Sustainability in the Design, Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes

 
 
Butterworth-Heinemann (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 29. Juli 2016
  • |
  • 426 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-802064-7 (ISBN)
 

Sustainability in the Design, Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes is an edited collection of contributions from leaders in their field. It takes a holistic view of sustainability in chemical and process engineering design, and incorporates economic analysis and human dimensions. Ruiz-Mercado and Cabezas have brought to this book their experience of researching sustainable process design and life cycle sustainability evaluation to assist with development in government, industry and academia.

This book takes a practical, step-by-step approach to designing sustainable plants and processes by starting from chemical engineering fundamentals. This method enables readers to achieve new process design approaches with high influence and less complexity. It will also help to incorporate sustainability at the early stages of project life, and build up multiple systems level perspectives. Ruiz-Mercado and Cabezas' book is the only book on the market that looks at process sustainability from a chemical engineering fundamentals perspective.


  • Improve plants, processes and products with sustainability in mind; from conceptual design to life cycle assessment
  • Avoid retro fitting costs by planning for sustainability concerns at the start of the design process
  • Link sustainability to the chemical engineering fundamentals


Dr. Ruiz-Mercado is currently leading and developing U.S. EPA research projects in areas of sustainable development for helping society, government, industry, and academia. His experience, published record, and contributions to the advancement of knowledge in research areas such as sustainability evaluation, sustainable process design and life cycle sustainability evaluation, demonstrate his capability to identify new research needs and challenges.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 18,14 MB
978-0-12-802064-7 (9780128020647)
0128020644 (0128020644)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • SUSTAINABILITY IN THE DESIGN, SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PROCESSES
  • SUSTAINABILITY IN THE DESIGN, SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PROCESSES
  • Copyright
  • DEDICATION
  • CONTENTS
  • ABOUT THE AUTHORS
  • BHAVIK R. BAKSHI
  • BOTOND BERTOK
  • NAVDEEP BHADBHADE
  • DEBANGSU BHATTACHARYYA
  • ANA CARVALHO
  • DAVID J.C. CONSTABLE
  • URMILA DIWEKAR
  • MAHMOUD M. EL-HALWAGI
  • MICHAEL GONZALEZ
  • ANTHONY HALOG
  • ISTVÁN HECKL
  • YINLUN HUANG
  • YUAN JIANG
  • CONCEPCIÓN "CONCHITA" JIMÉNEZ-GONZÁLEZ
  • PARASKEVI KARKA
  • YASUNORI KIKUCHI
  • ANTONIS KOKOSSIS
  • SHUYUN LI
  • FERNANDO V. LIMA
  • LE QUYEN LUU
  • GAURAV V. MIRLEKAR
  • SAMUEL A. MORTON III
  • STAVROS PAPADOKONSTANTAKIS
  • GERARDO RUIZ-MERCADO
  • SHWETA SINGH
  • RAYMOND L. SMITH
  • HAO SONG
  • LAKSHMI N. SRIDHAR
  • LELAND M. VANE
  • VICTOR M. ZAVALA
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  • FOREWORD
  • PREFACE
  • WHY THIS BOOK?
  • HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY
  • SUSTAINABILITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • BOOK CONTENT AND PURPOSE
  • IN SUMMARY
  • One - Towards More Sustainable Chemical Engineering Processes: Integrating Sustainable and Green Chemistry Into the ...
  • UNDERPINNINGS OF GREEN CHEMISTRY
  • How Did We Get Here?
  • Hazard and Risk
  • Waste and Hazard Are Insufficient
  • THE PRINCIPLES AND IMPLICATIONS
  • Maximizing Resource Efficiency
  • Eliminating and Minimizing Hazards and Pollution
  • Design Systems Holistically and Using Life Cycle Thinking
  • PROBLEMS WITH CHEMICALS AND REACTION SPACES
  • Chemical Reactivity
  • Solvents-Why We Use Them and Can We Eliminate Them?
  • Reaction Spaces
  • THINKING ABOUT WHAT MORE SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING MIGHT LOOK LIKE
  • Implications of Different Chemical Feedstocks
  • Framework Molecules-Moving From Petroleum to Sugars, Lignocellulosics, and Proteins
  • Catalysis
  • Implications of Biocatalysis
  • Reducing the Number of Steps
  • TYING IT ALL TOGETHER
  • DISCLAIMER
  • REFERENCES
  • Two - Separations Versus Sustainability: There Is No Such Thing As a Free Lunch
  • THE SEPARATIONS DILEMMA AND IMPERATIVE
  • METHODS OF ANALYSIS
  • SEPARATION ALTERNATIVES
  • Distillation
  • Extraction: Liquid-Liquid Extraction, Gas Stripping, Adsorption, and Absorption
  • Membrane-Based Separation Processes
  • Hybrids!
