The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Ancient Israel

 
 
Wiley-Blackwell (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 14. Oktober 2015
  • |
  • 568 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-118-77402-1 (ISBN)
 
The Companion to Ancient Israel offers an innovative overview of ancient Israelite culture and history, richly informed by a variety of approaches and fields. Distinguished scholars provide original contributions that explore the tradition in all its complexity, multiplicity and diversity.
* A methodologically sophisticated overview of ancient Israelite culture that provides insights into political and social history, culture, and methodology
* Explores what we can say about the cultures and history of the people of Israel and Judah, but also investigates how we know what we know
* Presents fresh insights, richly informed by a variety of approaches and fields
* Delves into 'religion as lived,' an approach that asks about the everyday lives of ordinary people and the material cultures that they construct and experience
* Each essay is an original contribution to the subject
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • Hoboken
  • |
  • Großbritannien
John Wiley & Sons
  • 2,39 MB
978-1-118-77402-1 (9781118774021)
1118774027 (1118774027)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Susan Niditch is Samuel Green Professor of Religion at Amherst College. Her research and teaching interests include the study of ancient Israelite literature from the perspectives of the comparative and interdisciplinary fields of folklore and oral studies; biblical ethics with special interests in war, gender, and the body; the reception history of the Bible; and study of the rich symbolic media of biblical ritual texts. Recent publications include Judges: A Commentary (2008)and My Brother Esau Is a Hairy Man: Hair and Identity in Ancient Israel (2008). Her current project deals with personal religion and late biblical literature.
Notes on Contributors ix
Acknowledgments xv
Editor's Introduction 1
Part I Methodology: Questions, Concepts, Approaches, and Tools 9
A Contextualizing Israelite Culture
1 Archaeology:What It Can Teach Us 13
Elizabeth Bloch-Smith
2 Israel in Its Neighboring Context 28
Song-Mi Suzie Park
3 Ancient Egypt and Israel: History, Culture, and the Biblical Text 47
John R. Huddlestun
4 Text and Context in Biblical Studies: A Brief History of a Troubled Relationship 67
Steven Weitzman
B Hebrew Bible and Tracking Israelite History and Culture
5 Folklore and Israelite Tradition: Appreciation and Application 87
Susan Niditch
6 The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: Sources, Compositional Layers, and Other Revisions 103
David M. Carr
7 Linguistics and the Dating of Biblical Literature 118
Ohad Cohen
8 Epigraphy:Writing Culture in the Iron Age Levant 131
Christopher A. Rollston
Part II Political History 151
A Origins
9 The Emergence of Israel and Theories of Ethnogenesis 155
Avraham Faust
B Monarchic Period
10 The Early Monarchy and the Stories of Saul, David, and Solomon 177
Brad E. Kelle
11 The Divided Monarchy 197
J. J.M. Roberts
C Postmonarchic Period: In the Land and Diaspora
12 (Re)Defining "Israel": The Legacy of the Neo-Babylonian and Persian Periods 215
Charles E. Carter
13 The Hellenistic Period 241
Matthew J. Goff
Part III Themes in Israelite Culture 257
A God and Gods
14 The Gods of Israel in Comparative Ancient Near Eastern Context 261
Neal Walls
15 Monotheism and the Redefinition of Divinity in Ancient Israel 278
Mark S. Smith
B Mediation: Gods and Humans
16 Priests and Ritual 297
S. A. Geller
17 Prophecy 317
Robert R.Wilson
18 Apocalypticism 333
John J. Collins
C Social Interaction
19 Religion at Home: The Materiality of Practice 347
Francesca Stavrakopoulou
20 Education and the Transmission of Tradition 366
Raymond F. Person, Jr
21 Kinship, Community, and Society 379
T. M. Lemos
22 Law and Legal Literature 396
Bernard M. Levinson and Tina M. Sherman
23 Women's Lives 415
Carol Meyers
24 Economy and Society in Iron Age Israel and Judah: An Archaeological Perspective 433
J. David Schloen
D Artistic Expression
25 Verbal Art and Literary Sensibilities in Ancient Near Eastern Context 457
Edward L. Greenstein
26 The Flowering of Literature in the Persian Period: The Writings/Ketuvim 476
Tamara Cohn Eskenazi
27 Hellenistic Period Literature in the Land of Israel 493
Benjamin G.Wright III
28 Art and Iconography: Representing Yahwistic Divinity 510
Theodore J. Lewis
Index 535

