The Oxford Handbook of Moral Responsibility

 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 24. Januar 2022
  • |
  • 656 Seiten
 
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978-0-19-067931-6 (ISBN)
 
The Oxford Handbook of Moral Responsibility is a collection of 33 articles by leading international scholars on the topic of moral responsibility and its main forms, praiseworthiness and blameworthiness. The articles in the volume provide a comprehensive survey on scholarship on this topic since 1960, with a focus on the past three decades. Articles address the nature of moral responsibility - whether it is fundamentally a matter of deserved blame and praise, or whether it is grounded anticipated good consequences, such as moral education and formation, or whether there are different kinds of moral responsibility. They examine responsibility for both actions and omissions, whether responsibility comes in degrees, and whether groups such as corporations can be responsible. The traditional debates about moral responsibility focus on the threats posed from causal determinism, and from the absence of the ability to do otherwise that may result. The articles in this volume build on these arguments and appraise the most recent developments in these debates. Philosophical reflection on the personal relationships and moral responsibility has been especially intense over the past two decades, and several articles reflect this development. Other chapters take up the link between blameworthiness and attitudes such as moral resentment and indignation, while others explore the role that forgiveness and reconciliation play in personal relationships and responsibility. The range of articles in this volume look at moral responsibility from a range of perspectives and disciplines, explaining how physics, neuroscience, and psychological research on topics such as addiction and implicit bias illuminate the ways and degrees to which we might be responsible.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
978-0-19-067931-6 (9780190679316)
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Dana Kay Nelkin (Ph.D. UCLA) is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego, and Affiliate Professor at the University of San Diego School of Law. Her areas of research include moral psychology, ethics, bioethics, and philosophy of law. She is the author of Making Sense of Freedom and Responsibility, and co-editor of the The Ethics and Law of Omissions. Her work in moral psychology includes participation in an interdisciplinary research collaboration of philosophers and psychologists, The Moral Judgements Project. Derk Pereboom (Ph.D. UCLA) is the Susan Linn Sage Professor in the Philosophy Department at Cornell University and Senior Associate Dean for Arts and Humanities in Cornell's College of Arts and Sciences. His areas of research include free will and moral responsibility, philosophy of mind, early modern philosophy, especially Kant, and philosophy of religion. He is the author of Living without Free Will, Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism, Free Will, Agency, and Meaning in Life, and he is co-author with Michael McKenna of Free Will: A Contemporary Introduction. He has published articles on free will and moral responsibility, consciousness and physicalism, nonreductive materialism, divine providence, the problem of evil, and on Kant's metaphysics and epistemology.
Introduction Dana Kay Nelkin and Derk Pereboom I. Theories of Responsibility 1. Instrumentalist Theories of Responsibility Manuel Vargas 2. Reasons-Responsiveness, Frankfurt Examples, and the Free Will Ability Michael McKenna 3. Attributionist Theories of Responsibility Matthew Talbert II. Kinds of Responsibility 4. Attributability, Answerability, and Accountability: On Different Kinds of Moral Responsibility Sofia Jeppsson III. Dimensions of Responsibility 5. Responsibility for Acts and Omissions Randolph Clarke 6. Degrees of Responsibility Justin Coates 7. Group Responsibility Christian List IV. Determinism and the Ability to Do Otherwise 8. Moral Responsibility, Alternative Possibilities, and Frankfurt Examples Derk Pereboom 9. Manipulation Arguments against Compatibilism Derk Pereboom and Michael McKenna V. Skepticism 10. Illusionism Saul Smilansky 11. Free Will Skepticism and Criminal Justice: The Public Health-Quarantine Model Gregg D. Caruso 12. Metaskepticism Tamler Sommers VI. Blame 13. Blame and Holding Responsible Angela Smith 14. Responsibility and the Reactive Attitudes R. Jay Wallace 15. Response-Dependence Accounts of Blameworthiness David Shoemaker VII. Responsibility, Knowledge, and Causation 16. Ethics is Hard! What Follows? On Moral Ignorance and Blame Elizabeth Harman 17. Responsibility and Causation Carolina Sartorio VIII. Responsibility, Law, and Justice 18. Responsibility, Punishment, and Predominant Retributivism David Brink 19. Legal Responsibility: Psychopathy, a Case Study Elizabeth Shaw 20. Responsibility and Distributive Justice Richard Arneson IX. Responsibility, Neuroscience, and Psychology 21. Responsibility and Neuroscience Alfred R. Mele 22. Responsibility and Consciousness Peter Carruthers and Matt King 23. Responsibility and Situationism Brandon Warmke 24. Experimental Philosophy and Moral Responsibility Gunnar Björnsson X. Responsibility, Relationships, and Meaning in Life 25. Moral Responsibility and Existential Attitudes Paul Russell 26. Relationships and Responsibility Dana Kay Nelkin 27. Responsibility, Personal Relationships, and the Significance of the Reactive Attitudes Seth Shabo 28. Forgiveness Per-Erik Milam 29. Reconciliation and he End of Responsibility Linda Radzik 30. Responsibility and Religion Dan Speak XI. Case Studies 31. Moral Responsibility in the Context of Addiction Doug McConnell 32. Moral Responsibility for Implicit Bias and the Impact of Social Categorization Maureen Sie 33. Atrocity, Evil, and Responsibility John Doris and Dominic Murphy

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