Complications in Neurosurgery E-Book

 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 12. September 2018
  • |
  • 424 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-323-51050-9 (ISBN)
 

Learn from key leaders in the field of neurosurgery with the practical guidance presented in this first-of-its-kind resource. Complications in Neurosurgery uses a case-based format to explore complications across the full range of commonly performed neurosurgical procedures. As you review dozens of up-to-date, real-life cases, you'll become better equipped to identify pitfalls ahead of time and have the knowledge to handle difficult situations that arise during surgery.

  • Presents commonly encountered cases provided by experienced neurosurgeons in all areas of this challenging specialty.
  • Includes high-quality photographs, images, and dynamic video to ensure complete visual understanding of the procedures.
  • Uses a consistent, easy-to-read format throughout, covering a wide range of surgeries including general neurosurgery and cranial complications, as well as spinal and peripheral complications.
  • Numerous videos depict possible complications for each type of surgery; for example, Complications of Cerebral Bypass Surgery includes videos showing how to obtain venous hemostasis without risking injury to the STA, how to manage atheroma within the donor vessel, and how to manage intraoperative occlusion of the bypass.
  • Englisch
  • Philadelphia
  • |
  • USA
  • 27,56 MB
978-0-323-51050-9 (9780323510509)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Inside Front Cover
  • Half title page
  • Dedication
  • Complications in Neurosurgery
  • Copyright Page
  • Table Of Contents
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • List of Contributors
  • Video Contents
  • 1 General Neurosurgery
  • 1 Historical Perspective
  • References
  • 2 Informed Consent and Medicolegal Aspects of Neurosurgery
  • The History of Informed Consent
  • The Legal Doctrine of Informed Consent
  • The Ethical Basis of Informed Consent
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 3 Wrong Side Craniotomy and Wrong Level Spine Surgery "Res Ipsa Loquitor"
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Is an Explanation Plausible?
  • Lessons From the Aviation Industry
  • Strategies to Avoid Wrong-Side Craniotomy
  • Strategies to Avoid Wrong-Level Spine Surgery
  • Future Directions
  • References
  • 4 Medical Complications in Neurosurgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Definition and Classification Scheme
  • Thromboembolic Complications: Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
  • Pulmonary Complications
  • Nosocomial Infections
  • Cardiac Complications
  • Renal Complications
  • Gastrointestinal Complications
  • Other Complications
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 5 Surgical Complications in Neurosurgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Complications in Cranial Surgery
  • Cerebral Edema
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage
  • Cerebral Infarction
  • Seizures
  • Neurologic Deficits
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistula
  • Infectious Complications
  • Complications in Spine Surgery
  • Neurologic Deficits
  • Vascular Injury and Hemorrhage
  • Dural Tears and Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistula
  • Hardware Failure in Spinal Instrumentation
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 6 Venous Injuries and Cerebral Edema in Cranial Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Incidence of Venous Injury and Its Sequelae
  • Consequences of Venous Injury
  • Types of Postoperative Venous Complications
  • Acute Decompensated Venous Injury
  • Acute Compensated Venous Injury
  • Chronic Venous Insufficiency
  • Factors Influencing the Outcome of a Venous Injury
  • Age
  • Extent of Anastomotic Channels
  • Brain Retraction
  • Perioperative Blood Pressure Changes
  • Anatomic Considerations for the Venous System
  • The Dural Venous Sinuses
  • The Bridging Veins
  • The Cortical Veins
  • Surgical Strategy: Make Venous Preservation an Aim
  • References
  • 7 Postoperative Hematoma in Cranial and Spinal Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • The Cranial Perspective
  • Location of Postoperative Hemorrhage
  • Analysis of Causative Factors
  • Timing of Occurrence of Postoperative Hemorrhage and Overall Outcome
  • Strategies-Preventive and Treatment
  • The Spinal Perspective
  • Incidence of Postoperative Symptomatic Spinal Epidural Hematoma
  • Risk Factors for Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematoma
  • Diagnosis and Management of Symptomatic Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematoma
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 2 Cranial Complications
  • Complications of Vascular Surgery
  • 8 Complications in Vascular Neurosurgery-Overview
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Neurosurgery for Intracranial Aneurysms
  • Complications of Microsurgery
  • Direct Injury
  • Incomplete Obliteration
  • Compromise of Parent Vessel
  • Intraoperative Rupture
  • Complications of Endovascular Treatment
  • Intraoperative Rupture
  • Complications of Coil Embolization/Stent/ Flow Diverter
  • Postoperative Complications Common to Either Mode of Treatment
  • Vasospasm
