Selected Applications of Modern FT-IR Techniques

 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 5. Juli 2019
  • |
  • 280 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-351-41711-2 (ISBN)
 
FT-IR techniques are used in the research and analysis of the most common samples brought into the laboratories of polymer, semiconductor and pharmaceutical production industries. This volume intends to show beginners in modern Fourier-Transform-Infrared analysis which technique of infrared analysis should be selected and how to use it. The volume is divided into two parts. The first section of Part 1 describes the hardware of Fourier Transform infrared spectrometers and offers guidelines on how to selecte instrument settings. Section 2 of Part 1 is concerned with the theoretical and practical aspects of infrared techniques such as IR-microscopy. ATR, diffuse reflection, specular reflection, photoacoustic detection, and emission spectroscopy as well as data handling techniques. For some samples, multiple techniques were selected to obtain different information from the sample.
  • Englisch
  • Boca Raton
  • |
  • USA
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
978-1-351-41711-2 (9781351417112)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Nishikida, Koichi , Nishio Etsuo, Hannah, Robert W.
  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Title Page
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • Part I. Fundamentals
  • 1. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) System
  • 1.1 Principle of the FT-IR Spectrometer
  • 1.2 Scan Conditions
  • 1.2.1 Resolution
  • 1.2.2 Detector
  • 1.2.3 Apodization
  • 1.2.4 Phase Correction and Magnitude Spectra
  • Notes and References
  • 2. Features and Operation Techniques of the Infrared Accessories
  • 2.1 Infrared Microscope
  • 2.1.1 Principle
  • 2.1.2 Experimental Procedure
  • 2.1.3 Features of IR Microspectroscopy
  • 2.2 Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR), or Multiple Internal Reflection (MIR) Accessory
  • 2.2.1 Principle
  • 2.2.2 ATR Accessories
  • 2.2.3 Experimental Procedure
  • 2.2.4 Features of ATR Spectra
  • 2.3 Diffuse Reflection Accessory
  • 2.3.1 Principle
  • 2.3.2 Experimental Procedure
  • 2.3.3 Features of Diffuse Reflection Spectra
  • 2.4 Photo-Acoustic Detector
  • 2.4.1 Principle
  • 2.4.2 Experimental Procedure
  • 2.4.3 Features of the PA-FTIR Method
  • 2.5 Fixed Angle and Variable Angle Specular Reflection Accessories
  • 2.5.1 Principle
  • 2.5.2 Specular Reflection Accessory
  • 2.5.3 Experimental Procedure
  • 2.5.4 Features of Specular Reflection Spectroscopy
  • 2.6 Emission Accessory
  • 2.6.1 Principle
  • 2.6.2 Emission Accessory
  • 2.6.3. Experimental Procedure
  • 2.6.4 Features of Emission Spectroscopy
  • Notes and References
  • Part II. Selected Applications of FT-IR Spectroscopy
  • 3. Analysis of Film and Film-like Samples
  • 3.1 Dichroic Measurements of Drawn Polymer Films
  • 3.1A Presentations of dichroic data
  • 3.1B Dichroic spectra of poly(ethylene)
  • 3.1C Orientation of drawn poly(propylene) film (I) - Transmission
  • 3.1D Orientation of drawn poly(propylene) film (II) - ATR
  • 3.2 Analysis of Foreign Matter in Polymers
  • 3.2A Thin film formed on polymer plate - KBr pellet (Johnson method)
  • 3.2B Foreign matter deposit on poly(imide) multilayer printed circuit board - KBr pellet
  • 3.2C Fisheye of poly(ethylene) film - Microscope
  • 3.2D Foreign matter in polymer film (I) - Microscope
  • 3.2E Foreign matter in polymer film (II) - Microscope
  • 3.3 Layer Structures, Surface Treatments and Chemical Changes in Polymer Films
  • 3.3A Structure of eight-layer laminate film - Microscope
  • 3.3B Layer structure of automobile paint - Microscope
  • 3.3C Photochemical reaction of polymer (I) - Microscope
  • 3.3D Photochemical reaction of polymer (II) - PAS
  • 3.3E Pigment of glass-reinforced plastic - Microscope
  • 3.3F Obtaining IR spectra of surface coating - ATR
  • 3.4 Analysis of Video Tapes, Tires, and Black Samples
  • 3.4A IR spectra of tires (I) - Transmission
  • 3.4B IR spectra of tires (II) - ATR
  • 3.4C Layer structure of video tape (I) - ATR
  • 3.4D Layer structure of video tape (II) - PAS
  • 3.5 Analysis of Printed Substances
  • 3.5A Peeling of prints (I) - ATR
  • 3.5B Peeling of prints (II) - ATR
  • 4. Analysis of Fibers and Clothes
  • 4A Observation of silane coupling reagent bonded to surface of glass fiber (I) - Transmission
  • 4B Observation of silane coupling reagent bonded to surface of glass fiber (II) - KBr pellet
