Abbildung von: Great American Transit Disaster - University of Chicago Press

Great American Transit Disaster

A Century of Austerity, Auto-Centric Planning, and White Flight
University of Chicago Press
1. Auflage
Erschienen am 3. Mai 2023
368 Seiten
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978-0-226-82441-3 (ISBN)
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A potent re-examination of America's history of public disinvestment in mass transit. Many a scholar and policy analyst has lamented American dependence on cars and the corresponding lack of federal investment in public transportation throughout the latter decades of the twentieth century. But as Nicholas Dagen Bloom shows in The Great American Transit Disaster, our transit networks are so bad for a very simple reason: we wanted it this way. Focusing on Baltimore, Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Boston, and San Francisco, Bloom provides overwhelming evidence that transit disinvestment was a choice rather than destiny. He pinpoints three major factors that led to the decline of public transit in the United States: municipal austerity policies that denied most transit agencies the funding to sustain high-quality service; the encouragement of auto-centric planning; and white flight from dense city centers to far-flung suburbs. As Bloom makes clear, these local public policy decisions were not the product of a nefarious auto industry or any other grand conspiracy-all were widely supported by voters, who effectively shut out options for transit-friendly futures. With this book, Bloom seeks not only to dispel our accepted transit myths but hopefully to lay new tracks for today's conversations about public transportation funding.
  • Intro
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Pre-World War II
  • Part I. Urban Transit Rise and Decline
  • Chapter 1. Baltimore: City Leaders versus Private Transit
  • Chapter 2. Chicago: A Limited Public Commitment to Transit
  • Chapter 3. Boston: Reverse Engineering Public Transit
  • The Postwar Transit Disaster, 1945 to 1980
  • Part II. Unsubsidized Private Transit
  • Chapter 4. Baltimore: Urban Crisis, Race, and Private Transit Collapse
  • Chapter 5. Atlanta: Race, Transit, and the Sunbelt Boom
  • Part III. "Pay as You Go" Public Transit
  • Chapter 6. Chicago: The Failure of "Pay as You Go" Public Transit
  • Chapter 7. Detroit: Racism and America's Worst Big-City Transit
  • Part IV. Public Transit That Worked Better
  • Chapter 8. Boston Pioneers Public Regional Transit
  • Chapter 9. San Francisco: Deeply Subsidized Public Transit
  • Conclusion: Beyond Transit Fatalism
  • Acknowledgments
  • Notes
  • Index

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