Global Crisis

War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century - Abridged and Revised Edn
 
 
De Gruyter (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 25. Juli 2017
  • |
  • 304 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-300-22635-5 (ISBN)
 
An accessible synthesis of the prescient best seller exploring seventeenth-century catastrophe and the impact of climate change First published in 2013, Geoffrey Parker's prize-winning best seller Global Crisis analyzes the unprecedented calamities-revolutions, droughts, famines, invasions, wars, and regicides-that befell the mid-seventeenth-century world and wiped out as much as one-third of the global population, and reveals climate change to be the root cause. Examining firsthand accounts of the crises and scrutinizing the prevailing weather patterns during the 1640s and 1650s-longer and harsher winters, and cooler and wetter summers-Parker reveals evidence of disrupted growing seasons causing malnutrition, disease, a higher death toll, and fewer births. This new abridged edition distills the original book's prodigious research for a broader audience while retaining and indeed emphasizing Parker's extraordinary historical achievement: his dazzling demonstration of the link between climate change and worldwide catastrophe 350 years ago. Yet, the contemporary implications of his study are equally important: are we prepared today for the catastrophes that climate change could bring tomorrow? At half the original length, this user-friendly abridgment is ideal for students and general readers seeking a rapid handle on the key issues.
  • Englisch
  • New Haven
  • |
  • USA
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • 28 color illus. + 55 fig.
  • |
  • 28 color illus. + 55 fig.
978-0-300-22635-5 (9780300226355)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Geoffrey Parker is Andreas Dorpalen Professor of History and associate of the Mershon Center at The Ohio State University, and the 2012 winner of the Heineken Prize for History. He lives in Columbus, OH.
  • Cover page
  • Halftitle page
  • Title page
  • Copyright page
  • Dedication
  • Epigraph
  • Contents
  • Figures
  • Preface to the Abridged and Revised Edition
  • Prologue: Did Someone Say 'Climate Change'?
  • Introduction: The Little Ice Age and the General Crisis
  • PART I THE PLACENTA OF THE CRISIS
  • chapter one The Little Ice Age1
  • 'A Strange and Wondrous Succession of Changes in the Weather'
  • The Search for Scapegoats
  • Blame it on El Niño?
  • Climate and Crops
  • Climate and Calories
  • Calories and Death
  • An Overpopulated World?
  • chapter two The General Crisis
  • 'The Century of the Soldiers'
  • 'Feeding Mars'
  • The Fiscal-Military State
  • Doing God's Work
  • Pride and Prejudice
  • Minorities and Tanistry
  • The Curse of the Composite State
  • Favourites
  • Absolutism and the 'Willingness to Wink'
  • chapter three 'Hunger Is the Greatest Enemy': The Heart of the Crisis
  • Agriculture on the Margin
  • The Urban Graveyard Effect
  • Palace Cities
  • The Macroregions
  • Malevolence and the Macroregions
  • 'The Haves and the Have-nots'
  • chapter four Surviving in the Seventeenth Century1
  • I. Death: 'Never Send to Know for Whom the Bell Tolls'3
  • II. Only Women Bleed
  • III. Migration
  • PART II ENDURING THE CRISIS
  • chapter five The Great Enterprise in China, 1618-841
  • Manchus versus Ming
  • The Erosion of Ming Power
  • The Great Enterprise Begins
  • The Little Ice Age Strikes
  • The Alienated Intellectuals of Ming China
  • The Rise of the Dashing Prince
  • The Tipping Point: China's Battle of Hastings
  • China Partitioned
  • 'Keep Your Head, Lose Your Hair
  • Keep Your Hair, Lose Your Head'
  • 'China in Tigers' Jaws'
  • The Cost of Changing the Mandate
  • chapter six The 'Great Shaking': Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1618-861
  • The Humiliation of Russia
  • The 'Imaginary Little World' of the Muscovites
  • The Tsar and his 'Slaves'
  • 'The Whole World is Shaking'
  • The Great Compromise of 1649
  • The Ukrainian Revolt
  • The Tipping Point: The Commonwealth Dismembered
  • Ruin and 'the Deluge'
  • Russia's Religious Schism
  • Stenka Razin
  • The New Order
  • chapter seven The 'Ottoman Tragedy', 1618-831
  • 'The Greatest Empire That Is, or Perhaps That Ever Was'
  • Climate and Depopulation
  • 'The Ottoman Tragedy'7
  • Murad IV's Personal Rule
  • The Mad Sultan
  • A Second Regicide
  • The Return of Stability
  • The Messianic Moment of Shabbatai Zvi
  • The Tipping Point
  • chapter eight Bloodlands: Germany and its Neighbours, 1618-881
  • The Long Shadow of the Thirty Years' War
  • The Prague Spring
  • The Crisis of the Dutch Republic
