This book serves as essential reading for research scientists and biotechnologists from both academia and industry working in marine biotechnology and related disciplines. The book discusses recent advances and challenges in terms of science, technology, innovation, and policy for the development of the field; and how marine biotechnology may provide new solutions to some of the grand challenges faced by our society. Written in an accessible language, the book is also recommended as a reference text for decision-makers in government and non-governmental organizations in their efforts to foster the development of a global blue economy.
With less than 5 % of the vast and rich marine environment explored, our seas and oceans represent a virtually unexplored resource for the discovery of novel product, processes, and development of bio-inspired synthetic drugs with biotechnological potential. As such, the marine environment has been considered Earth's last frontier of exploration. Recent advances in molecular techniques are providing the necessary tools to access on a larger scale the still-untapped ocean resources and, consequently, unveil the promise of the blue biotechnology. Governments are recognizing the potential of marine biotechnology to provide solutions to some of the Grand Challenges of the 21st Century such as sustainable energy and food sources, identification of novel drugs for improved health treatments, and providing new industrial materials and processes. For this reason, advances in marine biotechnology may foster the much-needed source of innovation and economic growth in many countries, and pave the way towards the development of a global blue economy, i.e. a new economic model based on the sustainable exploration of our ocean ecosystems.
Pabulo Henrique Rampelotto is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of the Springer Book Series "Grand Challenges in Biology and Biotechnology". He is also Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editor, Senior Editor, Guest Editor and member of the editorial board of several scientific journals on the field of Life Sciences and Biotechnology. Furthermore, Pabulo is member of four Scientific Advisory Boards of Lifeboat Foundation, alongside several Nobel Laureates and other distinguished scientists, philosophers, educators, engineers and economists. Most of his recent work has been dedicated to the editorial process of several scientific journals in life science and biotechnology, as well as on the organization of special issues and books in his fields of expertise. In his special issues and books, some of the most distinguished team leaders in the field have published their work, ideas and findings, including Nobel Laureates and several of the highly cited scientists according to the ISI Institute.
Antonio Trincone is author of more than 140 scientific publications (articles, reviews, book contributions) appeared in international leading scientific journals. Currently he is a Senior Researcher working since 1983 in Naples at the Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare belonging to Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy. He has been Professor of Organic Chemistry in charge for several years at University of Salerno, Italy. Antonio has been the editor of different scientific books and special issues dedicated to marine biotechnology. He is Specialty Chief Editor of Marine Biotechnology (Frontiers in Marine Science), editing different research topics for this journal.
Section 1: The Promise of Marine BiotechnologyContains general chapters collected from authorities in the different fields, aimed at seeing marine biotechnology projected in the 21th century, compiled with a foresight perspective in mind. Capital topics are mentioned such as Health, Food, Energy and Environment as launching ramps of the science for the next section.
Section 2: Latest Developments in Marine Biotechnology ResearchContains chapters from author's current research topics, organized in sub-sections each corresponding to the Capital topics of the previous part containing one or more chapters on current science in marine biotechnology field. These texts are intended to report about advances and challenges directly from the labs around the world framing the results in the wide context of marine biotechnology.
Section 3: Economic Potential of Marine Biotechnology Includes material dedicated to social/political issues by scientific society representatives, single stakeholders from firms in the field, and other specific leading experts.
Section 4: Key Tools and Technologies Dedicated to technologies such as marine -omics, metabolic engineering and other powerful hyphenated spectroscopy technologies (micro-NMR, mass spectrometry, etc.) for natural products identification in resource management and ecological monitoring.
Section 5: Grand Projects in Marine Biotechnology Discusses the projects along with other issues including intellectual property rights and other aspects connected to the third section.