The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention

 
 
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • 2. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 14. September 2016
  • |
  • 848 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-90323-0 (ISBN)
 
The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention, 2nd Edition, presents a series of readings that consider the individual and societal factors that lead to suicide, it addresses ways these factors may be mitigated, and presents the most up-to-date evidence for effective suicide prevention approaches.
* An updated reference that shows why effective suicide prevention can only be achieved by understanding the many reasons why people choose to end their lives
* Gathers together contributions from more than 100 of the world's leading authorities on suicidal behavior--many of them new to this edition
* Considers suicide from epidemiological, psychological, clinical, sociological, and neurobiological perspectives, providing a holistic understanding of the subject
* Describes the most up-to-date, evidence-based research and practice from across the globe, and explores its implications across countries, cultures, and the lifespan
2. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Hoboken
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 4,32 MB
978-1-118-90323-0 (9781118903230)
1118903234 (1118903234)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Rory O'Connor is Professor of Health Psychology at the University of Glasgow and Past President of the International Academy of Suicide Research. O'Connor leads the Suicidal Behaviour Research Laboratory at Glasgow, one of the leading suicide and self-harm research groups in the UK. He has published extensively in the field of suicide and self-harm, and is also Deputy Chief Editor of Archives of Suicide Research, an Associate Editor of Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, and a member of the editorial board of Crisis.
Jane Pirkis is the Director of the Centre for Mental Health in the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health at the University of Melbourne, and General Secretary of the International Association for Suicide Prevention. She has published extensively on suicide and its prevention.
1 - Title Page [Seite 5]
2 - Copyright Page [Seite 6]
3 - Contents [Seite 9]
4 - Notes on Contributors [Seite 13]
5 - Introduction [Seite 23]
6 - Part I Suicidal Determinants and Frameworks [Seite 31]
6.1 - Chapter 1 Challenges to Defining and Classifying Suicide and Suicidal Behaviors [Seite 33]
6.1.1 - Introduction [Seite 33]
6.1.2 - Challenges to Developing and Implementing a Standardized Nomenclature and Classification System [Seite 35]
6.1.3 - Clarifying Terminology [Seite 36]
6.1.4 - Terminology in Suicide Classification Systems [Seite 37]
6.1.5 - Examples of Definitional Obfuscation [Seite 40]
6.1.6 - Relevance to the General Population's Understanding and use of Terminology [Seite 46]
6.1.7 - The Need for Sensitivity and Consistency [Seite 46]
6.1.8 - Recent Efforts to Clarify Suicidal Behaviors [Seite 47]
6.1.9 - Key Questions [Seite 49]
6.1.10 - Future Directions [Seite 50]
6.1.11 - Conclusions [Seite 51]
