Perspectives on Complex Global Challenges

Education, Energy, Healthcare, Security, and Resilience
 
 
Wiley (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 30. Juni 2016
  • |
  • 232 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-98411-6 (ISBN)
 
Examines current and prospective challenges surrounding global challenges of education, energy, healthcare, security, and resilience
This book discusses issues in large-scale systems in the United States and around the world. The authors examine the challenges of education, energy, healthcare, national security, and urban resilience. The book covers challenges in education including America's use of educational funds, standardized testing, and the use of classroom technology. On the topic of energy, this book examines debates on climate, the current and future developments of the nuclear power industry, the benefits and cost decline of natural gases, and the promise of renewable energy. The authors also discuss national security, focusing on the issues of nuclear weapons, terrorism and cyber security. Urban resilience is addressed in the context of natural threats such as hurricanes and floods.
* Studies the usage of a globalized benchmark for both student and pedagogical performance
* Covers topics such as surveillance, operational capabilities, movement of resources, and the pros and cons of globalization
* Examines big data, evolving medical methodologies and effects on the medical educational curriculum, and the positive effects of electronic records in healthcare data
Perspectives on Complex Global Challenges: Education, Energy Healthcare, Security, and Resilience serves as a reference for government officials, personnel in security, business executives and system engineers.
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Elisabeth Paté-Cornell, PhD, is the Burt and Deedee McMurtry Professor of Engineering at Stanford University in the department of Management Science and Engineering, which she chaired from its creation in 2000 to 2011. She is a past president of the Society for Risk Analysis. She served as a member of the President's (Foreign) Intelligence Advisory Board from 2001 to 2008. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of several boards including InQtel, Draper Laboratory and Aerospace Corporation.
William B. Rouse, PhD, is the Alexander Crombie Humphreys Chair of Economics in Engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology, and Director of the university-wide Center for Complex Systems and Enterprises. He is also Professor Emeritus of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Rouse is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Charles M. Vest, PhD, was president emeritus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and president emeritus of the National Academy of Engineering. A mechanical engineer, he previously was dean of engineering and provost at the University of Michigan, and was a trustee of several universities and non-profit organizations devoted to education, research, and national security.
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Introduction and Overview
  • Introduction
  • Trade-Offs, Risks, and Opportunities in Turbulent Times
  • Opportunities
  • Overview of Contribution
  • Can America Still Compete?
  • Section I: Education
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Overview of Contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 2: K-12 Education Reform in the United States
  • Great Teachers
  • High Expectations
  • Tension in the System
  • Intelligent use of Technology in the Classroom
  • Make Education Relevant for the Student
  • Chapter 3: Secure America's Economic Future by Investing in Young Children
  • References
  • Recommended Reading
  • Chapter 4: The Future of Teaching in the United States
  • References
  • Chapter 5: The Conundrum of Controlling College Costs
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Military Education
  • Section II: Energy
  • Chapter 7: Introduction
  • Energy Demand
  • The Electric Grid
  • Nuclear Power
  • Renewable Energy
  • Role of Consumers
  • Overview of Contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 8: The Future of the us Electric Grid
  • System Organization
  • Bulk Power
  • Distribution
  • Cybersecurity
  • Concluding Observations
  • Chapter 9: The Revolution in Natural Gas
  • Chapter 10: The Future of Nuclear Power in the United States
  • Chapter 11: Renewable Energy: Balancing Risk and Reward
  • Section III: Healthcare
  • Chapter 12: Introduction
  • Driving Forces
  • Complexity of Decision Making
  • Value and Healthcare Delivery
  • Overview of Contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 13: How to Move Toward Value-Based Healthcare?
  • Recommended Readings
  • Chapter 14: Delivering on the Promise to Reduce the Cost of Healthcare with Electronic Health Records
  • Recommended Readings
  • Chapter 15: Big Data in Health and Healthcare: Hopes and Fears for the Future
  • Chapter 16: Medical Education: One Size Does not Fit All
  • Section IV: Security
  • Chapter 17: Introduction
  • Emergence of Non-State Powers and Terrorist Groups
  • Resizing the us Nuclear Arsenal
  • Cybersecurity
  • Intelligence
  • Biological Weapons
  • Us Defense Budget
  • Overview of Contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Vigilance in an Evolving Terrorism Landscape
  • Chapter 19: The Market's Role in Improving Cybersecurity
  • References
  • Chapter 20: On Nuclear Weapons
  • Chapter 21: The Nuclear Security Challenge: It is International
  • Chapter 22: Nuclear Weapon Reductions Must be Part of Strategic Analysis
  • Chapter 23: Maintaining us Leadership in Science, Technology, and Innovation for National Security
  • Section V: Resilience
  • Chapter 24: Introduction
  • Framework for Urban Resilience
  • Potential Approaches
  • Overview of Contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 25: Urban Resilience: How Cities need to Adapt to Unanticipated and Sudden Change
  • References
  • Chapter 26: Buying Down Risks and Investing in Resilience
  • References
  • Chapter 27: Resilience from the Perspective of a Chief Urban Designer
  • Chapter 28: Engineering for Resilience: Ten Commandments of the Dutch Approach
  • System of Systems
  • Public Expertise
  • Crowded House
  • Co-Governance
  • Clear Direction
  • Executive Leadership
  • International Bat Strategy
  • Implementation Democracy
  • Shared Service
  • Checks and Balances
  • References
  • Conclusions
  • Index
  • End User License Agreement

