Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management

 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 5. Juli 2017
  • |
  • XI, 698 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Wasserzeichen-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-319-57706-7 (ISBN)
 

The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. The most damaging diseases include: (1) infectious degeneration; (2) leafroll disease complex; and (3) rugose wood complex. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de

cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction.

The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important. This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions. It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.
1st ed. 2017
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • 16
  • |
  • 76 farbige Abbildungen, 16 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 16 schwarz-weiße und 76 farbige Abbildungen, Bibliographie
  • 20,52 MB
978-3-319-57706-7 (9783319577067)
10.1007/978-3-319-57706-7
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Assoc.Prof. Baozhong Meng, University of Guelph, College of Biological Science, Guelph N1G 2W1, CanadaProf. Giovanni P. Martelli, Universita Degli Studi Di Bari, Dipt. Protezione Delle Piante Dalle, 70121 Bari, ItalyProf. Deborah A. Golino, University of California, Foundation Plant Services, Davis, CA 95616-8751, USAAssoc.Prof. Marc Fuchs, Department of Plant Pathology, and Plant-Microbe Interactions, Cornell University, Ithaca,NY 14853-5905, USA
SECTION I: An overview on grapevine viruses, viroids and the diseases they cause Chapter 1: The grapevine, viticulture and wine making - a brief introduction. A.G. Reynolds Chapter 2: An overview on grapevine viruses, viroids and the diseases they cause. G. P. Martelli Chapter 3: Grapevine fanleaf virus and other old world nepoviruses. M. Digiaro, T. Elbeaino and G.P. Martelli Chapter 4: Molecular, cellular and structural biology of Grapevine fanleaf virus. C. Schmitt-Keichinger, C. Hemmer, F. Berthold and C. Ritzenthaler Chapter 5: American nepoviruses. A. Rowhani, S.D. Daubert, J.K. Uyemoto, M. Al Rwahnih and M. Fuchs Chapter 6: Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 1. R. A. Naidu Chapter 7: Grapevine leafroll-asscoiated virus 2. E. Angelini, N. Abou Ghanem-Sabanadzovic, V. V. Dolja and B. Meng Chapter 8: Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3<. J.T. Burger, H.J. Maree, P. Gouveia and R.A. Naidu Chapter 9: Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 4. N. Abou-ghanem-Sabanadzovic, V. I. Maliogka and S. Sabanadzovic Chapter 10: Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 7. M. Al Rwahnih, P. Saldarelli and A. Rowhani Chapter 11: Grapevine vitiviruses. . Minafra, M. Mawassi, D. Goszczynski, and P. Saldarelli Chapter 12: Grapevine rupestris stem pitting-associated virus. B. Meng & A. Rowhani Chapter 13: Viruses involved in graft-incompatibility and decline. A. Rowhani, J.K. Uyemoto, D. Golino, S.D. Daubert and M. Al Rwahnih Chapter 14: Grapevine red blotch: molecular biology of the virus and management of the disease. Elizabeth Cieniewicz, Keith Perry and Marc Fuchs Chapter 15: Grapevine vein clearing virus: diagnostics, genome, genetic diversity and management. W. Qiu and J. Schoelz Chapter 16: Grapevine fleck and similar viruses. S. Sabanadzovic N. Aboughanem-Sabanadzovic and G.P. Martelli Chapter 17: Grapevine Pinot gris virus. P. Saldarelli, V. Gualandri and M. Glasa Chapter 18: Other grapevine viruses of lesser economic importance. G.P. Martelli, D. Golino and N.I. Katis Chapter 19: Viroids infecting the grapevine. F. Di Serio, K. Izadpanah, M. Hajizadeh and B. Navarro SECTION II: Methods for Diagnostics. Chapter 20: Biological assays. A. Rowhani, P. La Notte, J. K. Uyemoto, S. D. Daubert and V. Savino Chapter 21: Serological methods for the detection of major grapevine viruses. A.G Blouin, K.M Chooi, D.Cohen and R.M. MacDiarmid Chapter 22: Polymerase chain reaction methods for the detection of grapevine viruses and viroids. A. Rowhani, F. Osman, S.D. Daubert, M. Al Rwahnih and P. Saldarelli SECTION III: Effects of viral diseases, epidemiology and strategies for the control and management of viruses and viral diseases Chapter 23: The effects of viruses and viral diseases on grapes and wine. F. Mannini and M. Digiaro Chapter 24: Vector transmission of grapevine leafroll-associated viruses. E. Herrbach, A. Alliaume, C. A. Prator, K. M. Daane, M. L. Cooper, R. P. P. Almeida Chapter 25: Ectoparasitic nematode vectors of grapevine viruses. P. Andret-Link, A. Marmonier, L. Belval, K. Hliebieh, C. Ritzenthaler and G. Demangeat Chapter 26. Management of Grapevine Leafroll Disease and Associated Vectors in Vineyards. G. Pietersen, V.A. Bell and K. Krüger Chapter 27: Improvement of grapevine planting stock through sanitary selection and pathogen elimination. D. Golino, M. Fuchs, S. Sim, K. Farrar and G.P. Martelli Chapter 28: Regulatory aspects of grape viruses and virus diseases: certification, quarantine and harmonization. D. Golino, M. Fuchs, M. Al Rwanih, K. Farrar, A. Schmidt and G.P. Martelli Chapter 29: Novel approaches for viral disease management. M. Fuchs and O. Lemaire SECTION IV: Evolution and biotechnological applications of grapevine viruses Chapter 30: High-throughput sequencing: advantages beyond virus identification. Pasquale Saldarelli, Annalisa Giampetruzzi, Hans J. Maree , Maher Al Rwahnih Chapter 31: Biotechnology applications of grapevine viruses. V. V. Dolja and B. Meng Chapter 32: Evolutionary aspects of grapevine virology. V. V. Dolja, B. Meng and G.P. Martelli Chapter 33: Concluding remarks and future directions. G. P. Martelli

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