6.1.12 - References [Seite 53]
6.2 - Chapter 2 International Perspectives on the Epidemiology and Etiology of Suicide and Self-Harm [Seite 58]
6.2.1 - Introduction [Seite 58]
6.2.2 - Suicide [Seite 58]
6.2.3 - Self-Harm [Seite 69]
6.2.4 - Conclusion [Seite 75]
6.2.5 - References [Seite 75]
6.3 - Chapter 3 Self-Harm: Extent of the Problem and Prediction of Repetition [Seite 83]
6.3.1 - Introduction [Seite 83]
6.3.2 - Extent of the Problem of Self-Harm and Repetition [Seite 84]
6.3.3 - Prediction of Repeated Self-Harm Across the Lifespan [Seite 86]
6.3.4 - Gender Differences [Seite 88]
6.3.5 - Ethnicity [Seite 89]
6.3.6 - Assessment of Risk of Repeated Self-Harm [Seite 89]
6.3.7 - Conclusions [Seite 91]
6.3.8 - References [Seite 91]
6.4 - Chapter 4 Major Mood Disorders and Suicidal Behavior [Seite 96]
6.4.1 - Introduction [Seite 96]
6.4.2 - Suicidal Behavior in People With Mood Disorders [Seite 97]
6.4.3 - Clinically Detectable Suicide Risk Factors in People With Mood Disorders [Seite 99]
6.4.4 - Suicide Protective Factors in People With Mood Disorders [Seite 104]
6.4.5 - Key Achievements in Suicide Prevention: Interventions to Decrease Suicide in Patients With Mood Disorders [Seite 105]
6.4.6 - Challenges for the Future [Seite 107]
6.4.7 - Conclusions [Seite 107]
6.4.8 - Key Resources [Seite 108]
6.4.9 - References [Seite 108]
6.5 - Chapter 5 Schizophrenia, Other Psychotic Disorders, and Suicidal Behavior [Seite 115]
6.5.1 - Introduction [Seite 115]
6.5.2 - Suicide in Psychotic Disorders [Seite 116]
6.5.3 - The Risk of Suicide in Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders [Seite 116]
6.5.4 - Relationship with Other Suicide and Sociodemographic Characteristics [Seite 118]
6.5.5 - Characteristics of Psychotic Illness in Suicide [Seite 119]
6.5.6 - Insight into Psychotic Illness [Seite 120]
6.5.7 - Psychopathology, Personality Traits, and Family History of Suicidal Behavior [Seite 121]
6.5.8 - Treatment of Chronic Psychotic Disorders: Implications for Suicide Risk [Seite 123]
6.5.9 - Conclusions [Seite 126]
6.5.10 - Key Resources [Seite 126]
6.5.11 - References [Seite 127]
6.6 - Chapter 6 Substance Use Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: A Conceptual Model [Seite 132]
6.6.1 - Introduction [Seite 132]
6.6.2 - Terms Used Throughout [Seite 132]
6.6.3 - Conceptual Model of Risk for Suicidal Behavior Among Individuals With SUDs [Seite 133]
6.6.4 - Evidence for the Conceptual Model: Research Showing that Individuals with SUDs are at Elevated Risk [Seite 134]
6.6.5 - Evidence for the Conceptual Model: Distal Risk Factors for Suicidal Behavior Among Individuals With SUDs [Seite 136]
6.6.6 - Evidence for the Conceptual Model: Proximal Risk Factors Among Individuals With SUDs [Seite 138]
6.6.7 - Future Directions [Seite 139]
6.6.8 - Key Resources [Seite 141]
6.6.9 - References [Seite 142]
6.7 - Chapter 7 Personality Disorders and Suicidality [Seite 146]
6.7.1 - Introduction [Seite 146]
6.7.2 - The Management of Suicidality in Borderline Personality Disorder [Seite 148]
6.7.3 - Conclusions and Implications for Practice [Seite 150]
6.7.4 - Key Resources [Seite 151]
6.7.5 - References [Seite 151]
6.8 - Chapter 8 The Association Between Physical Illness/Medical Conditions and Suicide Risk [Seite 155]