  • 4C Infrared dichroism of Kevlar fiber (I) - Microscope
  • 4D Infrared dichroism of Kevlar fiber (II) - PAS
  • 4E Surface treatment of fiber - ATR
  • 4F Hair treatment reagent - Micro-ATR
  • 5. Powder and Bulky Samples
  • 5.1 Diffuse Reflection
  • 5.1A Diffuse reflection of silica (I) - Particle size
  • 5.1B Diffuse reflection of silica (II) - Dilution effect
  • 5.1C IR spectra of adsorbent of catalyst - Diffuse reflection
  • 5.1D Silanol band of silica gel - Diffuse reflection
  • 5.1E Spot of thin layer Chromatograph - Diffuse reflection
  • 5.1F Analysis of liquid chromatography effluent - Diffuse reflection
  • 5.1G Analysis of photocopier toner - Diffuse reflection
  • 5.1H Quantitative analysis - Kubelka-Munk correction
  • 5.2 Photoacoustic-FTIR (PA-FTIR) Technique
  • 5.2A Surface coating of silica gel - PAS
  • 5.2B Surface coating of powder detergent - PAS
  • 6. Thin Films Formed on Solid Surfaces
  • 6.1 Laminate Films on Metal Plates
  • 6.1A Laminate film on the inner surface of aluminum can (I) - Specular reflection
  • 6.1B Laminate film on the inner surface of aluminum can (II) - ATR
  • 6.2 Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) Films
  • 6.2A LB film on metal plate (I) - Grazing angle IR-RAS
  • 6.2B LB film on metal plate (II) - Grazing angle IR-RAS
  • 6.2C LB film on CaF2 plate - Transmission
  • 6.2D LB film formed on silica plate (I) - External reflection
  • 6.2E LB film formed on silica plate (II) - External reflection
  • 6.2F LB film formed on silica plate (III) - External reflection
  • 6.3 Thin Oxide Layers Formed on Metal Surfaces
  • 6.3A Barrier type oxide on aluminum (I) - Grazing angle IR-RAS with KK analysis
  • 6.3B Barrier type oxide on aluminum (II) - Emission
  • 6.3C Barrier type oxide on aluminum (III) - ATR method
  • 6.3D Lubricant of low-density hard disk media - IR-RAS
  • 6.3E Lubricant of high-density hard disk media (I) - Grazing angle IR-RAS
  • 6.3F Lubricant of high-density hard disk media (II) - Grazing angle IR-RAS
  • 7. Liquid Samples
  • 7A Association of glycin oligomer - ATR
  • 7B Association of surfactant in water - ATR
  • 7C Difference spectroscopy and molecular interaction
  • 7D Interaction between polymer and organic acid in solution - Transmission
  • 7E Analysis of milk - ATR
  • 8. Biological Samples
  • 8 A IR spectra of bacteria - Transmission
  • 8B Denaturation of protein - Diffuse reflection
  • 8C Structure change by drawing SCMK - Transmission
  • 8D Pigment of butterfly wing - Diffuse reflection
  • 9. Analysis of Semiconducting and Superconducting Materials
  • 9.1 IR Spectra of Si and GaAs Wafers
  • 9.1A Absorption and reflection spectra of Si wafer (I)
  • 9.1B Absorption and reflection spectra of Si wafer (II)
  • 9.1C Removal of interference fringe pattern (I)
  • 9.1D Removal of interference fringe pattern (II)
  • 9.1E Impurities in Si wafer - Transmission
  • 9.1F SiO2 layer on surface of Si wafer (I) - ATR
  • 9.1G SiO2 layer on surface of Si wafer (II) - ATR
  • 9.2 IR Spectrum of a Superconductive Material
  • 9.2A Microspectroscopy of a super-conductive material - Microscope
  • 10. Hyphenated Techniques
  • 10.1 LC-FTIR Techniques
  • 10.1A GPC-FTIR analysis of poly(ethylene) additives
  • 10.1B Characterization of poly(propylene) by GPC-FTIR
  • 10.1C Characterization of poly(ethylene) by GPC-FTIR
  • 10.2 GC-FTIR Technique
  • 10.2A Pyrolysis GC-FTIR analysis of silane coupling reagent of glass fiber
  • 10.2B Supercritical fluid extraction GC-FTIR analysis of Basil
  • 10.3 TG-IR Technique
  • 10.3A Thermal decomposition study of aspertame
  • 10.3B Thermal decomposition of poly(vinyl chloride)
  • 11. Application of Data Handling Software
  • 11.1 Deconvolution
  • 11.1A Smoothing and difference spectroscopy method (Hannah method)
  • 11.1B Fourier deconvolution technique
  • 11.2 Derivative Spectra
  • 11.2A Fine structure analysis by derivative spectroscopy
  • 11.2B Study of isomer using derivative spectroscopy
  • 11.3 Simulation with Curve-Fitting
  • 11.4 Kramers-Kronig Analysis
  • 11.4 A Assignment of plastics
  • 11.4B Surface coating of organic lens
  • 11.4C Absorption spectrum of intractable sample (ß-SiC)
  • 11.5 Chemometrics
  • 11.5A Determination of gasoline octane number
  • 11.5B Grouping and trend analysis by factor analysis
  • 11.5C Obtaining pure spectra from mixture
  • A Diagram to Classify Polymers by IR Spectra
  • Index

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