Paul and the Emergence of Christian Textuality

Early Christian Literary Culture in Context. Collected Essays, Volume 1
 
 
Mohr Siebeck (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 30. November 2017
  • |
  • 394 Seiten
 
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978-3-16-155512-1 (ISBN)
 
The essays by Margaret M. Mitchell collected in this volume were published over a roughly twenty-five year span of time, and range in scope from the treatment of a two-word phrase (????? ???, 'now concerning,' in 1 Corinthians and 1 Thessalonians) to the role of 'the written record' in the formation, diffusion, and ultimate success of the Gentile Christ-believing mission in the first three centuries. At the heart of these studies are two main claims: an insistence that it was by no means predictable that textuality would be a crucial medium of the Christ-believing apocalyptic missionary movements, and the contention that in a significant way it was the influence of the self-styled 'apostolic envoy,' Paul, that made it so. These arguments involve not only a retracing of the history and development of Paulinism, in some sense, but also an analysis, both hermeneutical and history-of-religions, of the role of texts in the life of the historical Paul, in the extant remnants of the historical-epistolary Paul (i.e., of the homologoumena), and in that of Paulinist readers, writers, collectors, redactors, narrators, and interpreters from his time forward. This extends from the flexible poetics of his accordion-like 'gospel narrative' that could be expanded and contracted to encompass and address with sophistication all kinds of issues in occasion-specific written texts, to the theological grounding of that gospel proclamation ????? ???? ??????? ('according to the scriptures,' 1 Cor 15:3-4), to the religious logic of 'envoyage' and 'epiphany' that animated his self-understanding of mediated presence of Jesus Christ crucified, to the powerful poetics of epistolary literature that enabled the absent Paul to speak from a distance and so even the dead Paul to continue to speak to generation after generation in a trans-local and trans-temporal religious community formed in relation to these texts, their claims, and their ritual embodiments. The story of the development of an early Christian literary culture is not ancillary to a proper study of the 'rise of Christianity' but is a key to it, the isolation of a major strand of its DNA and its processes for replication across time and space.
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978-3-16-155512-1 (9783161555121)
3161555120 (3161555120)
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  • Cover
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface and Acknowledgements
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1: The Emergence of the Written Record
  • 1. A Battle of Literatures
  • 2. Earliest Christian Traditions and "Scripture"
  • 3. The Early Turn to Writing
  • 4. The Letters of Paul
  • 5. Pauline Pseudepigrapha and the Pauline Letter Collection
  • 6. Gospel Literature
  • 6.1. Mark
  • 6.2. Markan Revisions
  • 7. The Fourfold Gospel
  • 8. A Bibliographic Culture
  • Chapter 2: Gentile Christianity
  • 1. Definitions and Designations
  • 2. Sources for Gentile Christianity
  • 3. The Pauline Mission in the Roman World
  • 3.1. Arabia, Syria and Cilicia
  • 3.2. Galatia and Asia Proconsularis
  • 3.3. Macedonia
  • 3.4. Achaea
  • 3.5. Rome, Italy and West
  • 3.6. Reasons for Success
  • 4. Other Gentile Missions
  • 5. "Early Catholicism"
  • Chapter 3: 1 and 2 Thessalonians
  • 1. Historical Context
  • 2. Background to 1 Thessalonians
  • 3. 1 Thessalonians
  • 4. Background to 2 Thessalonians
  • 5. 2 Thessalonians
  • Chapter 4: Review Essay: Abraham J. Malherbe, The Letters to the Thessalonians
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Patristic Exegesis in Malherbe's Commentary: Overview
  • 3. Modern Questions and Patristic Answers
  • 3.1. Paraenesis
  • 3.2. Psychagogy
  • 3.3. Consolation
  • 4. Pauline Authorship of 2 Thessalonians
  • 5. Conclusion: A Move Ahead
  • Chapter 5: Concerning ???? ?? in 1 Corinthians
  • 1. Appeals to pe?? d? in Scholarship on 1 Corinthians
  • 2. Widespread Assumptions about pe?? d?
  • 3. ?e?? d? in Ancient Literary and Epistolary Texts
  • 3.1. Literary and Rhetorical Works
  • 3.2. Literary Letters
  • 3.3. Private Documentary Letters
  • 3.4. The New Testament
  • 4. Conclusions: ?e?? d? and the Composition of 1 Corinthians
  • Chapter 6: New Testament Envoys in the Context of Greco-Roman Diplomatic and Epistolary Conventions : The Example of Timothy and Titus