6.8.1 - Introduction [Seite 155]
6.8.2 - Multiple Sclerosis [Seite 156]
6.8.3 - Epilepsy [Seite 157]
6.8.4 - Huntington's Disease [Seite 158]
6.8.5 - Cancer [Seite 159]
6.8.6 - HIV [Seite 161]
6.8.7 - End-Stage Kidney Disease [Seite 162]
6.8.8 - Diabetes Mellitus [Seite 163]
6.8.9 - Stroke [Seite 164]
6.8.10 - Conclusions [Seite 165]
6.8.11 - References [Seite 166]
6.9 - Chapter 9 Relationships of Genes and Early-Life Experience to the Neurobiology of Suicidal Behavior [Seite 171]
6.9.1 - Introduction [Seite 171]
6.9.2 - Biological Alterations in Suicidal Behavior [Seite 171]
6.9.3 - Stress-Response Systems [Seite 173]
6.9.4 - Neural Circuitry of Suicidal Behavior [Seite 175]
6.9.5 - Developmental Factors Related to the Neurobiology of Suicide [Seite 175]
6.9.6 - Genes and Suicidal Behavior [Seite 177]
6.9.7 - Genes and Early-Life Environment Interaction [Seite 179]
6.9.8 - Key Questions and Challenges for the Future [Seite 180]
6.9.9 - Conclusion [Seite 181]
6.9.10 - Acknowledgments [Seite 181]
6.9.11 - Key Resources [Seite 181]
6.9.12 - References [Seite 182]
6.10 - Chapter 10 Understanding the Suicidal Brain: A Review of Neuropsychological Studies of Suicidal Ideation and Behavior [Seite 192]
6.10.1 - Introduction [Seite 192]
6.10.2 - Neuropsychological Studies of Suicidal Ideation and Behavior [Seite 193]
6.10.3 - Discussion [Seite 200]
6.10.4 - Conclusions [Seite 204]
6.10.5 - References [Seite 205]
6.11 - Chapter 11 Visualizing the Suicidal Brain: Neuroimaging and Suicide Prevention [Seite 210]
6.11.1 - Introduction [Seite 210]
6.11.2 - Brain Imaging Findings in Suicide Attempters [Seite 211]
6.11.3 - Discussion [Seite 221]
6.11.4 - Neuroimaging and Suicide Prevention [Seite 222]
6.11.5 - Challenges and Future Considerations [Seite 223]
6.11.6 - Conclusion [Seite 224]
6.11.7 - Key Resources [Seite 224]
6.11.8 - References [Seite 224]
6.12 - Chapter 12 Present Status and Future Prospects of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior [Seite 228]
6.12.1 - Introduction [Seite 228]
6.12.2 - Key Concepts [Seite 230]
6.12.3 - Main Predictions [Seite 231]
6.12.4 - Future Directions [Seite 234]
6.12.5 - Conclusion [Seite 237]
6.12.6 - Key Resources [Seite 237]
6.12.7 - References [Seite 238]
6.13 - Chapter 13 The Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicidal Behavior: An Update [Seite 242]
6.13.1 - Introduction [Seite 242]
6.13.2 - Brief Overview of Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicidal Behavior [Seite 244]
6.13.3 - Conceptual and Empirical Rationale for IMV Model [Seite 245]
6.13.4 - Implications of the IMV Model for Research, Policy, and Practice [Seite 255]
6.13.5 - Conclusions [Seite 256]
6.13.6 - Key Resources [Seite 256]
6.13.7 - References [Seite 257]
6.14 - Chapter 14 Sociological Perspectives on Suicide: A Review and Analysis of Marital and Religious Integration [Seite 263]
6.14.1 - Marital Integration and the Prevention of Suicide: A Review [Seite 263]
6.14.2 - An Empirical Study of Marriage, Religion, and Suicide: Analysis of an Integrated Model of Suicide Prevention [Seite 268]
6.14.3 - Results [Seite 271]
6.14.4 - Discussion [Seite 273]
6.14.5 - References [Seite 275]
6.15 - Chapter 15 Inequalities and Suicidal Behavior [Seite 280]