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Electrolyte and Metabolic Imbalance
  • Neurosurgery for Arteriovenous Malformations
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Hemorrhage
  • Normal Perfusion Pressure Breakthrough (NPPB)
  • Venous Thrombosis
  • Vasospasm
  • Retrograde Thrombosis of Feeding Arteries
  • Seizures
  • Complications Specific for Endovascular Treatment
  • Direct Bypass for Moyamoya Disease or Complex Intracranial Aneurysms
  • Hyperperfusion Syndrome (HS) Induced Local Neurologic Impairment
  • Postoperative Infarction
  • Others
  • Carotid Endarterectomy and Stenting for Carotid Stenosis
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 9 Intraoperative Rupture and Parent Artery Injury During Aneurysm Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • Specific Anatomic Considerations
  • References
  • 10 Cerebral Vasospasm
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Pathophysiology
  • Time Course
  • Treatment of Vasospasm
  • Medical Treatment
  • Interventional Treatment
  • Microsurgery
  • Neuroendovascular
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 11 Complications of AVM Microsurgery
  • Steal Phenomenon and Management of Residual AVM
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention of Complication
  • Preoperative Prevention
  • Perioperative Prevention
  • Management
  • Microsurgical Management of Residual AVM Nidus
  • Microsurgical Strategy in Intraoperative AVM Rupture
  • References
  • 12 Complications of Cerebral Bypass Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Superficial Temporal Artery
  • Radial Artery
  • Saphenous Vein
  • Prevention
  • Management of STA Injury
  • Management of Intraoperative Bypass Occlusion
  • Management of Postoperative Bypass Occlusion
  • Management of Aneurysm Rupture After Bypass and Trapping
  • References
  • 13 Complications of the Surgery for Cavernomas
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • The Choice of the Surgical Candidate for Cavernoma Removal
  • General Principles of Cavernoma Surgery to Avoid Morbidity
  • Complications Related to Operative Technique (and Their Avoidance)
  • The Lesion Doesn't Appear
  • Neurologic Deficit After a Wrong Approach and/or Wrong Entry Point
  • Intraoperative Bleeding
  • Timing for Surgery
  • Recurrence of Hemorrhage After Cavernoma Surgery
  • References
  • 14 Complications of Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Complication Prevention: Patient Selection
  • Perioperative Complication Prevention and Management
  • Dissection Flap
  • Intraoperative Ischemia
  • Intraoperative Carotid Occlusion
  • Postoperative Complication Prevention and Management
  • Ischemic Event
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage
  • Neck Hematoma
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Regional Versus General Anesthesia
  • Delayed Complication Prevention and Management
  • Carotid Restenosis
  • References
  • 15 Skull Base Surgery Complications
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Vascular Complications
  • CSF Leak
  • Cranial Nerve Palsy
  • Other Complications
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 16 Complications in Anterior Cranial Fossa Surgery
  • Background
  • How I Do Anterior Cranial Fossa Surgery
  • Pterional Approach
  • Tumor Resection
  • Subfrontal Transbasal Approach
  • Supraorbital Approach
  • Complications and Management
  • References
  • 17 Complications in Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Facial Nerve Function Preservation
  • Hearing Preservation
  • CSF Leakage
  • Postoperative Headache
  • References
  • 18 Complications in Posterior Cranial Fossa Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Neural
  • Arterial
  • Venous
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • Perforator Artery Injury
  • Traction Injury to the Brainstem
  • References
  • 19 Complications of Chiari Malformation Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • References
  • Primary Brain Lesion Resection Complications
  • 20 Primary Brain Lesion Resection Complications
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Classification of Neurosurgical Complications
  • Complications and Strategy for Their Avoidance
  • Neurologic Complications
  • Regional Complications
  • Systemic Complications
  • Neurosurgical Complications After Resection of Superior Sagittal Sinus Meningioma
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Venous Anatomy
  • Dural Sinuses
  • The Superficial Veins of the Brain
  • The Deep Veins of the Brain
  • Surgical Resection of SSS Meningiomas
  • Complications of Venous Injury
  • References
  • 21 Complications After Glioma Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • White and Gray Matter
  • Vascular
  • Prevention
  • Complications Resulting From Tumor Resection
  • Regional Complications
  • Systemic Complications
  • Management
  • References
  • 22 Complications of Surgery for Pituitary Tumors
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Common Transcranial Approaches
  • Relevant Operative Anatomy (Fig. 22.1)
  • Mechanisms of Injury
  • Prevention of Complication
  • Management
  • Operative Considerations
  • Choosing the Approach
  • Operative Techniques
  • Postoperative Management
  • Optic Nerve Injury
  • Pituitary Axis Injury
  • Diabetes Insipidus.
