This book explores Conditional Cash Transfers programs within the context of education policy over the past several decades. Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) provide cash to poor families upon the fulfillment of conditions related to the education and health of their children. Even though CCTs aim to improve educational attainment, it is not clear whether Departments or Ministries of Education have internalized CCTs into their own sets of policies and whether that has had an impact on the quality of education being offered to low income students. Equally intriguing is the question of how conditional cash transfer programs have been politically sustained in so many countries, some of them having existed for over ten years. In order to explore that, this book will build upon a comparative study of three programs across the Americas: Opportunity NYC, Subsidios Condicionados a la Asistencia Escolar (Bogota, Colombia), and Bolsa Famila (Brazil). The book presents a detailed and non-official account on the NYC and Bogota programs and will analyze CCTs from both a political and education policy perspective.
Michelle Morais de Sa e Silva is Wick Cary Assistant Professor of International and Area Studies at the Department of International and Area Studies, University of Oklahoma, USA. Previously, she held the position of Head of Graduate Programs and Professor at Brazil's National School of Public Administration (Enap). Morais was also Coordinator General for International Cooperation at Brazil's Ministry of Human Rights (2011-2014). Before that, she had been a UNESCO staff member for six years. Morais has worked in countries like Angola, Colombia, Mozambique and Russia, besides Brazil. Her research agenda has been mostly focused on issues of international cooperation for development, policy diffusion, and international comparative education.
Part I. A Best Practice to Reduce Present and Future Poverty
Chapter 1. Conditional Cash Transfer Programs and the poverty-reduction agenda
Chapter 2. The International Diffusion of Conditional Cash Transfers
Chapter 3. Framing the Study of CCT cases
Part II. The Realities of CCTs in the Global North and the Global South
Chapter 4. A Conditional Cash Transfer in the Big Apple
Chapter 5. Money to Bear the Indirect Costs of Schooling
Chapter 6. The Largest Conditional Cash Transfer in the World.- Part III. What Have We Learned?
Chapter 7. Case comparison: CCTs' divorce from education policy and long program lives
Chapter 8. Conclusion: What has the future got for this global model?