6.15.1 - Introduction [Seite 280]
6.15.2 - Socioeconomic Inequalities in Suicide: The Evidence [Seite 281]
6.15.3 - Empirical Investigation of Socioeconomic Inequalities in Suicide in Scotland [Seite 290]
6.15.4 - Discussion [Seite 295]
6.15.5 - Conclusion [Seite 300]
6.15.6 - Key Resources [Seite 300]
6.15.7 - References [Seite 301]
6.16 - Chapter 16 Economic Recession, Unemployment, and Suicide [Seite 306]
6.16.1 - Introduction [Seite 306]
6.16.2 - Epidemiological Evidence [Seite 306]
6.16.3 - Evidence of the Causal Nature of the Association Between Economic Recession and Suicide [Seite 311]
6.16.4 - Age- and Sex-Specific Effects [Seite 312]
6.16.5 - Mechanisms to Explain the Rise in Suicide During Recessions [Seite 312]
6.16.6 - Interventions to Offset the Impact of Recession on Suicide [Seite 314]
6.16.7 - What Research Issues Remain Unanswered? [Seite 316]
6.16.8 - What Are the Key Achievements in Suicide Prevention Within This Area? [Seite 317]
6.16.9 - Conclusions [Seite 318]
6.16.10 - Key Resources [Seite 318]
6.16.11 - References [Seite 319]
7 - Part II Intervention, Treatment, and Care [Seite 323]
7.1 - Chapter 17 Evidence-Based Prevention and Treatment of Suicidal Behavior in Children and Adolescents [Seite 325]
7.1.1 - Introduction [Seite 325]
7.1.2 - Understanding Effective Prevention Through Changes in the Epidemiology of Youth Suicide [Seite 326]
7.1.3 - Risk Factors for Suicidal Behavior as Targets of Prevention and Treatment [Seite 327]
7.1.4 - Assessment [Seite 331]
7.1.5 - Suicide Prevention in Children and Adolescents [Seite 332]
7.1.6 - Conclusions [Seite 338]
7.1.7 - References [Seite 338]
7.2 - Chapter 18 Prevention and Treatment of Suicidality in Older Adults [Seite 345]
7.2.1 - Introduction [Seite 345]
7.2.2 - Peculiarities of Suicidal Behavior in Older Age [Seite 345]
7.2.3 - Epidemiological Trends [Seite 346]
7.2.4 - Risk Factors for Suicide Among Older Adults [Seite 349]
7.2.5 - Treatment of Suicidality Among Older Adults [Seite 352]
7.2.6 - Conclusions [Seite 360]
7.2.7 - Key Resources [Seite 361]
7.2.8 - References [Seite 361]
7.3 - Chapter 19 Therapeutic Alliance and the Therapist [Seite 368]
7.3.1 - Introduction [Seite 368]
7.3.2 - Problems in the Communication of Suicidal Intent [Seite 368]
7.3.3 - Patient-Oriented Versus Physician-Oriented Approach [Seite 370]
7.3.4 - Therapeutic Assessment of Suicide Risk [Seite 370]
7.3.5 - Therapeutic Alliance: Some Basics [Seite 371]
7.3.6 - Therapeutic Alliance with the Suicidal Patient [Seite 372]
7.3.7 - Therapeutic Alliance in Treatments for Suicidality [Seite 373]
7.3.8 - Understanding Suicide as Goal-Directed Behavior [Seite 375]
7.3.9 - Where the Truth Lies: The Patients' Stories [Seite 375]
7.3.10 - The Provision of a Secure Base: Long-Term Anchoring [Seite 377]
7.3.11 - Conclusion [Seite 377]
7.3.12 - Key Resources [Seite 377]
7.3.13 - References [Seite 379]
7.4 - Chapter 20 Clinical Care of Self-Harm Patients: An Evidence-Based Approach [Seite 384]
7.4.1 - Introduction [Seite 384]
7.4.2 - What Can Be Learned From Studies of Service Users' Attitudes Toward Self-Harm Services? [Seite 385]
7.4.3 - What Can Be Learned From Studies of Staff Attitudes to Self-Harm Patients? [Seite 389]