  • Anterior Pituitary Hormone Dysfunction.
  • References
  • 23 Thalamic and Insular Tumors
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Indications for Surgery
  • Anatomic Insights and Surgical Approach
  • Approaches to the Insula
  • Approaches to the Thalamus
  • Complications
  • Complication Avoidance
  • Avoiding Functional Cortical and Subcortical Pathways
  • Maintaining an Intralesional Resection
  • Avoiding Vascular Injury
  • Conflicts of Interest
  • References
  • 24 Complications of Surgery for Pineal Region Tumors
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Third Ventricle, Brainstem, and Cerebellum
  • Arterial
  • Venous
  • Complications Associated With Surgical Approaches
  • Supracerebellar Infratentorial Approach
  • Occipital Transtentorial Approach
  • Interhemispheric Transcallosal
  • Prevention of Complications
  • Management of Injuries
  • References
  • 25 Complications Associated With Surgery for Intracranial Infectious Lesions
  • Highlights
  • Brain Abscess
  • Introduction
  • Complications
  • Prevention
  • Tubercular Infections
  • Introduction
  • Complications and Prevention
  • Hydatidosis
  • Introduction
  • Complications
  • Prevention
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Introduction
  • Complications and Prevention
  • References
  • 26 Management of Facial Nerve Injury in Vestibular Schwannoma
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Discussion
  • References
  • 27 Complications in Vestibular Schwannoma Patients
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Conformal Gamma Knife Radiosurgery Technique to Prevent Cranial Nerve Complications
  • Clinical Results
  • Hearing Preservation
  • Facial Nerve Preservation
  • Auditory and Facial Nerve Preservation in Younger Patients
  • Auditory and Facial Nerve Preservation in Patients With Larger Tumors
  • Cystic Vestibular Schwannomas
  • Oncogenesis
  • Resection After GKRS
  • Quality of Life
  • References
  • Pediatric Neurosurgery Complications
  • 28 Complications of Posterior Fossa Tumors
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Delayed Diagnosis or Misdiagnosis of Posterior Fossa Tumor
  • Presurgical Precautions
  • Intraoperative Precautions
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Positioning and Fixation
  • Selection of Surgical Approach
  • Intraoperative Monitoring
  • Complication During the Postoperative Period
  • Resectable Residual Tumor
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Pneumocephalus
  • Vascular Injury
  • Postoperative Pseudomeningoceles
  • Incisional Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks
  • Aseptic Meningitis
  • Cranial Nerve Palsies
  • Cranial VI and VII Palsy ("Floor of the Fourth" Syndrome)
  • Low Cranial Nerve Palsy
  • Skewed Ocular Deviation
  • Posterior Fossa Syndrome
  • Seizure
  • Dyspraxia
  • Complications of Adjuvant Therapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 29 Craniopharyngioma
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Arterial
  • Venous
  • Third Ventricle and Hypothalamus
  • Position of Optic Chiasm to the Sella
  • Classifications for Tumor Locations
  • Prevention of Complication
  • Preoperative Prevention
  • Perioperative Prevention
  • Midline Anterior Approaches: Subfrontal Transbasal (Uni- or Bilateral) or Frontobasal Interhemispheric Approach
  • Frontolateral Approaches: Pterional-Frontotemporal and Orbitozygomatic
  • Interhemispheric-Transcallosal and Transcortical-Transventricular Approach
  • Combined Approaches
  • Management
  • Fusiform Dilatation of the Internal Carotid Artery (FDCA)
  • Hypothalamic Dysfunction and Morbid Obesity
  • Ectopic Recurrence
  • References
  • 30 Complications Associated With Cerebrospinal Fluid Diversion
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
  • Ventricular Shunt Placement
  • Prevention
  • Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy Complications
  • Shunt Complications
  • Shunt Infection
  • Mechanical Shunt Failure
  • Overdrainage
  • Long-Term Shunt Complications
  • Management
  • Intraoperative Complication Management
  • Investigation and Management of Potential Shunt Infection
  • Investigation and Management of Potential Shunt Malfunction
