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Criminals, Nazis, and Islamists

Competition for Power in Former Soviet Union Prisons
Vera Mironova(Autor*in)
Oxford University Press
Erscheint ca. am 8. Juni 2023
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978-0-19-764567-3 (ISBN)
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In Criminals, Nazis, and Islamists, Vera Mironova examines conflicts and cooperation between inmates in male prisons in the former Soviet Union. She begins by focusing on the earliest prisoner groups, in particular the Vory criminal organization, which began in the 1930s. The Vory were able to develop rules, norms, and unique criminal ideology to ensure their monopoly in prison internal governance. Not only did they establish control over inmates, the Vory also successfully stood up against prison authorities to make inmates life behind bars as comfortable as possible, and as a consequence ensured its own survival in power. Mironova also explains how the Vory uses different methods, from strikes to bloody riots, to put pressure on prison leadership. The fall of Soviet Union in 1990 saw an explosion of entrepreneurial criminal organizations, and the Vory started losing their grip on prisons. This book reviews how Islamists, Neo Nazis, and other major organizations behind bars across the former Soviet Union are currently challenging the Vory and what happens when they take power inside particular prisons and have to govern themselves. By focusing on the margins of Russian life, Mironova offers a unique perspective on the social transformations impacting both the USSR and the post-Soviet space from the 1930s to the Putin era.
978-0-19-764567-3 (9780197645673)
Schweitzer Klassifikation
DNB DDC Sachgruppen
Vera Mironova, PhD, is an Associate Fellow at Harvard University and is famous for her extensive in-depth ethnographic fieldwork with armed groups in active conflict zones, terrorist sleeping cells, and criminal organizations. She conducted fieldwork in numerous active conflict zones and post-conflict regions all over the world including in Syria, Iraq, Sudan, DRC Congo, and Azerbaijan. From 2016 to 2017, she was embedded with Iraqi Special Operations Forces during the Mosul Operation and before that, with ultra-right Ukrainian armed groups in Donbas. And since 2018 she conducted extensive interviews with members of criminal organizations in former Soviet Union. She is an author of the award-winning book From Freedom Fighters to Jihadists. Human Resources of Non-State Armed Groups (Oxford 2019).
Preface Introduction 1. Theory 2. History of the Vory Criminal Organization 3. Prison Criminal Leadership 4. Lower Class of Inmates 5. Prison Criminal Law Enforcement 6. Prison Criminal Economy 7. Everyday Life Behind Bars 8. Conflict with Prison Authorities: Getting Power 9. Conflict with Prison Authorities: Losing Power 10 Problems within the Vory Criminal Organization 11. Prison Islamist Jamaats 12. Islamist Jamaat Rise to Power 13. Jamaat Conflict with the Criminal Organization 14. Vory Criminal Organization Resurgence 15. Neo-Nazis Behind Bars Conclusion

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