This book brings the discourses around social justice and sustainable development back into focus by looking at India's mining sector and the state's frameworks for economic development. The chapters in this volume analyse mining practices in the mineral-rich areas of eastern India through various case studies and highlight their immense human and environmental costs.
This volume critically analyses selected mining projects in India that have resulted in large-scale displacements, impoverishment and environmental degradation. It identifies the gaps in policy, its implementation, and the lack of safeguards which threaten the socio-economic and ecological ways of life and the livelihoods of the local communities. Based on documents, reports, interviews and field observations, this book engages with the issues surrounding the mining sector, e.g., land acquisition, land use and degradation, the politics of compensation, policies, agitation and social mobilisation, health and agriculture, livelihood and gender. It further provides an assessment of local political economies and offers suggestive frameworks for inclusive growth in this sector.
This book will be of interest to students and researchers exploring the disciplines of development studies, sociology, law and governance, human ecology and economics.
S. Irudaya Rajan is Professor at the Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. He is Editor of the two Routledge series India Migration Report (annual) since 2010 and South Asia Migration Report (biennial) and is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Migration and Development.
Debabrata Baral is Assistant Professor at Bennett University. He has also worked in research projects funded by British Academia, DFID, ICSSR. His research aims at identifying and addressing the gaps in the idea of development and governances. His research interests are located in the fields of development studies, social movements and corporate social responsibility. He has studied various aspects of the mining sector during his doctorate and post-doctorate study at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
List of Figures. List of Tables. Notes on the Copyeditors. Preface. Acknowledgements. Introduction: Mining sector and the Idea of Development: Challenges, Policies and Possibilities S Irudaya Rajan and Debabrata Baral Part I: Development, Displacement and Dispossession: Macro Perspectives 1. When I listened to the Voices of Development Communities Sujit Kumar Mishra 2. Coal Mining induced Displacement and its impact on human development: A study on selected tribal households in Odisha Sujata Sahu and R.K. Kumbhar 3. Problems of displacement and deprivation of tribes: A study of the mining industrialization of Eastern India S.N. Tripathy 4. Land Grabbing in Tribal-Mineral Belt of Odisha: Implications for Livelihood and Environment Ramya Ranjan Patel 5. Gender and the Mining Sector: Mapping the Praxis of Women Workforce in the Mining Sector Debabrata Baral 6. Land Acquisition and Development Induced Displacement: A study of development projects in Western Odisha Narendra Kumar Behera Part II: Development Displacement and Dispossession: Selected case studies 7. In Transition: Mapping the economic and socio-cultural challenges of people in Posco-India Transit Camp Debabrata Baral 8. Impact of displacement on social life: A case study from Talcher Coalfield Suravee Nayak 9. Land Acquisition for Mining and Social Inclusion: Case of Talcher Coal Fields Saswat Kishore Mishra and Pulak Mishra 10. Development, Displacement and Resistance Movement: A Reflection on Kalinga Nagar Industrial Complex Dinabandhu Sahoo Part III: Emerging Policy gaps 11. Land Rights: The Penumbral Region in Legal Space Garima Kirti 12. The Comptroller and Auditor General reports on land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement: A review Himanshu Upadhaya. Index.