High Religion

A Cultural and Political History of Sherpa Buddhism
Princeton Studies in Culture/Power/History; Princeton University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 1. September 2020
  • |
  • 269 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-691-21807-6 (ISBN)

An eminent anthropologist examines the foundings of the first celibate Buddhist monasteries among the Sherpas of Nepal in the early twentieth century--a religious development that was a major departure from "folk" or "popular" Buddhism. Sherry Ortner is the first to integrate social scientific and historical modes of analysis in a study of the Sherpa monasteries and one of the very few to attempt such an account for Buddhist monasteries anywhere. Combining ethnographic and oral-historical methods, she scrutinizes the interplay of political and cultural factors in the events culminating in the foundings. Her work constitutes a major advance both in our knowledge of Sherpa Buddhism and in the integration of anthropological and historical modes of analysis.

At the theoretical level, the book contributes to an emerging theory of "practice," an explanation of the relationship between human intentions and actions on the one hand, and the structures of society and culture that emerge from and feed back upon those intentions and actions on the other. It will appeal not only to the increasing number of anthropologists working on similar problems but also to historians anxious to discover what anthropology has to offer to historical analysis. In addition, it will be essential reading for those interested in Nepal, Tibet, the Sherpa, or Buddhism in general.

  • Englisch
  • Princeton
  • |
  • USA
Canongate Books
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • Fixed format
  • 4,41 MB
978-0-691-21807-6 (9780691218076)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Sherry B. Ortner
  • Cover page
  • Half-title page
  • Title page
  • Copyright page
  • Contents
  • List of Illustrations
  • Acknowledgments
  • Note on Orthography
  • Dramatis Personae
  • Chronology of Sherpa History
  • Chapter I: Introduction: The Project, the People, and the Problem
  • Who Are The Sherpas?
  • Fieldwork
  • Expanding Practice Theory
  • Chapter II: The Early History of the Sherpas: Fraternal Contradictions
  • Time Frame
  • The Sources
  • Migration, Settlement, and Subsistence
  • Family and Inheritance
  • Egalitarianism and Hierarchy: The Core Contradiction
  • Inheritance, Economy, and Inequality
  • Leadership and Power
  • Religion before the Temples
  • Chapter III: The Founding of the First Sherpa Temple: Political Contradictions
  • Time Frame
  • The Novelty of Noncelibate Temples
  • The Stories of the First Founding
  • The Political Rivalry with Zongnamba
  • Contradictions of the Political Order
  • Chapter IV: The Meaning of Temple Founding: Cultural Schemas
  • Cultural Schemas
  • The Founding of Zhung Temple
  • The Schema
  • Rituals for Gaining the Protection of the Gods
  • Grounding The Schema
  • Merit and Power
  • Chapter V: The Sherpas and the State
  • Time Frame
  • The Period before the Temples (1533-1720)
  • The Further Evil Ways of Zongnamba
  • The Gorkha Conquest and Long-Term State Interference
  • The Enrichment of the Big People
  • The Founding of Khumjung Temple
  • Controlling the Big People
  • Chapter VI: The Political Economy of Monastery Foundings
  • Time Frame
  • Getting Rich with the Raj and the Ranas
  • The Effects of the British in Darjeeling in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
  • Trade and Profit: The Further Enrichment of the Big People
  • The Continuing Contradictory Impact of the Nepal State
  • The State as a Source of Wealth
  • More Pembu Conflict
  • Further Political Erosion
  • Chapter VII: The Big People Found the Monasteries: Legitimation and Self-Worth
  • Actors and Schemas
  • The Founding of Tengboche, 1916
  • Karma as Hero
  • The Lamas and the Schema
  • Building Tengboche: 1916-1919
  • The Founding of Chiwong, 1923
  • Building Chiwong (1923-1929)
  • Sangye as hero
  • Legitimation from the Big Point of View: Prestige and Merit
  • Chapter VIII: The Small People
  • Who Are The Small People?
  • The Sherpas in the Larger Economic Context of Nepal
  • The Genesis of Smallness
  • Migrations
  • The Introduction of the Potato
  • Wage Labor and the Empowerment of the Small People
  • Founding the Monasteries: Feeling "Big
  • Chapter IX: Monks and Nuns
  • Time Frame
  • The Founding of Devuche Nunnery
  • Who Are the Monks and Nuns?
  • The Monks and Nuns as Little Big People
  • The Nineteenth-Century Marriage Squeeze
  • Rumbu Monastery and the Seeds of Monastic Rebellion
  • The Founding of Rumbu
  • Gelungma Palma and Monasticism by Choice
  • Founding the Monasteries
  • Revolution at Thami Temple
  • Chapter X: Conclusions: Sherpa History and a Theory of Practice
  • Appendix I: Two Zombie Stories of Early Khumbu
  • Appendix II: Addendum to the Tengboche Chayik
  • Notes
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Index

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