Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior

Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior
 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. März 2016
  • |
  • 436 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-801725-8 (ISBN)
 

The Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior provides a comprehensive account of the full action-perception cycle underlying spatial hearing. It highlights the interesting properties of the auditory system, such as its organization in azimuth and elevation coordinates. Readers will appreciate that sound localization is inherently a neuro-computational process (it needs to process on implicit and independent acoustic cues). The localization problem of which sound location gave rise to a particular sensory acoustic input cannot be uniquely solved, and therefore requires some clever strategies to cope with everyday situations. The reader is guided through the full interdisciplinary repertoire of the natural sciences: not only neurobiology, but also physics and mathematics, and current theories on sensorimotor integration (e.g. Bayesian approaches to deal with uncertain information) and neural encoding.


  • Quantitative, model-driven approaches to the full action-perception cycle of sound-localization behavior and eye-head gaze control
  • Comprehensive introduction to acoustics, systems analysis, computational models, and neurophysiology of the auditory system
  • Full account of gaze-control paradigms that probe the acoustic action-perception cycle, including multisensory integration, auditory plasticity, and hearing impaired


Dr. Van Opstal is a professor of Biophysics, studying sound localization behaviour of human and non-human primates, and in patients. He regards sound localization as an action-perception problem, and probes the system with fast, saccadic eye-head gaze-control paradigms, to study the very earliest correlates of the underlying neurocomputational mechanisms.
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 29,88 MB
978-0-12-801725-8 (9780128017258)
0128017252 (0128017252)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Copyright Page
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1 - A Brief Introduction to the Topic
  • 1.1 - Two tasks for the auditory system
  • 1.2 - An ill-posed problem
  • 1.3 - Dealing with ill-posed problems
  • 1.4 - Spectral representation and source priors
  • 1.5 - Top-down selective filtering
  • 1.6 - Audiovisual integration
  • 1.7 - How to use this book
  • 1.8 - Overview
  • 1.9 - Exercises
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • General Readings
  • On Ill-Posed Problems
  • On Saliency Maps
  • On Inhibition of Return
  • Chapter 2 - The Nature of Sound
  • 2.1 - Longitudinal pressure waves in a medium
  • 2.2 - The homogeneous wave equation
  • Example: Interference and Binaural Beats
  • 2.3 - Harmonic sound waves and acoustic impedance
  • 2.4 - Acoustic energy, intensity, decibel
  • 2.5 - Reflection, transmission, and impedance matching
  • 2.6 Sound spectrum, Fourier series, and bandwidth
  • 2.7 - Phase velocity and group velocity
  • 2.8 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 3 - Linear Systems
  • 3.1 - Modeling physical and biological systems
  • 3.2 - Linear systems: the impulse response
  • 3.3 - Linear systems: the transfer characteristic
  • 3.4 - Combining linear systems in control schemes
  • 3.5 - Examples
  • 3.6 - Linear systems: the Laplace transform
  • 3.7 - Correlation functions and Gaussian white noise
  • 3.8 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 4 - Nonlinear Systems
  • 4.1 - Nonlinear systems identification
  • 4.2 - Nonlinear systems analysis: the Volterra series
  • 4.3 - Nonlinear systems analysis: the Wiener series
  • 4.4 - Independent calculation of Volterra kernels
  • 4.5 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 5 - The Cochlea
  • 5.1 - Introduction: from acoustic input to traveling wave
  • 5.2 - Basic physics underlying water waves
  • 5.3 - The linear cochlear model (Von Békesy and Zwislocki)
  • 5.4 - The active, nonlinear cochlea: role of outer hair cells