  • References
  • 31 Complications After Myelomeningocele Repair
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • Retethering
  • Management
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • Retethering
  • References
  • Functional and Radiosurgery, Surgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Complications
  • 32 Complications of Various Treatment Options for Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Complications After Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Complications Common to Each Treatment Method
  • Sensory Dysfunction
  • Motor Dysfunction
  • Complications Specific to Each Treatment Method
  • Percutaneous Ablation Procedures
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery
  • Microvascular Decompression
  • Prevention
  • Percutaneous Procedures
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery
  • Microvascular Decompression
  • References
  • 33 Complications of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)
  • Case Report
  • Discussion of the Case Report
  • Complications of DBS
  • Procedure-Related Complications
  • Stroke
  • Intracerebral Hemorrhage
  • Best Practice
  • Nonhemorrhagic Transient or Permanent Neurologic Deficit
  • Best Practice
  • Malposition of Electrodes
  • Best Practice
  • Hardware-Related Complications
  • Infection
  • Best Practice
  • Lead Migration, Lead Fracture, and Electrical Malfunction
  • Best Practice
  • Stimulation-Related Complications
  • Off-Target Effects
  • Best Practice
  • Summary
  • References
  • 34 Complications After Epilepsy Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Epilepsy Surgery: Anatomic Considerations
  • Epilepsy Surgery: Indications and Complications
  • Temporal Lobe Surgery
  • Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy
  • Extratemporal Lobe Resection
  • Hemispherectomy
  • Functional Epilepsy Surgeries
  • Grid Placement (Depth Electrodes)
  • Radio-Frequency Ablation
  • Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)
  • Neurostimulatory Procedures
  • Prevention and Complication Avoidance
  • Vascular Injury
  • Visual Pathway Injury
  • Complication Avoidance
  • Vascular Injury
  • Visual Pathway Injury
  • References
  • 35 Complications After Stereotactic Radiosurgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Types of Radiation Complications
  • Parenchymal Injury
  • Cranial Neuropathy
  • Vascular
  • Secondary Tumor Formation
  • Risk Factors for Radiation Complications
  • Treatment of Radiation Complications
  • References
  • Endoscopic Surgery
  • 36 Complications of Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • Nerve Injury
  • Vascular Injury
  • Postoperative Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • References
  • 37 Vascular Injuries During Transsphenoidal Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Arterial
  • Internal Carotid Artery
  • Sphenopalatine Artery
  • Venous
  • Prevention
  • Management of Internal Carotid Artery Injury
  • Steps to Control Torrential Bleeding
  • Hemostasis: Maneuvers and Materials
  • Open and Endovascular Treatment Options
  • What a Neurosurgeon Can Offer
  • Medical Treatment
  • Management of Sphenopalatine Artery Injuries
  • Management of Intercavernous Sinus Injury
  • References
  • 38 Complications of Ventricular Endoscopy
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention of Complications
  • Preoperative Prevention
  • Instrumentation
  • Perioperative Prevention
  • Vascular Injury
  • Neural Injury
  • Technical Failure
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Endovascular Surgery
  • 39 Access-Related Complications in Endovascular Neurosurgery
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Access-Related Complications
  • Femoral Access
  • Bleeding
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • Prevention
  • Pseudoaneurysms
  • Diagnosis
  • Management
  • Other Femoral Artery Complications
  • Complication Avoidance
  • Closure Device Use
  • Transfemoral Venous Access
  • Radial Access
  • Brachial Access
  • Transorbital Access
  • Carotid Access
  • Transcranial Access for Endovascular Therapy
  • Thromboembolic Complications From Intravascular Device Navigation in Large Vessels