Notes on Contributors


Elizabeth Bloch-Smith is an archaeologist who has unearthed the lived cultures of the ancient Levant, including ancient Israel. Her publications include Judahite Burial Practices and Beliefs about the Dead and articles on Tel Dor, the goddess Astarte, Israelite religion, the role of material culture in transmitting notions of gender, and archaeological contributions to biblical studies. She has excavated in Israel, Cyprus, Turkey, Tunisia, and Connecticut.

David M. Carr is Professor of Old Testament at Union Theological Seminary in New York. He is the author of Introduction to the Old Testament: Sacred Texts and Imperial Contexts (2010), The Formation of the Hebrew Bible (2011) and, most recently, Holy Resilience: The Bible's Traumatic Origins.

Charles E. Carter is Professor of Religion at Seton Hall University in South Orange, NJ. In addition to Hebrew Bible and New Testament, his teaching and research interests are archaeology, environmental studies, and religion and film. He was the Catholic Biblical Society Visiting Scholar at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome and the École Biblique in Jerusalem in 2002-3 and a Pew Scholar in the Carnegie Academy for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in 1999-2000. He chaired the Department of Religion from 1999 to 2009. From 2009 to 2014, he served as Associate Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.

Ohad Cohen is a Semitic linguist and Hebrew Bible scholar. In his book The Verbal Tense System in Late Biblical Hebrew Prose (2013), he offered a systematic structural analysis of the verb in late Biblical Hebrew prose. In his recent publications he has conceptualized new ways to deal with some classical debates on the meaning of Biblical Hebrew verbal forms.

John J. Collins is Holmes Professor of Old Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Yale University. He has written widely on apocalyptic literature and the Dead Sea Scrolls. His most recent book is The Oxford Handbook of Apocalyptic Literature (2014). He has been president of the Catholic Biblical Association (1997) and president of the Society of Biblical Literature (2002), and is currently general editor of the Anchor Bible Series for Yale University Press.

Tamara Cohn Eskenazi is The Effie Wise Ochs Professor of Biblical Literature and History at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Los Angeles. Her publications include In an Age of Prose: A Literary Approach to Ezra-Nehemiah and The JPS Bible Commentary: Ruth (National Jewish Book Award in Women's Studies, 2011). She is senior editor of The Torah: A Women's Commentary, winner of the National Jewish Book of the Year Award in 2008, and recipient of a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship for work on women's lives in the Persian period.

Avraham Faust is Professor of Archaeology at the Martin (Szusz) Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, Bar-Ilan University, Israel. He is the author of numerous books and articles covering various aspects of Israel's archaeology from the Early Bronze Age to the Byzantine period, with a special focus on Iron Age societies. He is currently directing the excavations at Tel 'Eton.

S. A. Geller is the Irma Cameron Milstein Professor of Hebrew Bible at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. He has also taught at York University in Toronto, Dropsie College in Philadelphia, and Brandeis University in Waltham, MA. He has worked in the field of biblical poetry and religion, and has published books and numerous articles in these areas, among them Sacred Enigmas: Literary Religion in the Hebrew Bible (1996) and, most recently, studies on the role of nature in biblical religion and other topics. He is currently completing a commentary on the Book of Psalms.

Matthew J. Goff is an Associate Professor in the Department of Religion at Florida State University. His research interests include the Dead Sea Scrolls and wisdom literature. His most recent book is 4QInstruction: A Commentary (2013).

Edward L. Greenstein is Meiser Professor of Biblical Studies and Director of the Institute for Jewish Biblical Interpretation at Bar-Ilan University, Israel. He has edited the Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society since 1974 and has published widely in ancient Near Eastern and biblical studies. Recipient of numerous fellowships, he completed the essay in the present volume while a visiting senior research fellow at the Herzl Institute, Jerusalem.