7.4.4 - What Do We Know About Effectiveness of Psychosocial and Physical Interventions for Self-Harm Patients? [Seite 393]
7.4.5 - What Do We Know About Variations Between Services for Self-Harm Patients? [Seite 396]
7.4.6 - What Can One Conclude From the Current Evidence About the Most Effective Design and Activities of a Service for Self-Harm Patients? [Seite 397]
7.4.7 - Further Developments [Seite 401]
7.4.8 - Conclusions [Seite 401]
7.4.9 - Key Resources [Seite 402]
7.4.10 - References [Seite 402]
7.5 - Chapter 21 After the Suicide Attempt-The Need for Continuity and Quality of Care [Seite 409]
7.5.1 - Introduction [Seite 409]
7.5.2 - The Magnitude of the Problem [Seite 410]
7.5.3 - Follow-Up Treatments for People Who Make a Suicide Attempt [Seite 412]
7.5.4 - Recommended Standards of Care and Aftercare After a Suicide Attempt [Seite 413]
7.5.5 - Adherence to Recommended Treatment Standards [Seite 414]
7.5.6 - The Norwegian Chain-of-Care Model [Seite 415]
7.5.7 - Conclusions and Recommendations for Policy and Clinical Practice [Seite 418]
7.5.8 - Key Resources [Seite 420]
7.5.9 - References [Seite 420]
7.6 - Chapter 22 Management of Suicidal Risk in Emergency Departments: A Clinical Perspective [Seite 425]
7.6.1 - Introduction [Seite 425]
7.6.2 - Why Is the Emergency Department an Important Setting for Suicide Prevention? [Seite 426]
7.6.3 - Why the Traditional Approach to Risk Management in Suicidal Patients is Unhelpful and Alternative Approaches to Managing Suicidal People in the Emergency Department are Required [Seite 428]
7.6.4 - Key Achievements [Seite 434]
7.6.5 - Conclusion [Seite 435]
7.6.6 - Key Resources [Seite 435]
7.6.7 - References [Seite 435]
7.7 - Chapter 23 Treating the Suicidal Patient: Cognitive Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy [Seite 438]
7.7.1 - Introduction [Seite 438]
7.7.2 - Cognitive Therapy [Seite 439]
7.7.3 - Dialectical Behavior Therapy [Seite 445]
7.7.4 - Comparison of CT and DBT for Suicide Prevention [Seite 449]
7.7.5 - Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Research [Seite 450]
7.7.6 - Key Resources [Seite 450]
7.7.7 - References [Seite 451]
7.8 - Chapter 24 Lessons Learned from Clinical Trials of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) [Seite 453]
7.8.1 - CAMS Overview [Seite 453]
7.8.2 - CAMS Therapeutic Philosophy [Seite 454]
7.8.3 - The CAMS Therapeutic Framework: Collaborative SSF Assessment [Seite 456]
7.8.4 - The CAMS Therapeutic Framework: Collaborative SSF Treatment Planning [Seite 457]
7.8.5 - Clinical Studies and Trials of the SSF and CAMS [Seite 462]
7.8.6 - Current RCTs of CAMS [Seite 465]
7.8.7 - Key Next Steps for CAMS [Seite 466]
7.8.8 - Conclusion [Seite 468]
7.8.9 - Key Resources [Seite 468]
7.8.10 - References [Seite 469]
7.9 - Chapter 25 Modes of Mind and Suicidal Processes [Seite 472]
7.9.1 - Introduction [Seite 472]
7.9.2 - Background [Seite 473]
7.9.3 - Empirical Evidence [Seite 474]
7.9.4 - Can Mindfulness Help? [Seite 480]
7.9.5 - The Effect of Mindfulness Training on Self-Discrepancy [Seite 481]
7.9.6 - Conclusion [Seite 482]
7.9.7 - Key Resources [Seite 483]
7.9.8 - References [Seite 484]
7.10 - Chapter 26 Brief Contact Interventions: Current Evidence and Future Research Directions [Seite 488]