  • 5.5 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 6 - The Auditory Nerve
  • 6.1 - Introduction: tuning of auditory nerve fibers
  • 6.2 - Reverse correlation and the gammatone filter
  • 6.3 - Phase locking
  • 6.4 - Rate-level tuning of the auditory nerve
  • 6.5 - Two-tone suppression
  • 6.6 - Modeling the auditory nerve
  • 6.7 - Multitone responses of the auditory nerve
  • 6.8 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 7 - Acoustic Localization Cues
  • 7.1 - Introduction
  • 7.2 - Interaural time differences
  • 7.2.1 - Jeffress' Delay-Line Model
  • 7.2.2 - Modeling Coincidence Detection
  • 7.2.3 - Timed Inhibition
  • 7.2.4 - Timed Inhibition?
  • 7.3 - Interaural level differences
  • 7.3.1 - ILD Encoding at the LSO
  • 7.4 - The cone of confusion
  • 7.5 - Spectral pinna cues
  • 7.5.1 - Possible Neural Correlate for Spectral Cues
  • 7.5.2 - Localization in Elevation: an Ill-Posed Problem
  • 7.5.3 - Alternative Elevation Cues?
  • 7.6 - Distance perception
  • 7.6.1 - The Free Far Field
  • 7.6.2 - The Free Near Field
  • 7.6.3 - Reverberant Environments
  • 7.7 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 8 - Assessing Auditory Spatial Performance
  • 8.1 - Introduction
  • 8.2 - Signal-detection theory
  • 8.3 - Detection, lateralization, discrimination, and localization
  • 8.4 - Sound localization: prey versus predator
  • 8.5 - Sound localization: effects of spectral content, duration, and level
  • 8.5.1 - Binaural Spectral Weighting
  • 8.6 - Virtual acoustics
  • 8.7 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 9 - The Gaze-Orienting System
  • 9.1 - Introduction
  • 9.2 - Saccadic eye movements
  • 9.3 - Saccadic eye-head gaze shifts
  • 9.4 - Auditory and visual-evoked gaze saccades
  • 9.5 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 10 - The Midbrain Colliculus
  • 10.1 - Introduction
  • 10.2 - A multisensory motor map for gaze orienting
  • 10.3 - SC: a vectorial pulse generator
  • 10.4 - IC: putative role in spatial hearing
  • 10.5 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 11 - Coordinate Transformations
  • 11.1 - Introduction
  • 11.2 - Gain fields and predictive remapping
  • 11.3 - The static double-step paradigm
  • 11.3.1 - Eye-Head Coordination
  • 11.4 - Dynamic double step: visual and auditory
  • 11.5 - Spatial hearing is influenced by eye- and head position
  • 11.6 - Limits to updating?
  • 11.7 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 12 - Sound Localization Plasticity
  • 12.1 - Introduction
  • 12.2 - Learning binaural cues
  • 12.3 - Learning spectral cues
  • 12.4 - Visual factors in learning
  • 12.5 - Limits to plasticity?
  • 12.6 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 13 - Multisensory Integration
  • 13.1 - Introduction
  • 13.2 - Models
  • 13.3 - Bayesian inference
  • 13.4 - AV congruent
  • 13.5 - AV incongruent
  • 13.6 - Audio-vestibular integration
  • 13.7 - Exercises
  • References
  • Chapter 14 - Impaired Hearing and Sound Localization
  • 14.1 - Introduction
  • 14.2 - Restorative hearing technologies
  • 14.3 - Single-sided deafness
  • 14.4 - Unilateral conductive hearing loss
  • 14.5 - Bimodal hearing: CI-HA
  • 14.6 - Presbycusis: sometimes superior performance?
  • References
  • Subject Index
  • Back Cover

Dateiformat: EPUB
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat EPUB ist sehr gut für Romane und Sachbücher geeignet - also für "fließenden" Text ohne komplexes Layout. Bei E-Readern oder Smartphones passt sich der Zeilen- und Seitenumbruch automatisch den kleinen Displays an. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Download (sofort verfügbar)

107,04 €
inkl. 19% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
ePUB mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
PDF mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
Hinweis: Die Auswahl des von Ihnen gewünschten Dateiformats und des Kopierschutzes erfolgt erst im System des E-Book Anbieters
E-Book bestellen

Unsere Web-Seiten verwenden Cookies. Mit der Nutzung des WebShops erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden. Mehr Informationen finden Sie in unserem Datenschutzhinweis. Ok