  • Complication Avoidance
  • Extracranial Internal Carotid Artery/Vertebral Artery Spasm and Dissection
  • Management
  • Complications Related to Target Lesion Access
  • Contrast Nephropathy
  • Complication Avoidance
  • Management
  • References
  • 40 Procedure-Related Complications of Aneurysm Treatment
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Potential Complications
  • Intraprocedural Rupture and Rerupture
  • Thromboembolic Events
  • Coil Migration and Prolapse Into Parent Vessel
  • Aneurysm Recanalization
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Wide-Neck Aneurysms
  • Aneurysm Dome Size
  • Aneurysm Location
  • Parent Vessel Angle
  • Ruptured Aneurysms
  • Prevention
  • Preoperative Care
  • Patient Selection
  • Intervention Selection
  • Operator Ability
  • Management
  • Recognizing Complications
  • Intraoperative Techniques
  • Intraprocedural Rupture
  • Thrombolysis of Intraprocedural Thrombus
  • Coil Migration and Prolapse Into Parent Vessel
  • Treatment of Recurrent Aneurysm
  • References
  • 41 Procedure-Related Complications
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Considerations
  • AVM Hemorrhage and Hemorrhagic Complications
  • Spontaneous Postembolization Hemorrhage
  • Iatrogenic Complications
  • Iatrogenic Hemorrhage
  • Retained Catheters
  • Ischemic Complications
  • References
  • 42 Procedure-Related Complications
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Endovascular Thrombectomy Complications
  • Hemorrhagic Complications
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhagic Complications
  • Intracranial Vascular Perforation
  • Vasospasm
  • Arterial Dissection
  • Carotid-Cavernous Fistula
  • Stent Retriever Detachment/Device Malfunction
  • Reperfusion Injury
  • Conclusion
  • Reference
  • 43 Complications in Endovascular Management of Carotid-Cavernous and Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Venous Anatomy
  • Arterial Anatomy
  • Selection of Approach
  • Alteration of Flow Dynamics During Embolization
  • The Fistulous Point
  • Numerous Feeding Arteries
  • High-Flow Fistulas
  • Equipment Considerations
  • Management
  • References
  • Trauma
  • 44 Complications After Decompressive Craniectomy and Cranioplasty
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention
  • Preoperative
  • Perioperative
  • Management of Complications
  • Hydrocephalus
  • References
  • 45 Complications After Surgery for Chronic Subdural Hematomas
  • Complications After Surgery for Chronic Subdural Hematomas
  • Pathophysiological Insights
  • Complications
  • Recurrence
  • Steroid Treatment for Cdsh
  • Acute Rebleeding and Focal Brain Injury
  • Infections
  • Seizures and Epileptic Status
  • References
  • 3 Spinal and Peripheral Nerve Surgery Complications
  • General and Degenerative Spinal Disease Surgery Complications
  • 46 Overview of General and Degenerative Spine Surgery Complications
  • References
  • 47 Adjacent Level Disc Degeneration and Pseudarthrosis
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Adjacent Level Disease
  • Pseudarthrosis
  • Prevention
  • Adjacent Level Disease
  • Pseudarthrosis
  • Management
  • Adjacent Level Disease
  • Pseudarthrosis
  • References
  • 48 Complications in Neurosurgery- Graft-Related Complications (Autograft, BMP, Synthetic)
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Autograft
  • Allograft
  • Ceramics
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein
  • Autogenous Growth Factors
  • Collagen-Based Matrices and Bone Marrow Aspirate
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 49 Procedure-Related Complications (Inadvertent Dural Tear, CSF Leak)
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Unintended Durotomies After Thoracic Decompression
  • Incidence and Risk Factors
  • Prevention of Complication
  • Management for Lumbar Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • Management for Thoracic Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • References
  • 50 Complications of Surgery at the Craniocervical Junction
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Brainstem, Spinal Cord, Cranial and Spinal Nerves
