Although he was alive around 300 BCE, Chinese philosopher Mencius helped pave the way for future generations of Chinese thinkers and theologians. He is best known for his work with Confucianism, and his interpretations of Confucius' sayings shaped the way that the religion is now practiced. He also was one of the scholars at the Jixia Academy, a prestigious school for philosophers. His status allowed him to be one of China's most respected officials. Mencius maintained a high regard for education, but he was very specific on how he thought people should learn. He denounced memorization and other elementary forms of learning. Instead, he wanted people to awaken their cognizance and realize how powerful their minds could be. Mencius also believed that mankind was essentially good; however, society was a negative influence on peoples' behavior. He hoped that his influence would steer his culture in the right direction in order to help people grasp their full potential for goodness. This swayed his opinions on politics, as he believed that politicians should only stay in power as long as they were working on behalf of the public's best interest. These ideas and more are explored in the extensive collection of "The Life and Works of Mencius."
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- Title page
- CHAPTER I. OF THE WORKS OF MENCIUS.
- SECTION I. THEIR RECOGNITION UNDER THE HAN DYNASTY, AND BEFORE IT.
- SECTION II. CHAOU K'E AND HIS LABORS UPON MENCIUS.
- SECTION III. OTHER COMMENTATORS.
- SECTION IV. INTEGRITY
- AND RECEPTION AMONG THE CLASSICAL BOOKS.
- CHAPTER II. MENCIUS AND HIS OPINIONS.
- SECTION I. LIFE OF MENCIUS.
- SECTION II. HIS INFLUENCE AND OPINIONS.
- I. THAT THE NATURE IS EVIL.
- II. AN EXAMINATION OF THE NATURE OF MAN.
- CHAPTER III. OF YANG CHOO AND MIH TEIH.
- SECTION I. THE OPINIONS OF YANG CHOO.
- SECTION II. THE OPINIONS OF MIH TEIH.
- UNIVERSAL LOVE. PART I.
- UNIVERSAL LOVE. PART II.
- UNIVERSAL LOVE. PART III.
- THE WORKS OF MENCIUS.
- BOOK I. KING HWUY OF LÃ?ANG. PART I.
- BOOK I. KING HWUY OF LÃ?ANG. PART II.
- BOOK II. KUNG-SUN CH'OW. PART I.
- BOOK III. T'Ä?NO WÄ?N KUNG. PART I.
- BOOK III. T'Ä?NO WÄ?N KUNG. PART II.
- BOOK IV. LE LOW. PART I.
- BOOK IV. LE LOW. PART II.
- BOOK V. WAN CHANG. PART I.
- BOOK V. WAN CHANG. PART II.
- BOOK VI. KAOU-TSZE. PART I.
- BOOK VI. KAOU-TSZE. PART II.
- BOOK VII. TSIN SIN. PART I.
- BOOK VII. TSIN SIN. PART II.