Informed and Healthy

Theoretical and Applied Perspectives on the Value of Information to Health Care
 
 
Academic Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 15. Juni 2016
  • |
  • 186 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-804366-0 (ISBN)
 

Informed and Healthy: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives on the Value of Information to Health Care focuses on two major issues: the value attributed to information by users and its effect on health care; and, a new model of information behavior in which the value of information drives various information activities (unlike many information models which tend to give prominence to information needs). The inductive development of the model is explained, with associated implications for theory and transferability or applicability elsewhere.

The book uses a case study of the health information system in Uganda and expands the analysis by comparing it to other systems utilized by different countries in diverse levels of development. Topics such as access and use of information; value attribution and effect on health outcomes; and modelling information behavior and its implications on health informatics are discussed in detail. This book is a valuable resource for health professionals, planners, and policy makers, as well as researchers interested in health information systems and their applicability in different environments.


  • Provides a new model of information behaviour that emerges inductively from qualitative data
  • Focuses on value of information rather than information needs
  • Explains in detail the methodological approach used to value attribution
  • Serves as a valuable resource for health professionals, planners, and policy makers, as well as researchers interested in health information systems and their applicability in different environments


Maria Musoke is PhD in Information Science, University of Sheffield, UK
Professor of Information Science at the School of Library and Information Science, Makerere University, Uganda
• 1st Ugandan woman to become a Professor of and hold a PhD in Information Science
• PhD led to revision of the 'Slawson and Shaugnessy formula" (reported in BMJ 2002;325:983 - formula is a 'usefulness equation" for medical information)
• Initiated at Makerere University 1) 'Information competence and management' course for graduate students and researchers, 2) 'Health information systems and services' course for MSc-LIS students, 3) information literacy outreach program to rural health units
• Has conducted research, published 20+ papers, presented at many conferences, and received various awards. For example:
- Nov 2014-Aug 2015 - Elsevier Foundation/Innovative Libraries in Developing Countries Program funded $45k to her research sabbatical at the University of Sheffield
- Keynote speaker at Partnerships in Health Information 20th Anniversary in London (2012) and Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa conference in Malawi (2004) and Tanzania (2014)
- 2015 - Swedish International Development Agency awarded her for exemplary leadership and management of the Makerere University Library project under the Makerere - Sida Collaborative Research Programme for ten years (2004-2014)
- 2010 - Gender Equality Award, Makerere University
- 2001 - ICT stories Award winner based on submission of 'Simple ICTs reduce maternal mortality in rural Uganda"
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 3,18 MB
978-0-12-804366-0 (9780128043660)
0128043660 (0128043660)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Informed and Healthy
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • Foreword by Ruhakana Rugunda
  • Foreword by Ylann Schemm
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • 1 Health Information in Uganda
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Information Concept
  • 1.3 Primary Health Care
  • 1.4 Information Technology in the Health Sector and Related Policies
  • 1.5 Health Information Challenges
  • 1.6 Organization of the Book
  • 1.6.1 Chapter 1: Health Information in Uganda
  • 1.6.2 Chapter 2: Access and Use of Information by Women and Health Workers
  • 1.6.3 Chapter 3: The Value of Information and Effect on Health Outcomes
  • 1.6.4 Chapter 4: Modeling Information Behavior
  • 1.6.5 Chapter 5: Implications for Theory, Practice and the Future
  • References
  • 2 Access and Use of Information by Women and Health Workers
  • 2.1 Methodological Approach
  • 2.2 The Categories
  • 2.2.1 Information Sources
  • 2.2.2 Information Needs
  • 2.2.3 Constraints
  • 2.2.4 Moderators
  • 2.2.5 Value of Information
  • 2.3 Information Activities by Women
  • 2.3.1 Information Sources
  • Actual sources of information
  • Potential sources of information
  • Best or easiest ways to access health information
  • Other analytical subdivisions
  • Preference
  • Information behavior
  • Passive versus active access to health information
  • Use of radio, television and newspapers in active information seeking
  • 2.3.2 Information Needs
  • Information that was not accessed
  • Information that was accessed
