics and the political and ethical role of the scholar today, demonstrating how the study of the politics of knowledge deepens our understanding of the politics of our times.

Paulo Ravecca is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the Universidad de la República, Uruguay, where he researches epistemology and the history of political science; critical theories (queer, neo-marxist, postcolonial, and poststructural approaches); political economy and international relations; and gender and sexuality. He is an associate editor of the Journal of Narrative Politics and Crítica Contemporánea. Revista de Teoría Política. He holds a PhD in Political Science from York University.

Introduction: The Politics of Political Science in Latin America





Outline of the Book





Works Cited





Notes


Chapter 1 - Power, Knowledge, and Complex Relationality: Theory and Method





PPS' Strategy for (Disciplinary) Self-Reflection





Methods





Works Cited





Notes


Chapter 2 - When Political Science was Authoritarian: Chile 1979-1989 (COLD)





Institutionalized Transition: Towards a Protected Democracy





RCP, or the Meaning of Silence





A Re-Founding Trilogy: Protected Democracy, Market Economy, and Private Property





Saving the West: Culture, Christianity, and Internationalization





Academic Training, Law, Meaning(s), Terror





Conclusion: The Banality of Institutionalization





Works Cited





Notes








Chapter 3 - From Revolution to Transition: The Making of a Conformist Academia in Uruguay and Beyond (?) (WARM)


Framing the Uruguayan Case: Historical Overview or the Politics of Timing





Dictatorship, Transition, and Trauma


Rethinking Epic Narrative(s): Private Research Centers During the Dictatorship - Resistance...Through Neo-liberalization?





The Limits of Pluralism: Identity-Building, Epistemological Policing, and the Shadows of Marx





Appropriating Carlos Real de Azua: Teleology and Destiny





Narrative Power(s): Storytelling and the Delineation of the Disciplinary Self





Objectivity and Romance: Uruguayan Political Science and Liberal Democracy





The Limits of Conformism? State-Centrism and the Containment of Market Utopias (with a Note on Secularism)





Concluding Remarks: Complex Relationality and Liberal Unthinking





Works Cited





Notes








Chapter 4 - Doing Research, from Fortress to Intimacy (HOT)





Looking for a Perspective





Whose Dictatorship(s)?





PS' Positivist Masculinity and Straightness





Love for PS and its Complicated Temporalities and Geographies





PS for PS





Horror in the Body of Thought: Undoing Harm





Works Cited





Notes








Chapter 5 - The Temperatures of Thinking and Politics: An Assemblage of Critical Theories and a Problematizing Re-Inscription of Political Science


Liberal Unthinking and the Epistemological Desaparecidos of 1990s Latin America





Chile and Uruguay: Traces of a Comparative Politics of Political Science





Complex Relationality at Work: A Radical Alternative to Mainstream Tales





Whose Theory? Sustaining Thinking, Protecting (Self-) Reflection





Works Cited





Notes











"I confess, I've given too little thought to how each countries' politics have shaped what we think of - and what we DO in - political science. By taking me on this fascinating journey into the politics of political science of Chile and Uruguay, Paulo Ravecca has made me acutely aware of the distinctive politics of our field in every country - including my own!"- Cynthia Enloe, author of The Big Push: Exploring and Challenging the Persistencies of Patriarchy





"The study of power is itself a political enterprise. But rarely have the tools of critical theory been deployed on political science itself. This is what makes The Politics of Political Science such a bold, timely and important work. Paulo Ravecca lays bare the power relations at work in the very formation of political science in the Americas. And he is daring enough to offer a critical ethnography of his own formation as a political scientist. The result is a stunningly original achievement. Not only does Ravecca tell us something profoundly new about one of the most established disciplines in the social sciences - he also lets us see power relations themselves in ways we never before saw them. This is a truly important book."- David McNally, Cullen Distinguished Professor of History, University of Houston


"Very moving and a masterpiece."- Terrell Carver, Professor of Political Theory, University of Bristol


"Al concluir el inspirador trabajo de Paulo Ravecca, me asalta a la memoria aquel pasaje con el que Marx da comienzo a El 18 Brumario de Luis Bonaparte: "Hegel dice en alguna parte que todos los grandes hechos y personajes de la historia universal aparecen, como si dijeramos, dos veces. Pero se olvido de agregar: una vez como tragedia y la otra como farsa" (2003, p. 10). La farsa que la historia reproduce no deja de ser una tragedia invertida, grotesca, ridicula, pero no por esto menos dolorosa. Mientras escribo estas notas, el Ministro de Educacion del gobierno de Bolsonaro, en Brasil, declara que se propone una desinversion en las secciones de Filosofia y Sociologia de las universidades publicas del pais, primer paso para la demolicion del pensamiento critico y las libertades fundamentales y necesarias para que una democracia pueda tener lugar. Ravecca nos ha mostrado como no existe una unica via para la destruccion de los cimientos de nuestras convivencias y como esas desviaciones dejan sus huellas cicatrizadas en los cuerpos y en los imaginarios colectivos. Es nuestra tarea conjurar las farsas, destrozar los espejos concavos que reproducen esperpentos, desenmascarar la tragedia del presente para que no cobren vida, nuevamente, los fantasmas del pasado."-David Cardozo Santiago, Las Torres de Lucca, International Journal of Political Philosophy


"Un libro que desde el rigor y el conocimiento canonico apertura vias que se convierten en inexorables para los tiempos que corren." - Manuel Alcantara Saez, Universidad de Salamanca


"... para aprender de la gran valia de este libro no se necesita estar de acuerdo con muchas de las conclusiones de su abordaje. Por muchas claves, el trabajo de Paulo Ravecca debe ser bienvenido. Sin duda que nos revela a un investigador poderoso, original, valiente, portador de miradas y talentos que sin duda mucho aportaran a las ciencias sociales del continente y del mundo." - Gerardo Caetano, University of the Republic, Uruguay
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