While Thomas More first coined the word utopia in his 1516 book of the same name, the concept of a near perfect society dates at least back to the period of classical antiquity. Plato's "The Republic" is often cited as one of earliest attempts at addressing just such a society. However in the 16th century Thomas More's work established itself as the most famous example of this genre of literature. More's "Utopia" is described as an idealized island community upon which perfect social harmony has been achieved, all property is community owned, violence is nonexistent and everyone has the opportunity to work and live in an environment of religious tolerance. Along with this work "Three Early Modern Utopias" also includes Francis Bacon's "New Atlantis" and Henry Neville's "The Isle of Pines." Bacon's work, which appears over a century after Utopia, also concerns a utopian island which is happened upon by the crew of a European ship. On Bacon's mythical island of Bensalem, "generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendor, piety and public spirit" are the commonly held qualities of its inhabitants. Neville's work follows a similar construct as Bacon's when five people are shipwrecked on the idyllic "Isle of Pines." These three early works help to define an entire genre of literature and greatly influenced the work of the many authors who followed in their footsteps.
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weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
- THE TRANSLATOR TO THE GENTLE READER
- THOMAS MORE TO PETER GILES, SENDETH GREETING
- THE FIRST BOOK OF THE COMMUNICATION OF RAPHAEL HYTHLODAY CONCERNING THE BEST STATE OF A COMMONWEALTH
- THE SECOND BOOK OF THE COMMUNICATION OF RAPHAEL HYTHLODAY, CONCERNING THE BEST STATE OF A COMMONWEALTH, CONTAINING THE DESCRIPTION OF UTOPIA, WITH A LARGE DECLARATION OF THE POLITIC GOVERNMENT, AND OF ALL THE GOOD LAWS AND ORDERS OF THE SAME ISLAND.
- TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE HIEROME BUSLIDE, PROVOST OF ARIENN, AND COUNCELLOR TO THE CATHOLIC KING CHARLES, PETER GILES, CITIZEN OF ANTWERP, WISHETH HEALTH AND FELICITY.
- A METRE OF FOUR VERSES IN THE UTOPIAN TONGUE, BRIEFLY TOUCHING AS WELL THE STRANGE BEGINNING, AS ALSO THE HAPPY AND WEALTHY CONTINUANCE, OF THE SAME COMMONWEALTH
- A SHORT METRE OF UTOPIA, WRITTEN BY ANEMOLIUS POET LAUREATE AND NEPHEW TO HYTHLODAY BY HIS SISTER
- GERARD NOVIOMAGE OF UTOPIA
- CORNELIUS GRAPHEY TO THE READER
- THE PRINTER TO THE READER
- APPENDIX. ANCILLARY MATERIALS FROM OTHER EARLY EDITIONS OF UTOPIA
- JEROME DE BUSLEYDEN TO THOMAS MORE, GREETING
- THOMAS MORE SENDS HIS BEST WISHES TO HIS OWN PETER GILES
- GUILLAUME BUDÃ? TO HIS ENGLISH FRIEND THOMAS LUPSET: GREETING
- ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM TO HIS DEAR GOSSIP JOHN FROBEN: GREETING
- TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE, AND HIS VERY SINGULAR GOOD MASTER, MASTER WILLIAM CECIL, ESQUIRE, ONE OF THE TWO PRINCIPAL SECRETARIES TO THE KING HIS MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, RALPH ROBINSON WISHETH CONTINUANCE OF HEALTH WITH DAILY INCREASE OF VIRTUE AND HONOUR
- NEW ATLANTIS
- THE ISLE OF PINES
- TWO LETTERS CONCERNING THE ISLAND OF PINES TO A CREDIBLE PERSON IN COVENT GARDEN.