Constitutional Torts and the War on Terror

Oxford University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 21. Dezember 2016
  • |
  • 280 Seiten
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-049530-5 (ISBN)
Constitutional Torts and the War on Terror examines the judicial response to human rights claims arising from the Bush Administration's war on terror. Despite widespread agreement that the Administration's program of extraordinary rendition, prolonged detention, and "enhanced" interrogation was torture by another name, not a single federal appellate court has confirmed an award of damages to the program's victims. The silence of the federal courts leaves victims without redress and the constitutional limits on government action undefined. Many of the suits seeking redress have been based on the landmark 1971 Supreme Court decision in Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics. This book traces the history of common law accountability, the rise of Bivens claims, and the post-Bivens history of constitutional tort litigation. After evaluating the failure of Bivens litigation arising from the war on terror, the book considers and rejects the arguments that have been put forward to explain and justify judicial silence. The book provides the Supreme Court with the tools needed to rethink its Bivens jurisprudence. Rather than treating the overseas national security context as disabling, modern federal courts should take a page from the nineteenth century, presume the viability of tort litigation, and proceed to the merits. Only by doing so can the federal courts ensure redress for victims and prevent future Administrations from using torture as an instrument of official policy.
  • Englisch
  • 1,83 MB
978-0-19-049530-5 (9780190495305)
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James E. Pfander, the Owen L. Coon Professor of Law at the Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, teaches civil procedure, conflicts of law, federal jurisdiction, and constitutional law. A member of the American Law Institute, Pfander has served as chair of the procedure and jurisdiction sections of the Association of American Law Schools. His books and monographs include textbooks in procedure and jurisdiction, a forthcoming third edition of the book, Principles of Federal Jurisdiction (2017), and a book on the structure of the federal judiciary: One Supreme Court: Supremacy, Inferiority and the Judicial Power of the United States (Oxford 2009). He has published dozens of scholarly articles and essays in such journals as the Harvard Law Review, the Yale Law Journal, and the Columbia Law Review.
Acknowledgments Introduction Part I: The Common Law Origins of Government Accountability Chapter One: Government Accountability in the Nineteenth Century Chapter Two: Bivens and Government Accountability in the Twentieth Century Part II: Evaluating Human Rights Litigation in War-on-Terror Cases Chapter Three: Human Rights and War on Terror Litigation Chapter Four: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Bivens Litigation Chapter Five: Evaluating Justifications for Judicial Silence Part III: Reviving the Bivens Action Chapter Six: Congressional Ratification of the Bivens Action Chapter Seven: Applying Bivens to Conduct Overseas Chapter Eight: Overcoming Qualified Immunity Chapter Nine: Common Law Solutions to Judge-Made Problems Appendix: An Empirical Assessment of Bivens Claims / by Ross J. Corbett and James E. Pfander Table of Authorities Bibliography Index

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