Karl Popper and the Two New Secrets of Life

Including Karl Popper's Medawar Lecture 1986 and Three Related Texts
 
 
Mohr Siebeck (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen im Juli 2014
  • |
  • VII, 157 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-16-153455-3 (ISBN)
 
The story of how humans and all living things came into existence is told in two widely believed versions: the Book of Genesis and Darwin's Origin of Species. It was the philosopher Karl Popper who presented us with a third story, no less important. His New Interpretation of Darwinism denies the creative power of blind chance and natural selection and establishes knowledge and activity of all living beings as the real driving forces of evolution. Thus, spiritual elements are back in the theory of evolution, and in Popper's view "the entire evolution is an adventure of the mind." In this book, Hans-Joachim Niemann establishes Karl Popper as an eminent philosopher of biology. In the first chapter, biographical details are unearthed concerning how Popper's biological interests were inspired by a biological meeting in the old windmill at Hunstanton in 1936. The second chapter focusses on the year 1986 when Popper, in several lectures, summarized the results of his life-long biological thinking. The most important of these, the Medawar Lecture given at the Royal Society London, was lost for a long time and is now printed in the Appendix. A new world view begins to emerge that is completely different from Creationism or Darwinism. Twenty years after Popper's death, the last chapter looks back on his biological thoughts in the light of new results of molecular biology. His attack at that time on long-lasting dogmas of evolutionary theory turned out to be largely justified. The new biology seems even well suited to support Popper's endeavour to overcome the gloomy aspects of Darwinism that have made organisms passive parts of a machinery of deadly competition. Neither blind chance nor natural selection are the creative forces of all life, but rather knowledge and activity. How they came into existence is still a secret and a worthwhile research programme.
 
The story of how humans and all living things came into existence is told in two widely believed versions: the Book of Genesis and Darwin's Origin of Species. It was the philosopher Karl Popper who presented us with a third story, no less important. His New Interpretation of Darwinism denies the creative power of blind chance and natural selection and establishes knowledge and activity of all living beings as the real driving forces of evolution. Thus, spiritual elements are back in the theory of evolution, and in Popper's view "the entire evolution is an adventure of the mind."In this book, Hans-Joachim Niemann establishes Karl Popper as an eminent philosopher of biology. In the first chapter, biographical details are unearthed concerning how Popper's biological interests were inspired by a biological meeting in the old windmill at Hunstanton in 1936. The second chapter focusses on the year 1986 when Popper, in several lectures, summarized the results of his life-long biological thinking. The most important of these, the Medawar Lecture given at the Royal Society London, was lost for a long time and is now printed in the Appendix. A new world view begins to emerge that is completely different from Creationism or Darwinism.Twenty years after Popper's death, the last chapter looks back on his biological thoughts in the light of new results of molecular biology. His attack at that time on long-lasting dogmas of evolutionary theory turned out to be largely justified. The new biology seems even well suited to support Popper's endeavour to overcome the gloomy aspects of Darwinism that have made organisms passive parts of a machinery of deadly competition. Neither blind chance nor natural selection are the creative forces of all life, but rather knowledge and activity. How they came into existence is still a secret and a worthwhile research programme.
  • Englisch
  • Tübingen
  • |
  • Deutschland
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 2,22 MB
978-3-16-153455-3 (9783161534553)
10.1628/978-3-16-153455-3
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Tobias Herbst
Geboren 1963; Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Würzburg; 2002 Promotion; 2010 Habilitation; seither Lehrstuhlvertretungen in Augsburg, Bielefeld und Frankfurt am Main, zugleich Privatdozent an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
  • Cover
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Chapter I. Karl Popper, Hunstanton Windmill, and the Beginnings of Molecular Biology
  • 1. The Old and the New Secrets of Life
  • 2. Karl Popper's Medawar Lecture 1986
  • 3. In Search of a Better World: Popper in England 1935/1936
  • 4. The Old Windmill at Hunstanton and Popper's Path into Biology
  • 5. The 1936 Meeting of the Theoretical Biology Club
  • 6. The Biologists of the Club
  • Joseph Henry Woodger (1894-1981)
  • John Desmond Bernal (1901-1971)
  • Dorothy Hodgkin (1910-1994)
  • Dorothy Wrinch (1894-1976)
  • John B. S. Haldane (1882-1964)
  • Berthold (Berti) Wiesner (1901-1972)
  • Conrad Hal Waddington (1905-1975)
  • Lancelot L. Whyte (1896-1972)
  • Joseph Needham (1900-1995)
  • 7. Hunstanton Windmill after 1956: Myer Head Salaman
  • Chapter II. All Organisms Influence Their Own Evolution
  • 8. Writing the Medawar Lecture in the Turbulent Year of 1986
  • 9. The March Lecture: 'An Advanced Development of Darwin's Theory'
  • 10. The April Lecture on Evolutionary Epistemology
  • 11. Popper's Medawar Lecture at the Royal Society London
  • 12. The Long Road to Getting the Medawar Lecture Published
  • 13. The Clash with Nobel Prize Winner Max Perutz
  • 14. 'Based on' versus 'Explained by'
  • 15. Emergence: Inventions without an Inventor
  • 16. A Silent Jubilee: Fifty Years of Thinking about Life and Evolution
  • Chapter III. Two New Secrets of Life: The Origin of Knowledge and Activity
  • 17. Do Plants Have Knowledge?
  • 18. Popper's 'Lamarckism and DNA'
  • 19. The Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
  • 20. The Distinction between Knowledge and Information
  • 21. Crick's Central Dogma Unravelled
  • 22. The Fall of the Central Dogma
  • 23. The Second New Secret of Life: Will or 'Real Activity'
  • 24. Natural Selection Creates Nothing: Popper's Thought Experiment
  • 25. In the Centre of Real Activity: Popper's GE-System
  • 26. The Chemical Origin of Real Activity
  • 27. Will as a Network of Propensities
  • 28. The Brutal Logic of Natural Selection Debrutalized
  • Appendix: Four Texts by Karl Popper
  • A. Karl Raimund Popper: A New Interpretation of Darwinism. The First Medawar Lecture (1986)
  • Editorial Remarks
  • B. Karl Popper: 'Lamarckism and DNA' (1973)
  • Further comments
  • C. Karl Popper: 'A World without Natural Selection but with Problem Solving'
  • D. Karl Popper: 'Letter to a Friend' (1989)
  • I. The present view
  • II. Putting nucleic acids into their place!
  • [Postscript 23 December 1989]
  • Bibliography
  • Acknowledgements
  • Index of Names
  • Index of Subjects

Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Bitte beachten Sie bei der Verwendung der Lese-Software Adobe Digital Editions: wir empfehlen Ihnen unbedingt nach Installation der Lese-Software diese mit Ihrer persönlichen Adobe-ID zu autorisieren!

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Download (sofort verfügbar)

39,00 €
inkl. 7% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
PDF mit Adobe-DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book bestellen