Contributors


  1. Norman R. Augustine served as CEO of Lockheed Martin Corporation from 1995 to 1997, following having been CEO of the Martin Marietta Corporation from 1987 to 1995. He served as Under Secretary of the Army from 1975 to 1977. He has been Chairman of the American Red Cross and Chairman of the Defense Science Board and is a former member of the faculty of Princeton University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and former Chairman of the National Academy of Engineering.
  2. Lawrence S. Bacow served as Chancellor of MIT from 1998 to 2001, as the President of Tufts from 2001 to 2011, as a trustee of Wheaton College from 1998 to 2008, and since 2011 has been a member of the Harvard Corporation, the senior governing body of Harvard University.
  3. Craig R. Barrett served as CEO of Intel from 1998 to 2005, as well as Chairman until 2009. He is a member and former Chairman of the National Academy of Engineering. He currently serves as President and Chairman of BASIS School Inc., a charter school group.
  4. Michael Batty is Bartlett Professor of Planning at University College London where he is Chair of the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA). Before his current position, he was Professor of City Planning and Dean at the University of Wales at Cardiff and then Director of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He is a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) and the Royal Society (FRS), was awarded the CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours in 2004, and the 2013 recipient of the Lauréat Prix International de Géographie Vautrin Lud.
  5. Denis A. Cortese is Foundation Professor, Department of Biomedical Informatics and Director, Healthcare Delivery and Policy Program at Arizona State University. He is also Emeritus President and Chief Executive Officer, Mayo Clinic and a member and former chair of the National Academy of Medicine Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Healthcare, as well as the Healthcare Leadership Council.
  6. John Deutch is Emeritus Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he has served as Chairman of the Department of Chemistry, Dean of Science, and Provost. He is chair of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, and a member of the National Petroleum Council and the Hamilton Project. He served as Director of Central Intelligence from May 1995 to December 1996. From 1994 to 1995, he served as Deputy Secretary of Defense and served as Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology from 1993 to 1994. He has also served as Director of Energy Research (1977-1979), Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Technology (1979), and Undersecretary (1979-80) in the United States Department of Energy.
  7. Jacques S. Gansler is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Maryland School of Public Policy and he also is the Glenn L. Martin Institute Fellow of Engineering at the University of Maryland, School of Engineering. In addition, he is the founder and CEO of The ARGIS Group (Analytical Research for Government and Industry Solutions) and independent research and consulting firm. He served as Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics from 1997 to 2001. He was Executive Vice President and Corporate Director for TASC from 1977 to 1997. He served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Materiel Acquisition) from 1972 to 1977. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
  8. Linda Darling-Hammond is Charles E. Ducommun Professor of Education and founding Director of the Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education (SCOPE) at Stanford University. She was the founding Director of the National Commission for Teaching and America's Future, and served as chair of President Obama's education policy transition team in 2008.
  9. Siegfried S. Hecker is Professor (Research) in the department of Management Science and Engineering at Stanford University, and a Senior Fellow of the Stanford University Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) of which he was a co-director from 2007 to 2012. He was Director of Los Alamos National Laboratory from 1986 to 1997, a Los Alamos senior fellow until 2000 and co-recipient of the 2009 Enrico Fermi Award. He visited several times the Yongbyon nuclear facility in North Korea and reported its state of advancement to the US Congress in 2010. He is a member and a past councilor of the National Academy of Engineering.
  10. Michael M.E. Johns is currently Professor of Medicine and Public Health at Emory University, where he served as Chancellor from 2007 until 2012, before which he served as Executive Vice President for Health Affairs, CEO of The Robert W. Woodruff Health Sciences Center, and Chairman of the Board of Emory Healthcare. From 1990 to 1996, Dr Johns was Dean of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Vice President of the Medical Faculty. He is a Member of the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) and served as a member of the NAM Council.