7.10.1 - Introduction [Seite 488]
7.10.2 - What is a Brief Contact Intervention? [Seite 489]
7.10.3 - Content of BCIS [Seite 490]
7.10.4 - Evidence of Effectiveness From Reviews [Seite 491]
7.10.5 - Continuing Questions and Areas for Future Research [Seite 493]
7.10.6 - Conclusion [Seite 496]
7.10.7 - Key Resources [Seite 497]
7.10.8 - References [Seite 498]
7.11 - Chapter 27 Delivering Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Interventions to Reduce Suicide Risk [Seite 502]
7.11.1 - Introduction [Seite 502]
7.11.2 - Studies Targeting Depression With Suicide Ideation as Treatment Outcome [Seite 503]
7.11.3 - Study Targeting Suicidal Ideation: Living Under Control [Seite 504]
7.11.4 - Rationale [Seite 504]
7.11.5 - Effectiveness [Seite 507]
7.11.6 - Conclusion [Seite 509]
7.11.7 - Key Resources [Seite 509]
7.11.8 - References [Seite 510]
7.12 - Chapter 28 Helplines, Tele-Web Support Services, and Suicide Prevention [Seite 512]
7.12.1 - Introduction [Seite 512]
7.12.2 - Conceptualization of Helplines and Tele-Web Support Services [Seite 513]
7.12.3 - Empirical Evidence [Seite 516]
7.12.4 - Discussion: Challenges and Future Directions [Seite 520]
7.12.5 - Conclusions [Seite 523]
7.12.6 - References [Seite 524]
8 - Part III Suicide Prevention: Bringing Together Evidence, Policy, and Practice [Seite 527]
8.1 - Chapter 29 Suicide Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries [Seite 529]
8.1.1 - Introduction [Seite 529]
8.1.2 - Epidemiology of Suicide in LMICs [Seite 529]
8.1.3 - Risk and Protective Factors in LMICs [Seite 534]
8.1.4 - Prevention Efforts in LMICs [Seite 536]
8.1.5 - Preventing Suicides in LMICs [Seite 537]
8.1.6 - Evidence Gap and the Way Forward [Seite 542]
8.1.7 - Conclusion [Seite 542]
8.1.8 - Acknowledgments [Seite 542]
8.1.9 - References [Seite 542]
8.2 - Chapter 30 Suicide in Asia: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Prevention [Seite 546]
8.2.1 - Setting the Context [Seite 546]
8.2.2 - The Challenge of Suicide Prevention in Asia [Seite 554]
8.2.3 - Conclusions [Seite 557]
8.2.4 - Key Resources [Seite 558]
8.2.5 - References [Seite 558]
8.3 - Chapter 31 Cultural Factors in Suicide Prevention [Seite 563]
8.3.1 - Introduction [Seite 563]
8.3.2 - How Does Culture Influence Suicidal Behavior? [Seite 564]
8.3.3 - Conclusions [Seite 574]
8.3.4 - Key Resources [Seite 574]
8.3.5 - References [Seite 575]
8.4 - Chapter 32 Suicide Prevention Strategies: Case Studies from Across the Globe [Seite 578]
8.4.1 - Introduction [Seite 578]
8.4.2 - The Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention Model [Seite 578]
8.4.3 - The Institute of Medicine (IOM) Model [Seite 579]
8.4.4 - Suicide Prevention Programs and Actions Across the Globe [Seite 581]
8.4.5 - Dilemma of Evidence-Based Suicide Prevention [Seite 586]
8.4.6 - Conclusion [Seite 586]
8.4.7 - Key Resources [Seite 587]
8.4.8 - References [Seite 587]
8.5 - Chapter 33 Rurality and Suicide [Seite 591]
8.5.1 - Introduction [Seite 591]
8.5.2 - Suicide in Rural Areas [Seite 592]
8.5.3 - Themes in Rural Suicide Epidemiology [Seite 598]
8.5.4 - Achievements in Rural Suicide Prevention [Seite 601]
8.5.5 - Models of Rural Suicide [Seite 606]
8.5.6 - Key Questions for the Future [Seite 608]
