Criminal Juries in the 21st Century

Psychological Science and the Law
 
 
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 20. August 2018
  • |
  • 328 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-065812-0 (ISBN)
 
The jury is often hailed as one of the most important symbols of American democracy. Yet much has changed since the Sixth Amendment in 1791 first guaranteed all citizens the right to a jury trial in criminal prosecutions. Experts now have a much more nuanced understanding of the psychological implications of being a juror, and advances in technology and neuroscience make the work of rendering a decision in a criminal trial more complicated than ever before. Criminal Juries in the 21st Century explores the increasingly wide gulf between criminal trial law, procedures, and policy, and what scientific findings have revealed about the human experience of serving as a juror. Readers will contemplate myriad legal issues that arise when jurors decide criminal cases as well as cutting-edge psychological research that can be used to not only understand the performance and experience of the contemporary criminal jury, but also to improve it. Chapter authors grapple with a number of key issues at the intersection of psychology and law, guiding readers to consider everything from the factors that influence the initial selection of the jury to how jurors cope with and reflect on their service after the trial ends. Together the chapters provide a unique view of criminal juries with the goal of increasing awareness of a broad range of current issues in great need of theoretical, empirical, and legal attention. Criminal Juries in the 21st Century will identify how social science research can inform law and policy relevant to improving justice within the jury system, and is an essential resource for those who directly study jury decision making as well as social scientists generally, attorneys, judges, students, and even future jurors.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 28,12 MB
978-0-19-065812-0 (9780190658120)
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Cynthia J. Najdowski is an Assistant Professor at the University at Albany. Her research explores how social psychological phenomena shape criminal justice interactions in ways that produce miscarriages of justice for minorities, women, and children. Her work has been recognized with several national grants and awards and published in the top-ranked journals in the field of psychology and law. She also co-edited Children as Victims, Witnesses, and Offenders: Psychological Science and the Law. Margaret C. Stevenson is an Associate Professor at the University of Evansville. She has published over 30 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters related to factors that shape juror decision making and the nature of jury deliberations. She also explores perceptions of marginalized individuals, including children and minorities, who enter the legal system, either as victims or as perpetrators of crime. Her research has received grants and awards from divisions of the American Psychological Association.
Chapter 1 Criminal Juries in the 21st Century: A Case-Study Introduction to Contemporary Issues Margaret C. Stevenson and Cynthia J. Najdowski PART I: Societal Changes in Attitudes: Implications for Jury Selection and Decision Making Chapter 2 Jury Selection in the Post-Batson Era Barbara O'Brien and Catherine M. Grosso Chapter 3 Diminishing Support for the Death Penalty: Implications for Fair Capital Case Outcomes Amelia Courtney Hritz, Caisa Elizabeth Royer, and Valerie P. Hans Chapter 4 LGBTQ in the Courtroom: How Sexuality and Gender Identity Impact the Jury System Jordan Blair Woods Chapter 5 Implicit Jury Bias: Are Informational Interventions Effective? Anna Roberts Chapter 6 In the Aftermath of Ferguson: Jurors' Perceptions of the Police and Court Legitimacy Then and Now Lindsey M. Cole PART II: Technological Changes and Challenges: New Sources of Influence on Juror Decisions Chapter 7 The Impact of Legally Relevant Media Exposure on Criminal Juror Decision Making Jennifer L. Groscup Chapter 8 Pre- and Midtrial Publicity in the Age of Internet and Social Media Tarika Daftary-Kapur and Steven D. Penrod Chapter 9 The Psychology of Surveillance and Sousveillance Video Evidence Neal R. Feigenson and Christina O. Spiesel Chapter 10 Do Video Recordings Help Jurors Recognize Coercive Influences in Interrogations? Iris Blandón-Gitlin and Amelia Mindthoff Chapter 11 Neuroscience and Jury Decision Making Shelby Hunter, N. J. Schweitzer, and Jillian M. Ware PART III: Emotion and the Contemporary Jury Chapter 12 The Role of Emotion and Motivation in Jury Decision Making Colin Holloway and Richard L. Wiener Chapter 13 How Does Jury Service Affect 21st-Century Jurors? Sarah A. Trescher, Monica K. Miller, and Brian H. Bornstein Part IV: Conclusion Chapter 14 Coping with Modern Challenges and Anticipating the Future of Criminal Jury Trials Shari Seidman Diamond

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