This volume collects together the most important writings of founding father Thomas Paine. First published on January 10, 1776, "Common Sense" was one the most influential and best-selling works from the colonial period. One of the central political arguments amongst the colonists of the pre-revolutionary period was whether or not they should seek freedom from British rule. In "Common Sense", Paine provided a straightforward argument to the American people as to why they should seek independence. Second in this volume is "The Crisis", a collection of pamphlets published during the American Revolutionary war which were meant to inspire the soldiers and reinforce the reasons for the fight. Third is the "Rights of Man" a refutation of Edmund Burke's "Reflections on the Revolution in France" in which Paine argues that popular political revolution is necessary when a government does not protect the natural rights of its people. Fourth in this book is Paine's "The Age of Reason", a controversial work arguing for the philosophical position of Deism, which challenged institutionalized religion and the legitimacy of the Bible. Lastly there is the socialist treatise "Agrarian Justice", in which Paine argues that land owners owe a rent to society in order to fund universal old-age and disability pensions as well as to provide a fixed sum to all citizens upon reaching maturity. This edition includes a biographical afterword.
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- Common Sense
- Chapter I. Of the Origin and Design of Government in General, With Concise Remarks on the English Constitution.
- Chapter II. Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession.
- Chapter III. Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs.
- Chapter IV. Of the Present Ability of America, With Some Miscellaneous Reflections.
- The Crisis
- Rights of Man
- The First Part. Being an Answer to Mr. Burke's Attack on the French Revolution.
- Editor's Introduction.
- Preface to the English Edition.
- Preface to the French Edition.
- Rights of Man.
- Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens, By the National Assembly of France.
- Observations on the Declaration of Rights.
- Miscellaneous Chapter.
- The Second Part. Combining Principle and Practice.
- French Translator's Preface. (1792)
- Chapter I. Of Society and Civilisation.
- Chapter II. Of the Origin of the Present Old Governments.
- Chapter III. Of the Old and New Systems of Government.
- Chapter IV. Of Constitutions.
- Chapter V. Ways and Means of Improving the Condition of Europe Interspersed With Miscellaneous Observations.
- The Age of Reason
- Editor's Introduction.
- Part I.
- Chapter I. The Author's Profession of Faith.
- Chapter II. Of Missions and Revelations.
- Chapter III. Concerning the Character of Jesus Christ, and His History.
- Chapter IV. Of the Bases of Christianity.
- Chapter V. Examination in Detail of the Preceding Bases.
- Chapter VI. Of the True Theology.
- Chapter VII. Examination of the Old Testament.
- Chapter VIII. Of the New Testament.
- Chapter IX. In What the True Revelation Consists.
- Chapter X. Concerning God, and the Lights Cast on His Existence and Attributes By the Bible.
- Chapter XI. Of the Theology of the Christians
- and the True Theology.
- Chapter XII. The Effects of Christianism on Education
- Proposed Reforms.
- Chapter XIII. Comparison of Christianism With the Religious Ideas Inspired By Nature.
- Chapter XIV. System of the Universe.
- Chapter XV. Advantages of the Existence of Many Worlds in Each Solar System.
- Chapter XVI. Application of the Preceding to the System of the Christians.
- Chapter XVII. Of the Means Employed in All Time, and Almost Universally, to Deceive the Peoples.
- Part II.
- Chapter I. The Old Testament.
- Chapter II. The New Testament.
- Chapter III. Conclusion.
- Agrarian Justice
- Author's English Preface.
- Agrarian Justice.
- Means by Which the Fund is to Be Created.
- Means for Carrying the Proposed Plan into Execution, and to Render it at the Same Time Conducive to the Public Interest.
- Biographical Afterword