Islamist Terrorism in Europe

Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 1. September 2018
  • |
  • 410 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-093470-5 (ISBN)
Europe is still facing an increase in terrorist plotting. This has led to growing security concerns over the fallout of the Syrian conflict, and the sizeable contingents of battle-hardened European foreign fighters, who are seeking to return home. This book provides a comprehensive account of the rise of jihadist militancy in Europe and offers a detailed background for understanding the current and future threat. Based on a wide range of new primary sources, it traces the phenomenon back to the late 1980s, and the formation of jihadist support networks in Europe in the early 1990s. Combining analytical rigor with empirical richness, Petter Nesser offers a comprehensive account of patterns of terrorist cell formation and plots between 1995 and 2017. In contrast to existing research which has emphasized social explanations, failed immigration and homegrown radicalism, this book highlights the transnational aspects. It shows how jihadi terrorism in Europe is intrinsically linked to and reflects the ideological agendas of armed organizations in conflict zones, and how entrepreneurial jihad-veterans facilitate such trans-nationalization of militancy.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 4,63 MB
978-0-19-093470-5 (9780190934705)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Petter Nesser is a senior research fellow with the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI). Trained in Social Science, Middle Eastern Studies and Arabic, Nesser has conducted extensive research on jihadism in Europe for more than a decade, focusing on motivational drivers, recruitment and radicalisation processes.
1. Introduction Main question Terminology Existing research Aims and scope Method Sources Argument and outline Chronology of serious terrorist plots since 1995 2. Background Arab Afghans Al-Qaida's central organization The Afghanistan training camps From Arab alliance to multi-national network The ideology of global jihad The emergence of jihadism in Europe Geography of jihadism in Europe Mobilization and radicalization Summary 3. The Algeria factor Civil war and armed groups Leadership and radicalization The France attacks The Bosnia counterfactual The GIA heritage in Europe 4. Between local struggle and global jihad Al-Qaida's plans for Europe From support network to terrorist cell The Frankfurt cell The Beghal network Tawhid Chechen network Target Europe 5. The Iraq effect Al-Qaida's Iraq strategy Europe as enemy for al-Qaida Recruitment for the Iraqi jihad From recruitment to terrorist plotting M-11 Hofstadgroup Enter new actors and drivers 6. The Pakistan axis Pakistan's jihadist landscape Pakistani militants and al-Qaida The Pakistan-Europe trail Waziristan and Europe plots Crawley group 7/7 Airliner plot Towards multi-nationalism; The 21/7 counterfactual 7. The new al-Qaida Mohammed cartoons Al-Qaida in Northern Europe Glasvej cell Suitcase bombers Sauerland cell Doctors cell The Jihadist threat to Western Europe since 2008 8. Conclusion: Decoding jihad in Europe The scale of the phenomenon Cell characteristics Individual characteristics Patterns of recruitment and radicalization Motivations Individual motivation Group motivation implications 9. Sources Press sources Judicial documents Books, Reports, articles Jihadist sources Databases Expert Interviews Miscellaneous

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