  • EXAMPLES
  • Example 1: Desalination
  • Example 2: CO2 Capture
  • Example 3: Solvent/Water Separation
  • CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
  • DISCLAIMER
  • REFERENCES
  • Three - Conceptual Chemical Process Design for Sustainability
  • CONCEPTUAL CHEMICAL PROCESS DESIGN
  • SUSTAINABILITY APPROACH FOR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
  • EXAMPLE: CHLOR-ALKALI PRODUCTION WITH HUMAN TOXICITY POTENTIAL ANALYSIS
  • Analysis of Process Economics
  • Analysis of Human Toxicity Potential
  • DISCUSSION
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • DISCLAIMER
  • REFERENCES
  • Four - Process Integration for Sustainable Design
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MASS INTEGRATION
  • PROPERTY INTEGRATION
  • ENERGY INTEGRATION
  • MULTISCALE APPROACHES
  • Integration of Process and Molecular Design
  • Integration of the Process With Surrounding Environment
  • Eco-Industrial Parks
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Five - Modeling and Advanced Control for Sustainable Process Systems
  • INTRODUCTION TO SUSTAINABLE PROCESS SYSTEMS
  • PROPOSED APPROACH: MODELING, ADVANCED CONTROL, AND SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT
  • Fermentation Process Model
  • Advanced Control Approach
  • Sustainability Assessment
  • Efficiency Indicators
  • Environmental Indicators
  • Economic Indicators
  • CASE STUDY: FERMENTATION FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  • SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT AND PROCESS CONTROL
  • CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
  • NOMENCLATURE
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  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Six - Sustainable Engineering Economic and Profitability Analysis
  • INTRODUCTION
  • ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS
  • SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS
  • EVALUATION OF DESIGN ALTERNATIVES BY CONSIDERING VARIOUS SUSTAINABILITY MEASURES
  • EXAMPLE: BIOETHANOL PROCESS
  • Corn Dry Grind Versus Corn Wet Milling
  • Process Modeling
  • Sustainability Indicators
  • CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • NOMENCLATURE
  • REFERENCES
  • Seven - Managing Conflicts Among Decision Makers in Multiobjective Design and Operations*
  • INTRODUCTION
  • APPROACH
  • ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES
  • Generation Expansion
  • Energy-Comfort Management in Buildings
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Eight - Sustainable System Dynamics: A Complex Network Analysis
  • INTRODUCTION
  • SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM DYNAMIC MODELS
  • Model 1: The Simple Model
  • Model 2: The Intermediate Integrated Model
  • Model 3: The Integrated Ecological and Economic Model
  • CONTROLLABILITY ANALYSIS
  • OPTIMAL CONTROL FOR DERIVING TECHNO-SOCIO-ECONOMIC POLICIES
  • Model 2: The Intermediate Model
  • Model 3: The Integrated Ecological and Economic Model
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Nine - Process Synthesis by the P-Graph Framework Involving Sustainability
  • INTRODUCTION
  • ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE
  • BASICS OF THE P-GRAPH FRAMEWORK
  • Structural Representation: P-Graph
  • Structurally Feasible Process Networks
  • Algorithms MSG, SSG, and ABB
  • SOFTWARE: PNS DRAW AND PNS STUDIO
  • Model Development by P-Graphs
  • Structural Analysis
  • Generate Structurally Feasible Flowsheets by Algorithm SSG
  • Economical and Ecological Analysis
  • Sensitivity Analysis of the Best Flowsheets
  • Evaluation of the Competitiveness of Emerging Technologies
  • Sustainability as Alternative Objective for Process Synthesis
  • SUMMARY
  • REFERENCES
  • Ten - Sustainability Assessment and Performance Improvement of Electroplating Process Systems
  • INTRODUCTION
  • FUNDAMENTALS FOR PROCESS SUSTAINABILITY
  • SUSTAINABILITY METRICS SYSTEM
  • Economic Sustainability
  • Environmental Sustainability
  • Social Sustainability
  • SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK
  • Technology Evaluation
  • Investment Assessment
  • Goal Setting and Need for Sustainability Performance Improvement
  • Technology Selection
  • CASE STUDY
  • Technology Candidate Selection
  • Technology 1: The Cleaning and Rinse Operation Optimization Technology
  • Technology 2: The Optimal Water Use and Reuse Network Design Technology
  • Technology 3: The Near-Zero Chemical and Metal Discharge Technology
  • Technology 4: The Environmentally Conscious Dynamic Hoist Scheduling Technology [23]
  • Sustainability Assessment of Technologies