John R. Huddlestun is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the College of Charleston. He has published on the relationship of ancient Israel to Egypt, especially on conceptions of the River Nile. Prior to his career in academia, Professor Huddlestun worked as a professional musician, living in southern Europe and Israel.

Brad E. Kelle, Professor of Old Testament and Director of the M.A. in Religion Program at Point Loma Nazarene University, has served as the Chair of the Society of Biblical Literature's Warfare in Ancient Israel Consultation (2004-6) and Section (2007-12). He has written or edited a variety of works on ancient Israel, including Ancient Israel at War 853-586 BC (2007) and Biblical History and Israel's Past: The Changing Study of the Bible and History (co-authored with Megan Bishop Moore, 2011).

T. M. Lemos is Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible at Huron University College at Western University, Ontario. She has published in the areas of Israelite marriage customs, social structure, impurity practices, masculinity, and violence.

Bernard M. Levinson serves as Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies and of Law at the University of Minnesota, where he holds the Berman Family Chair in Jewish Studies and Hebrew Bible. His research focuses on biblical and cuneiform law, textual reinterpretation in the Second Temple period, and the relation of the Bible to Western intellectual history. The interdisciplinary significance of his work has been recognized with appointments to major national and international research institutes.

Theodore J. Lewis holds the Blum-Iwry Professorship in Near Eastern Studies at The Johns Hopkins University. He specializes in Northwest Semitic languages and religions, is general editor of the book series Writings from the Ancient World and past editor of the journals Near Eastern Archaeology and Hebrew Annual Review. He is the author of Cults of the Dead in Ancient Israel and Ugarit, and co-author of Ugaritic Narrative Poetry and is currently writing The Religion of Ancient Israel for the Yale Anchor Bible Reference Library series for which he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Carol Meyers, the Mary Grace Wilson Professor of Religious Studies at Duke University, has lectured and published widely in biblical studies and archaeology. She co-edited Women in Scripture, a comprehensive look at all biblical women; and her latest book, Rediscovering Eve (2013), is a landmark study of women in ancient Israel. She has been a frequent consultant for media productions and has served as president of the Society of Biblical Literature.

Susan Niditch is the Samuel Green Professor of Religion at Amherst College. Her research and teaching on the cultures of ancient Israel draw upon the fields of folklore and oral studies and reflect particular interests in war, gender, the body and lived religion. Her most recent book is The Responsive Self: Personal Religion in Biblical Literature of the Neo-Babylonian and Persian Periods.

Song-Mi Suzie Park is Assistant Professor of Old Testament at Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Austin, Texas. Her main research interests center on the literary and theological interpretations of the Hebrew Bible, especially concerning the politics of identity. The author of Hezekiah and the Dialogue of Memory (2015) and several articles, she is currently at work on a feminist commentary on the Book of 2 Kings.

Raymond F. Person, Jr is Professor of Religion at Ohio Northern University. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including The Deuteronomic History and the Book of Chronicles: Scribal Works in an Oral World (2010) and Deuteronomy and Environmental Amnesia (2014).

J. J. M. Roberts is Princeton Theological Seminary's W. H. Green Professor of Old Testament Literature Emeritus, retired after 25 years in that position. Prior to that he taught in the Near Eastern departments at the University of Toronto and The Johns Hopkins University, and the Department of Religion at Dartmouth College. He served on the New Revised Standard Version committee, on a number of editorial boards, and has published widely.

Christopher A. Rollston is a historian of the ancient Near East, with primary focus on Northwest Semitic epigraphy of the First and Second Temple periods, scribal education, writing and literacy in antiquity, Hebrew Bible, and law and diplomacy in the ancient Near East. He works in more than a dozen ancient and modern languages. He holds the MA and PhD from The Johns Hopkins University and is currently the Associate Professor of Northwest Semitic Languages and Literatures in the Department of Classical and Near Eastern Languages at George Washington University. He is the editor of the journal Maarav, the co-editor of the Bulletin of...

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