  • The analytical insights and interpretation of the data on information needs
  • Critical information needs
  • Active information needs
  • Latent information needs
  • Information behavior
  • Information behavior related to coping with health problems
  • Information behavior: active and passive
  • Active to semi-active seeking behavior
  • Passive access
  • 2.3.3 Constraints
  • Negating factors
  • Supportive factors
  • Constraints concerning specific information sources
  • Socioeconomic constraints to information access
  • Constraints to information use
  • Sociocultural constraints to information use
  • 2.3.4 Moderators
  • Moderators of constraints to information access
  • Leaders as moderators
  • Personal and interpersonal moderators
  • Rural outreach moderators
  • Educational moderators
  • Spatial/geographical moderators
  • Social moderators
  • Technological moderators
  • Economic moderators
  • Moderators of constraints to information use
  • Quality of information
  • Supportive infrastructure
  • 2.4 Information Activities by Health Workers
  • 2.4.1 Information Sources
  • Actual sources of information
  • Most important information sources
  • Books and periodicals
  • Seminars, workshops and other training sessions
  • Professionals (seniors and colleagues) and associations
  • Formal and online information sources
  • The media
  • Community-based agencies
  • Potential sources of information
  • Best and easiest ways to access health information
  • Other analytical subdivisions of health workers' information sources
  • Preference
  • Restricted
  • Information behavior
  • 2.4.2 Information Needs
  • Information that was not fully accessed
  • Information that had been accessed
  • Other analytical subdivisions of health workers' information needs
  • Clinical information needs
  • Education and training information needs
  • Preventive care information needs
  • Causes
  • Information behavior
  • Active information seeking
  • Passive access
  • 2.4.3 Constraints
  • Enhancing or supportive factors
  • Negating or hindering factors
  • Constraints to information access
  • Constraints concerning specific information sources
  • Socioeconomic constraints to information access
  • Constraints to information use
  • Quality of information accessed
  • Changes in medical practice
  • Unavailability of medicine/facilities
  • 2.4.4 Moderators
  • Moderators of constraints to information access
  • Personal moderators
  • Interpersonal moderators
  • Professional moderators
  • Economic moderators
  • Educational
  • Moderators of constraints to information use
  • Local initiatives
  • 2.5 Discussion of Information Activities
  • 2.5.1 Information Sources
  • 2.5.2 Information Needs
  • 2.5.3 Constraints
  • 2.5.4 Moderators
  • 2.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • 3 The Value of Information and Effect on Health Outcomes
  • 3.1 Value of Information Core Category
  • 3.2 Use of Information and Attribution of Value by Women
  • 3.2.1 Value of Information
  • Causes and prevention
  • Fear of a disabled, sickly or abnormal child
  • Scares or warning bells
  • Treatment
  • Health knowledge and improved health
  • Overcome misconceptions
  • Overcome constraints
  • Coping
  • 3.2.2 Actions
  • Participation in information dissemination and awareness raising
  • Formal
  • Informal
  • Making decisions
  • Behavioral change
  • Treatment choices
  • Other health decisions
  • Community support and self-help
  • 3.3 Use of Information and Attribution of Value by Health Workers
  • 3.3.1 Value of Information
  • Clinical work
  • Administration
  • 3.3.2 Actions
  • Information dissemination
  • Preventive work
  • Academic work
  • Professional support
  • Making decisions
  • Detection
  • 3.4 The Effect of Information on Health Care
  • 3.4.1 Background
  • 3.4.2 Evidence of the Effect of Access and Use of Information on Health Care
  • Examples of evidence by health workers
  • Examples of evidence by the women
  • Proposed ways of measuring the effect of information on health care
  • 3.5 Discussion of the Value and Impact of Information
  • 3.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • 4 Modeling Information Behavior
  • 4.1 Introduction to the Model
  • 4.2 The Core and Main Categories
  • 4.3 Development of the Model: From Concrete to Abstract
  • 4.3.1 Stage One
  • 4.3.2 Stage Two
  • 4.3.3 Stage Three
  • 4.3.4 Stage Four
  • 4.4 Discussion of the Model
  • 4.5 Strengths and Limitations of the Model
  • 4.5.1 Strengths
  • 4.5.2 Limitations
  • References
  • 5 Implications for Theory, Practice and the Future
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Implications for Theory and Applicability of Findings
  • 5.3 Implications for Health Informatics and Information Provision in General
  • 5.3.1 Implications for Information Provision to Women
  • 5.3.2 Implications for Information Provision to Health Workers
  • Training and information skills for health workers
  • 5.3.3 Implications for Health Information Professionals
  • 5.4 Areas for Further Research
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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