Manual of Fertilizer Processing

 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 24. Oktober 2018
  • |
  • 544 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-351-43385-3 (ISBN)
 
This Manual of Fertilizer Processing, which is the fifth volume of the Fertilizer Science and Technology series. Francis (Frank) T. Nielsson, the editor of the book, has over 40 years of experience in the fertilizer industry, ranging from ammonia manufacture to the extraction of uranium from phosphoric acid, but he is best known for his work with compound or "mixed" fertilizers-fertilizers that contain two or more of the primary plant nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Compound fertilizers also may contain one or more of the ten other elements that are essential to plant growth.
  • Englisch
  • Boca Raton
  • |
  • USA
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
978-1-351-43385-3 (9781351433853)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Mr. Nielsson is a long-time member of the Board of Directors of the Fertilizer Industry Round Table and was chairman of that group in 1979 and 1980. He is also active in the American Chemical Society's Division of Fertilizer and Soil Chemistry, and in 1983 he received that Division's Award of Merit.
  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Contributors
  • Table of Contents
  • 1: Outlook, Concepts, Definitions, and Scientific Organizations for the Fertilizer Industry
  • Outlook for the Fertilizer Industry
  • General Concepts and Definitions
  • Fertilizer Technology-Related Organizations
  • References
  • 2: Nitrogen
  • Naphtha as a Feedstock for Ammonia
  • Nitrogen Solutions
  • 3: Phosphate Rock
  • Introduction
  • Geology and Rock Characteristics
  • World Phosphate Rock Supply-Demand
  • Major Producers
  • Resources
  • Mining and Beneficiation Methods
  • References
  • 4: Potash Mining and Refining
  • Historical Background
  • Mining
  • Refining
  • Analytical Methods
  • References
  • Additional Reading
  • 5: Thermal Phosphate
  • General Description
  • Fused Magnesium Phosphate (FMP)
  • Calcined Phosphate
  • References
  • 6: Production of Single Superphosphate with a TVA Cone Mixer and Belt Den
  • Preparation of Raw Materials
  • Conditioning of Raw Materials
  • Material Metering
  • TVA Mixing Cone
  • 7: The Sackett Super-Flo Process
  • Development of Super-Flo Process
  • Sackett Super-Flo Today
  • 8: Wet-Process Phosphoric Acid Production
  • Dihydrate Process for Producing WPA
  • Chemical Nature of WPA
  • Effects of WPA Impurities on Fertilizer Grade
  • Appendix: Further Reading
  • 9: Granulation
  • Formulation
  • Mixer Reactions
  • Nutrient and Material Balances
  • Appendix: Equipment Specifications: Granulation Unit-Typical Medium-Sized Plant
  • 10: Diammonium Phosphate Plants and Processes
  • Plants and Processes
  • TVA Process for Production of DAP from Wet Process Phosphoric Acid and Ammonia
  • Preneutralization
  • Ammoniator-Granulators
  • Drying
  • Cooling
  • Sizing
  • Refinements and Variations in the Production of Diammonium Phosphate
  • 115-Ton-Per-Hour DAP Plant
  • Modern, Flexible DAP-NPK Combination Granulation Plant
  • 11: Review of the Production of Monoammonium Phosphate
  • Processes for Production of Granular MAP
  • Processes for Production of Nongranular MAP
  • Use of MAP in the Production of Granular NPK Fertilizer
  • Formation of Citrate-Insoluble P2O5
  • References
  • 12: Granulation Using the Pipe-Cross Reactor
  • Production of NPKS Grades
  • Production of Monoammonium Phosphate
  • Production of Diammonium Phosphate
  • Summary
  • References
  • 13: Bulk Blending
  • Background
  • Plant Design
  • Quality Control
  • Outlook
  • References
  • 14: Dry Bulk Blending in the Americas
  • History
  • Acceptance
  • Raw Materials
  • Mixing
  • Bagging
  • Production Planning
  • Ferquido-A Case History
  • References
  • 15: The Norsk Hydro Nitrophosphate Process
  • Introduction
  • The Norsk Hydro NPK-Process
  • Process Control
  • Materials of Construction
  • Product Quality with Particular Reference to Bulk Transportation
  • Self-Sustaining Decomposition
  • The Production Cost of Nitrophosphate NPK
  • References
  • 16: Controlled Release Nitrogen Fertilizers
  • Introduction
  • Ureaform
  • Sulfur-Coated Urea
  • Isobutylidenediurea (IBDU)
  • Polymer-Coated Fertilizers
  • Processed Natural Organic Fertilizers
  • Products Containing Soluble Methyleneureas
  • Urea-Formaldehyde Solutions and Suspensions
  • Summary
  • References
  • 17: Fluid Fertilizer
  • Introduction
  • Anhydrous Ammonia
  • Aqua Ammonia
  • Nonpressure Nitrogen Solutions
  • Fluid Mixtures
  • Summary
  • References
  • 18: Environmental Regulations
  • Fluoride Emission
  • Particulate Emissions
  • Sulfuric Acid Plant Emissions
  • Emission Control Equipment
  • Water
  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
  • Environmental Sampling
  • Regulatory Requirements Outside of the United States
  • References
  • 19: Concentrated Superphosphate: Manufacturing Processes
  • Chemistry and Reaction Variations
  • History and Process Development
  • Summary of General Processing Conditions
  • Processing Aids and Conditioners
  • References
  • Index

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