  • Technology Recommendation
  • CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  • REFERENCES
  • Eleven - Strategic Sustainable Assessment of Retrofit Design for Process Performance Evaluation
  • INTRODUCTION
  • STATE OF THE ART
  • Sustainability in Retrofit Design
  • Economic Pillar
  • Environmental Pillar
  • Social Pillar
  • FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSMENT OF RETROFIT DESIGN ALTERNATIVES
  • Step 1: Identify Bottleneck
  • Step 2: Classify the Retrofit Action
  • Step 3: Define the Level of Analysis' Detail
  • Step 4: Select Economic, Environmental, and Social Indicators
  • Step 5: Report the Assessment Employed
  • CASE STUDY: ß-GALACTOSIDASE PRODUCTION
  • Step 1: Identify Bottleneck
  • Step 2: Classify the Retrofit Action
  • Step 3: Define the Level of Analysis' Detail
  • Step 4: Select Economic, Environmental, and Social Indicators
  • Step 5: Report the Assessment Employed
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Twelve - Chemical Engineering and Biogeochemical Cycles: A Techno-Ecological Approach to Industry Sustainability
  • MOTIVATION
  • Chemical Industry and Biogeochemical Cycles
  • Chemical Industry and the Carbon Cycle
  • Chemical Industry and the Nitrogen Cycle
  • LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS FOR CHEMICAL INDUSTRY INTERACTION WITH CARBON AND NITROGEN CYCLES
  • Eco-LCA Inventory
  • Direct and Indirect Impact/Dependence on Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles
  • CHEMICAL INDUSTRY PROFILE FOR CARBON
  • Chemical Industry Profile for Carbon Sequestration
  • Chemical Industry Profile for Carbon Emissions
  • CHEMICAL INDUSTRY PROFILE FOR NITROGEN
  • Nitrogen Mobilization Profile for Chemical Sectors
  • Nitrogen Product Profile for Chemical Sectors
  • Nitrogen Emissions Profile for Chemical Sectors
  • TECHNO-ECOLOGICAL APPROACH AND CHEMICAL INDUSTRY SUSTAINABILITY
  • REFERENCES
  • Thirteen - Challenges for Model-Based Life Cycle Inventories and Impact Assessment in Early to Basic Process Design ...
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Sustainability Frameworks for Process Design
  • Life Cycle Assessment Framework
  • Importance of Life Cycle Inventories
  • LCI ASPECTS IN EARLY TO BASIC PROCESS DESIGN STAGES
  • LCI Data Gaps and Process Design Decisions
  • Importance of the Process Scale
  • CASE STUDIES
  • CASE STUDY 1: LCA ASPECTS OF SOLVENT SELECTION POSTCOMBUSTION CO2 CAPTURE
  • Motivation
  • Process System and Scope of the LCA
  • Life Cycle Inventories: Short-Cut Models for Filling in Data Gaps
  • CASE STUDY 2: LCA ASPECTS IN THE DESIGN OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOREFINERIES
  • Motivation
  • Process System and Scope of the LCA
  • Life Cycle Inventories: Allocation Through Detailed Process Flowsheeting
  • Life Cycle Inventories: Model-Based Calculations for Impact Assessment
  • CASE STUDY 3: POLY(METHYL METHACRYLATE) RECYCLING PROCESS
  • Motivation
  • Process System and Scope of the LCA
  • Life Cycle Inventories: Background Information and Process Simulation
  • Life Cycle Inventories: Global Market Data and Process Size
  • CONCLUSIONS AND OUTLOOK
  • REFERENCES
  • Fourteen - Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment: A Holistic Evaluation of Social, Economic, and Environmental Impacts
  • INTRODUCTION
  • METHODOLOGIES FOR ASSESSING LIFE CYCLE SUSTAINABILITY
  • THREE PILLARS OF SUSTAINABILITY AND THE NEED FOR LIFE CYCLE SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT
  • CASE STUDY OF RICE HUSK-BASED ELECTRICITY AND COAL-FIRED ELECTRICITY
  • Reference System: Electricity From Coal
  • Prospective System: Bioelectricity From Rice Husk
  • GOAL AND SCOPE DEFINITION
  • INVENTORY ANALYSIS
  • RESULTS
  • Life Cycle Inventory Results
  • Impact Assessment Results
  • INTEGRATED RESULTS OF SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT
  • SOME REMARKS ON THE METHODOLOGY
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Fifteen - Embedding Sustainability in Product and Process Development-The Role of Process Systems Engineers
  • INTRODUCTION
  • MATERIAL SELECTION
  • Solvents
  • Reagents
  • Formulation Ingredients
  • PROCESS DESIGN, SYNTHESIS, AND INTEGRATION
  • Process Integration
  • Heat Exchange Networks and Mass Exchange Networks
  • PROCESS INTENSIFICATION
  • HAZARD ASSESSMENTS AND INHERENT SAFETY
  • IMPACTS THROUGHOUT THE SUPPLY CHAIN-LIFE CYCLE THINKING
  • MODELING AND COMPUTER-AIDED TOOLS
  • FUTURE OUTLOOK
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • INDEX
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Back Cover

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