8.5.7 - Conclusions [Seite 609]
8.5.8 - Key Resources [Seite 609]
8.5.9 - References [Seite 609]
8.6 - Chapter 34 Why Mental Illness is a Risk Factor for Suicide: Implications for Suicide Prevention [Seite 616]
8.6.1 - Model 1: Suicide and Mental Disorders have a Common Etiology [Seite 617]
8.6.2 - Model 2: Some Mental Disorders are Alternatives to Suicide [Seite 618]
8.6.3 - Model 3: Suicide is a Direct Consequence of Mental Disorders [Seite 618]
8.6.4 - Model 4: Suicide is the Result of the Consequences of Living With a Mental Disorder [Seite 619]
8.6.5 - Model 5: Suicide Results from Treatment: It is "Iatrogenic" or Related to Inadequate, Inappropriate, or Incomplete Treatment [Seite 620]
8.6.6 - Model 6: Combined Model with the Addition of the Crisis Situation [Seite 621]
8.6.7 - Why the Suicide Risk for Different Mental Disorders Varies During the Course of the Disorder [Seite 622]
8.6.8 - Prevention Activities for Persons With Mental Disorders [Seite 623]
8.6.9 - Conclusions [Seite 625]
8.6.10 - References [Seite 626]
8.7 - Chapter 35 Suicide Prevention Through Restricting Access to Suicide Means and Hotspots [Seite 631]
8.7.1 - Introduction [Seite 631]
8.7.2 - Rationale and Evidence [Seite 631]
8.7.3 - Cognitive Availability [Seite 632]
8.7.4 - Restricting Access to Suicidal Means and Hotspots in Suicide Prevention [Seite 633]
8.7.5 - Conclusion [Seite 648]
8.7.6 - Key Resources [Seite 648]
8.7.7 - References [Seite 649]
8.8 - Chapter 36 Reducing Suicide Without Affecting Underlying Mental Health: Theoretical Underpinnings and a Review of the Evidence Base Linking the Availability of Lethal Means and Suicide [Seite 659]
8.8.1 - Introduction [Seite 659]
8.8.2 - Why Means Matter [Seite 660]
8.8.3 - Principles Guiding This Review [Seite 664]
8.8.4 - Empirical Studies [Seite 665]
8.8.5 - Conclusion [Seite 676]
8.8.6 - Acknowledgments [Seite 677]
8.8.7 - Key Resources [Seite 677]
8.8.8 - References [Seite 677]
8.9 - Chapter 37 Surviving the Legacy of Suicide [Seite 685]
8.9.1 - Introduction [Seite 685]
8.9.2 - The Problem of Terminology [Seite 685]
8.9.3 - The Number of Suicide Survivors [Seite 686]
8.9.4 - The Trajectory of the Bereavement Process [Seite 687]
8.9.5 - Models of Bereavement After Suicide [Seite 689]
8.9.6 - Grief Complications of Those Bereaved by Suicide [Seite 690]
8.9.7 - Helping the Bereaved by Suicide [Seite 692]
8.9.8 - Symbols and Other Substitutes for Remembering the Deceased [Seite 694]
8.9.9 - End of the Bereavement [Seite 696]
8.9.10 - Caregivers and Professionals Who Lose a Client to Suicide [Seite 696]
8.9.11 - Conclusions [Seite 697]
8.9.12 - References [Seite 697]
8.10 - Chapter 38 Suicide Prevention Through Personal Experience [Seite 703]
8.10.1 - Introduction and Terminology [Seite 703]
8.10.2 - How Do You Measure the Impact of Personal Experience on Suicide Prevention? [Seite 703]
8.10.3 - Stigma: A Multifaceted Challenge [Seite 707]
8.10.4 - Impact of Experience-Based Programs [Seite 709]
8.10.5 - Peer Support Programs [Seite 710]
8.10.6 - Research Directions [Seite 711]
8.10.7 - Challenges and Personal Experience [Seite 712]
8.10.8 - Conclusion [Seite 713]
8.10.9 - Key Resources [Seite 713]
8.10.10 - References [Seite 714]