  11. Henry A. Kissinger is a German-born American statesman and political scientist. He served as National Security Advisor from 1969 to 1975 and as Secretary of State from 1973 to 1977 in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, pioneering the policy of détente with the Soviet Union, orchestrating the opening of relations with the People's Republic of China, and negotiating the Paris Peace Accords, ending American involvement in the Vietnam War. He is a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  12. Michael E. Leiter was the Director of the US National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), having served in the Bush Administration and been retained in the Obama Administration. Before joining NCTC, Leiter served as the Deputy Chief of Staff for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and as the Deputy General Counsel and Assistant Director of the President's Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction. He was with the Department of Justice as an Assistant US Attorney from 2002 to 2005.
  13. Herbert Lin is Chief Scientist at the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council of the National Academies. Before his NRC service, he was a professional staff member and staff scientist for the House Armed Services Committee from 1986 to 1990, where his portfolio included defense policy and arms control issues.
  14. Elizabeth A. McGlynn is Director of Kaiser Permanente's Center for Effectiveness and Safety Research (CESR), a virtual center designed to improve the health and well-being of Kaiser's more than ten million members and the public by conducting comparative effectiveness and safety research and implementing findings in policy and practice. Dr McGlynn is an internationally known expert on methods for evaluating the appropriateness, quality, and efficiency of healthcare delivery and has led major initiatives to evaluate health reform options under consideration at the federal and state levels. She chairs the Scientific Advisory Group for the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. McGlynn is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
  15. Richard A. Meserve is the President Emeritus of the Carnegie Institution for Science and Senior Of Counsel with Covington & Burling, LLP. He previously served as Chairman of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He is the Chairman of IAEA's International Nuclear Safety Group and Co-Chairman of DOE's Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee. He is a member and councilor of the National Academy of Engineering.
  16. Lloyd B. Minor is the Carl and Elizabeth Naumann Dean of Stanford University School of Medicine and a Professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. He is also a Professor of Bioengineering and of Neurobiology, by courtesy, at Stanford University. He was previously the Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs at The Johns Hopkins University and, before that, Andelot Professor and Director (chair) of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Otolaryngologist-in-Chief of The Johns Hopkins Hospital. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
  17. Michal C. Moore is Professor of Energy Economics and Senior Fellow at the School for Public Policy at the University of Calgary and is a visiting Professor of Economics and Systems Engineering at Cornell University. He is a former regulator of the energy industry in California.
  18. Elisabeth Paté-Cornell is the Burt and Deedee McMurtry Professor of Engineering at Stanford University in the department of Management Science and Engineering, which she chaired from its creation in 2000-2011. She is a past President of the Society for Risk Analysis. She served as a member of the President's (Foreign) Intelligence Advisory Board from 2001 to 2008. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of several boards including InQtel, Draper Laboratory, and Aerospace Corporation.
  19. William J. Perry is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Michael and Barbara Berberian Professor at Stanford University, with a joint appointment in the School of Engineering and the Institute for International Studies. He served as the Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1997, Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1993 to 1994, and Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering from 1977 to 1981. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
  20. Richard Reed is Senior Vice President,...

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