Checking is a very common concept for describing a subject's epistemic goals and actions. Surprisingly, there has been no philosophical attention paid to the notion of checking. This is the first book to develop a comprehensive epistemic theory of checking. The author argues that sensitivity is necessary for checking but not for knowing, thereby finding a new home for the much discussed modal sensitivity principle. He then uses the distinction between checking and knowing to explain central puzzles about knowledge, particularly those concerning knowledge closure, bootstrapping and the skeptical puzzle. Knowing and Checking: An Epistemological Investigation will be of interest to epistemologists and other philosophers looking for a general theory of checking and testing or for new solutions to central epistemological problems.
Guido Melchior is Privatdozent and project leader at the University of Graz and recurring visiting scholar at the University of Arizona. He has previously published in Philosophical Studies, Erkenntnis, and Episteme among other journals.
Part I: Checking
Chapter 1: Introduction: The Methodological Approach
Chapter 2: Modal Knowledge Accounts
Chapter 3: SAC: A Sensitivity Account of Checking
Chapter 4: Checking, Alternatives, and Discrimination
Chapter 5: Checking, Inferences, and Necessities
Part II: Checking and Knowledge Puzzles
Chapter 6: SAC and Knowledge Puzzles
Chapter 7: Checking and Bootstrapping
Chapter 8: SAC and the Skeptical Puzzle