8.11 - Chapter 39 Time to Change Direction in Suicide Research [Seite 718]
8.11.1 - Introduction [Seite 718]
8.11.2 - A Critical Look at Current Mainstream Suicide Research [Seite 719]
8.11.3 - The Kind of Research the Field Now Needs (More of) [Seite 722]
8.11.4 - Conclusion [Seite 727]
8.11.5 - Key Resources [Seite 728]
8.11.6 - References [Seite 729]
8.12 - Chapter 40 Suicide Research Methods and Designs [Seite 732]
8.12.1 - Introduction [Seite 732]
8.12.2 - Methodological Considerations [Seite 733]
8.12.3 - Research Study Designs [Seite 735]
8.12.4 - Instruments and Informants [Seite 740]
8.12.5 - Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Research [Seite 743]
8.12.6 - Key Resources [Seite 744]
8.12.7 - References [Seite 744]
8.13 - Chapter 41 School-Based Suicide Prevention Programs [Seite 747]
8.13.1 - Introduction [Seite 747]
8.13.2 - Awareness and Education Curricula [Seite 748]
8.13.3 - Screening [Seite 751]
8.13.4 - Gatekeeper Training [Seite 752]
8.13.5 - Skills Training [Seite 755]
8.13.6 - Culturally Adapted Programs [Seite 758]
8.13.7 - Key Achievements in School-Based Suicide Prevention and Influence on the Evidence Base [Seite 759]
8.13.8 - Limitations of the Literature [Seite 759]
8.13.9 - Future Directions [Seite 760]
8.13.10 - Conclusion [Seite 761]
8.13.11 - Related Readings [Seite 761]
8.13.12 - Key Resources [Seite 761]
8.13.13 - References [Seite 761]
8.14 - Chapter 42 Media Influences on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors [Seite 765]
8.14.1 - Suicide and Traditional Media [Seite 765]
8.14.2 - Suicide and Newer Media [Seite 769]
8.14.3 - Suggested Theoretical Underpinnings [Seite 773]
8.14.4 - Key Achievements [Seite 774]
8.14.5 - Key Challenges for the Future [Seite 774]
8.14.6 - Conclusions [Seite 775]
8.14.7 - Key Resources [Seite 775]
8.14.8 - References [Seite 775]
8.15 - Chapter 43 Suicide Clusters [Seite 780]
8.15.1 - Introduction [Seite 780]
8.15.2 - Definition of Suicide Clusters [Seite 780]
8.15.3 - Ways in Which Suicide Clusters Are Investigated [Seite 781]
8.15.4 - Clusters of Self-Harm and Suicide Attempts [Seite 782]
8.15.5 - Prevalence of, and Risk Factors for, Suicide Clusters [Seite 782]
8.15.6 - Mechanisms by Which Suicide Clusters Are Thought to Occur [Seite 784]
8.15.7 - The Role of the Internet and Social Media [Seite 786]
8.15.8 - Preventing and Managing Suicide Clusters [Seite 787]
8.15.9 - Key Questions and Future Challenges [Seite 790]
8.15.10 - Conclusions [Seite 792]
8.15.11 - Key Resources [Seite 792]
8.15.12 - References [Seite 792]
8.16 - Chapter 44 Making an Economic Case for Investing in Suicide Prevention: Quo Vadis? [Seite 797]
8.16.1 - Introduction [Seite 797]
8.16.2 - The Use of Economic Evidence in Health Policy Making [Seite 798]
8.16.3 - Question 1: Assessing the Cost of Not Taking Action [Seite 798]
8.16.4 - Question 2: Assessing the Costs of Taking Action [Seite 802]
8.16.5 - Question 3: Assessing Value for Money [Seite 803]
8.16.6 - Question 4: Incentivizing Investment in Suicide Prevention Actions [Seite 809]
8.16.7 - Conclusions: How Can the Economic Evidence Base Be Strengthened? [Seite 809]
8.16.8 - References [Seite 810]
9 - Index [Seite 813]
10 - EULA [Seite 846]

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