  • 1. The Significance of Envoys in the Pauline Mission
  • 2. General Background : Social and Diplomatic Conventions about Envoys in the New Testament and the Greco-Roman World
  • 3. Paul's Depiction of the Envoys Timothy and Titus : Epistolary Expressions of Social Conventions
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 7: Rhetorical Shorthand in Pauline Argumentation : The Functions of "The Gospel" in the Corinthian Correspondence .
  • 1. Introduction: The Gospel and Rhetorical Shorthand
  • 2. 1 Corinthians
  • 3. 2 Corinthians
  • 3.1. 2 Corinthians 2:14-7:4, "The First Apology"
  • 3.2. 2 Corinthians 10-13, "The Second Apology"
  • 3.3. 2 Corinthians 1:1-2:13 and 7:5-16, "The Letter of Reconciliation" . .
  • 3.4. 2 Corinthians 8, An Administrative Letter
  • 3.5. 2 Corinthians 9, An Administrative Letter
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 8: Paul's Letters to Corinth: The Interpretive Intertwining of Literary and Historical Reconstruction
  • 1. Introduction: The Earliest Evidence for Christianity at Corinth
  • 2. Recent Research on the Corinthian Epistolary Archive
  • 3. 2 Corinthians 8 and the Literary History of the Corinthian Correspondence
  • 4. Concluding Reflections and Topics for Conversation
  • Chapter 9: The Corinthian Correspondence and the Birth of Pauline Hermeneutics
  • 1. Introduction of Thesis
  • 2. The Corinthian Correspondence as an Inner-Interpretive Process
  • 2.1. The Literary Composition of 1 and 2 Corinthians
  • 2.2. The Place of 2 Corinthians 8 in the Corinthian Correspondence
  • 2.3. The Corinthian Correspondence as a History of Negotiated Epistolary Meaning
  • 3. The Birth of Pauline Hermeneutics
  • 3.1. Stage One: Paul's Self-Interpreting Moves in the Very Act of Composition
  • 3.2. Stage Two: Negotiation of Meaning by the Initial Readers
  • 3.3. Stage Three: Pauline Retrospective Hermeneutics in Dialogue with His Readers
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10: Pauline Accommodation and "Condescension" (s???at?ßas??) : 1 Cor 9:19-23 and the History of Influence
  • 1. Recent Scholarship on 1 Cor 9:19-23 along the Judaism/Hellenism Divide
  • 2. "All Things to All People" in Early Christian Interpretation
  • 3. S???at?ßas??, the Language of "Condescension"
  • 4. "Divine Condescension" - An Influence on Paul?
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 11: Le style, c'est l'homme: Aesthetics and Apologetics in the Stylistic Analysis of the New Testament
  • 1. What's at Stake in Stylistic Analysis of the New Testament?
  • 2. Reiser's Sprache und literarische Formen des Neuen Testaments as a Test Case
  • 2.1. ????? and ????? (Style and Argument)
  • 2.2. ????? (Arrangement)
  • 2.3. ???es?? (Invention)
  • 3. Assessment of Some of Reiser's Specific Claims
  • 4. Le style, c'est l'homme
  • Chapter 12: Epiphanic Evolutions in Earliest Christianity
  • 1. Approaches to "Epiphany" in the New Testament
  • 2. A Different Approach, Focusing on "Epiphanic Logic"
  • 3. Paul, the Epiphanic Envoy
  • 4. Epiphanic Evolution I: The Gospel According to Mark
  • 5. In the Whirlpool of the Markan Epiphanic Revolution - Matthew and Luke
  • 6. Epiphanic Evolution II: Paulus redivivus
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13: The Letter of James as a Document of Paulinism?
  • 1. Thesis and Context
  • 2. Methodological Approach
  • 3. The Arguments and Evidence
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14: P.Tebt. 703 and the Genre of 1 Timothy: The Curious Career of a Ptolemaic Papyrus in Pauline Scholarship
  • 1. Discovery and Initial Publication
  • 2. Analysis and Translation
  • 3. P.Tebt. 703 in New Testament Scholarship
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 15: Corrective Composition, Corrective Exegesis : The Teaching on Prayer in 1 Tim 2:1-15
  • 1. Textual Correction
  • 2. Interpretive "Self-Correction" by "Paul"
  • 3. 1 Timothy 2:9-15
  • 4. 1 Timothy 2:1-8
  • 5. Corrective Exegesis of 1 Timothy 2:1-15
  • 6. Conclusion: Corrective Composition / Corrective Exegesis
  • Bibliography
  • Indexes
  • 1. Passages Cited
  • 1.1. Hebrew Bible and Septuagint
  • 1.2. New Testament
  • 1.3. Jewish and Early Christian Literature
  • 1.3.1. Old Testament Pseudepigrapha
  • 1.3.2. Dead Sea Scrolls
  • 1.3.3. Apostolic Fathers and Christian Apocrypha
  • 1.3.4. Rabbinic Texts
  • 1.3.5. Patristic Authors and Texts
  • 1.4. Other Ancient Authors and Texts
  • 1.5. Papyri, Inscriptions, and Collections of Documentary Sources
  • 2. Modern Authors
  • 3. Subjects

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