  • Enter Denmark
  • 'The Root of All Evils'
  • The Tipping Point: The Rape of Germany
  • Peace Breaks Out in Germany
  • Denmark and Sweden on the Edge
  • The Second Crisis of the Dutch Republic
  • The Danes 'Forge their Own Chains'
  • 'The All-Destructive Fury of the Thirty Years' War': A Myth?36
  • chapter nine The Agony of the Iberian Peninsula, 1618-891
  • 'The Target at Which the Whole World Wants to Shoot its Arrows'
  • Open Opposition Begins
  • The Portuguese Emergency
  • Olivares at Bay
  • The Revolt of the Catalans
  • The Revolt of Portugal
  • The Tipping Point
  • The Fall of Olivares
  • The Green Banner Revolts
  • The Spanish Phoenix?
  • Counting the Cost
  • chapter ten France in Crisis, 1618-881
  • La Grande Nation?
  • France Goes to War
  • War and Insurgency
  • The Revolt of the Judges
  • The Tipping Point: The Barricades of Paris
  • The Fronde
  • The Sun King
  • Plus ça change?
  • chapter eleven The Stuart Monarchy: The Path to Civil War, 1603-421
  • 'Great Britain': A Problematic Inheritance
  • 'The Crisis of Parliaments'
  • The Scottish Revolution
  • The Tipping Point
  • England on Edge
  • The Irish Revolution
  • A King Without a Capital
  • Charles I: A Problematic King
  • chapter twelve Britain and Ireland from Civil War to Revolution, 1642-89
  • The Uncivil Wars
  • The New Model Army Takes Charge
  • The 'Young Statesmen'
  • The Second Civil War
  • Creating the British Republic
  • Creating the First British Empire
  • The Road to Restoration
  • The 'Happy Restoration'
  • The Glorious Revolution
  • After the Revolution
  • PART III SURVIVING THE CRISIS
  • chapter thirteen The Mughals and their Neighbours1
  • 'The Most Potent Monarchs on Earth'
  • 'A Perfect Drought': The Great Indian Famine of 1630-32
  • Afghanistan: The Perpetual Battleground
  • The Crisis of Mughal India
  • Southeast Asia: Turning Plenty into Poverty
  • The Enigma of Iran
  • chapter fourteen Red Flag over Italy1
  • Sicily in Revolt
  • Red Flag over Naples
  • Red Flag over Sicily
  • The Empire Strikes Back
  • The Republic of Naples
  • The Tipping Point
  • A Final 'Epidemic of Uprisings'
  • chapter fifteen The Americas, Africa and Australia1
  • The Americas
  • Africa
  • Australia
  • chapter sixteen Getting It Right: Early Tokugawa Japan1
  • The Pax Tokugawa
  • The Industrious Revolution
  • 'The Greatest and Powerfullest Tyranny That Ever Was Heard of in the World'
  • Coping with the Kan'ei Famine
  • The Tipping Point: Onwards and Upwards
  • Japan in Print
  • Getting It Right?
  • PART IV CONFRONTING THE CRISIS
  • chapter seventeen 'Those Who Have No Means of Support': The Parameters of Popular Resistance1
  • Public and Hidden Transcripts
  • Articulating Grievances
  • Deterrents to Collective Violence
  • 'Women Can Do No Wrong'
  • Clerics and Fools
  • The Etiquette of Collective Violence
  • Place and Time
  • Weapons, Cadres and Emblems
  • Concession or Repression?
  • chapter eighteen 'People Who Hope Only For a Change': Aristocrats, Intellectuals, Clerics and 'Dirty People of No Name'1
  • The Crisis of the Aristocracy
  • Education and Revolution
  • The Contentious Clergy
  • 'Dirty People of No Name'
  • Justifying Disobedience
  • chapter nineteen 'People of Heterodox Beliefs . . . Who Will Join Up with Anyone Who Calls Them': Disseminating Revolution1
  • 'Contagious Diseases' and Composite States
  • The Connectors
  • Exporting Revolution
  • A Public Sphere in the West?
  • A Public Sphere in China?
  • A Public Sphere Elsewhere?
  • The Rule of the Few
  • PART V BEYOND THE CRISIS1
  • chapter twenty Escaping the Crisis
  • Getting Away From It All
  • Keeping Score
  • The Psychoactive Revolution
  • Peace Breaks Out
  • No More Wars
  • chapter twenty-one Warfare State or Welfare State?
  • The Phoenix Effect
  • Be Fruitful and Multiply
  • A Second Agricultural Revolution
  • The Consumer Revolution
  • 'Seeing Like a State'
  • The Containment of Disease
  • Nourishing the People
  • Creative Destruction
  • Non-Creative Destruction
  • chapter twenty-two The Great Divergence
  • Educate and Punish
  • The Crisis of the Universities
  • The New Learning
  • The Thought Police
  • Singletons and Multiples
  • The Limits of the Scientific Revolution
  • Conclusion: The Crisis Anatomized
  • Winners and Losers
  • In Search of Common Denominators
  • If
  • The Two Worlds of Robinson Crusoe
  • Epilogue: 'It's the Climate, Stupid'1
  • 'Darkness' by Lord Byron36
  • Chronology
  • Acknowledgements
  • Conventions
  • Note on Sources
  • Abbreviations Used in the Bibliography and Notes
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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