  • Vertebral Artery
  • Cervical Venous Plexus
  • Preoperative Workup
  • Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
  • Steps to Control Torrential Bleeding
  • Instrumented Fusion: Tips and Tricks
  • Wound Closure and Postoperative Care
  • References
  • 51 Neurologic Deterioration After Spinal Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • References
  • 52 Vascular Injury During Approach to Lumbar Spine
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights (Fig. 52.1)
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention of Complication
  • Preoperative Prevention
  • Perioperative Prevention
  • Sequelae of Vascular Injury
  • Management
  • Open Vascular and Endovascular Intervention Techniques for Repair
  • References
  • 53 Vascular Complications in Cervical Spine Surgery (Anterior and Posterior Approach)
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention
  • Preoperative Prevention
  • Intraoperative Prevention
  • Management
  • References
  • 54 Instrumentation-Related Complications
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Cervical Spine
  • Anatomy
  • Anterior Cervical Instrumentation
  • Posterior Cervical Instrumentation
  • Thoracic Spine
  • Anatomy
  • Lateral/Anterior Thoracic Instrumentation
  • Posterior Thoracic Instrumentation
  • Lumbar Spine
  • Anatomy
  • Anterior/Lateral Lumbar Instrumentation
  • Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation
  • Sacrum/Pelvis
  • Anatomy
  • Posterior Sacral/Pelvic Instrumentation
  • Prevention and Management
  • References
  • 55 Postoperative Spinal Deformities
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Proximal Junctional Kyphosis
  • Nonunion
  • Loss of Motion Segment and Adjacent Segment Disease
  • References
  • 56 Complications of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Posterior Cervical Approach
  • Lateral Lumbar Transpsoas Approach
  • Nerve Injury
  • Vascular Injury
  • Adult Degenerative Scoliosis
  • Posterior Paraspinal Lumbar Approach
  • Prevention
  • Lateral Retroperitoneal Transpsoas Approach (LLIF)
  • Neurologic Injury
  • Vascular Injury
  • Subsidence
  • Durotomy
  • References
  • Spinal Neoplastic and Vascular Lesion Surgery Complications
  • 57 Complications of Surgery for Intrinsic Spinal Cord Tumors
  • Highlights
  • Introduction
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Vascular Injury
  • Parenchymal Injury
  • CSF Leak
  • References
  • 58 Complications of Surgery for Vertebral Body Tumors
  • Introduction
  • Approach-Related Morbidity
  • Challenges Maintaining Stabilization and Achieving Fusion
  • Wound Complications
  • Length of Surgery-Related Complications
  • Intraoperative Hemorrhage
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 59 Complications of Surgery for Spinal Vascular Malformations
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Arterial
  • Venous
  • Prevention
  • AVM Management
  • References
  • 60 Complications of Surgery and Radiosurgery in Spinal Metastasis
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Prevention
  • Tumor Hemorrhage
  • Wound Complications
  • Management
  • Tumor Hemorrhage
  • Wound Infection and Dehiscence
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leak
  • Hardware Failure
  • Radiation Toxicity
  • Non-neurologic Injury
  • References
  • Spinal Trauma and Peripheral Nerve Surgery Complications
  • 61 Spinal Fracture Complications
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Cervical Spine
  • Thoracic Spine
  • Lumbar Spine
  • Prevention of Complications
  • Sequelae of Spinal Fractures
  • Management
  • References
  • 62 Posttraumatic Syringomyelia
  • Highlights
  • Background
  • Anatomic Insight
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • Arachnoidolysis and Duraplasty
  • Shunting
  • References
  • 63 Complications of Surgery for Peripheral Nerve Injuries and Tumors
  • Highlights
  • Background-Nerve Injuries
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • Background-Peripheral Nerve Tumors
  • Anatomic Insights
  • Prevention
  • Management
  • References
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Y
  • Inside Back Cover

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