Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

 
 
William Andrew (Verlag)
  • 4. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 19. Oktober 2016
  • |
  • 374 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-323-47888-5 (ISBN)
 

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, Fourth Edition provides a comprehensive collection of graphical multipoint and tabular data covering the permeation of liquids, vapors, and gases through plastic or polymeric materials, such as films, membranes, and containers.

This updated edition includes an entirely new chapter on sustainable and biodegradable polymers and an extensive introductory section covering fatigue, what it is, how it is measured, and the fundamentals of permeation and permeability properties. Foundational information is also provided on the production of films, containers, membranes, and the markets and applications for these materials.


  • Presents an essential reference tool: part of the daily workflow of engineers and scientists involved in the plastics industry and product design with plastics
  • Helps practitioners gain knowledge of exact permeation rates for liquids, vapors or gases through a range of polymeric materials
  • Enables engineers to improve performance of their products where permeability properties are important, from where packages need to be near-hermetically sealed, to where a selectively permeable barrier is required


Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978-2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.
  • Englisch
  • Norwich
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 45,18 MB
978-0-323-47888-5 (9780323478885)
0323478883 (0323478883)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Copyright page
  • Contents
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1 - Introduction to Permeation of Plastics and Elastomers
  • 1.1 - History
  • 1.2 - Transport of Gases and Vapors Through Solid Materials
  • 1.2.1 - Effusion
  • 1.2.2 - Solution-Diffusion and Pore-Flow Models
  • 1.2.2.1 - Dependence of Permeability, Diffusion, and Solubility on Pressure
  • 1.2.2.2 - Dependence of Permeability, Diffusion, and Solubility on Temperature-The Arrhenius Equation
  • 1.3 - Multiple Layered Films
  • 1.4 - Permeation of Coatings
  • 1.5 - Permeation and Vapor Transmission Testing
  • 1.5.1 - Units of Measurement
  • 1.5.2 - Gas Permeation Test Cells
  • 1.5.3 - Vapor Permeation Cup Testing
  • 1.5.4 - Standard Tests for Permeation and Vapor Transmission
  • 1.5.5 - Permeation Testing of Coatings
  • 1.5.5.1 - Electro Impedance Spectroscopy
  • 1.5.5.2 - Salt Spray/Humidity
  • 1.5.5.3 - Atlas Cell
  • 1.5.5.4 - Adhesion
  • 1.5.5.4.1 - Instron Peel Test
  • 1.5.5.4.2 - Pull-Off Adhesion Tests
  • References
  • 2 - Introduction to Plastics and Polymers
  • 2.1 - Polymerization
  • 2.1.1 - Addition Polymerization
  • 2.1.2 - Condensation Polymerization
  • 2.2 - Copolymers
  • 2.3 - Linear, Branched, and Cross-linked Polymers
  • 2.4 - Polarity
  • 2.5 - Unsaturation
  • 2.6 - Steric Hindrance
  • 2.7 - Isomers
  • 2.7.1 - Structural Isomers
  • 2.7.2 - Geometric Isomers
  • 2.7.3 - Stereosiomers-Syndiotactic, Isotactic, Atactic
  • 2.8 - Inter and Intramolecular Attractions in Polymers
  • 2.8.1 - Hydrogen Bonding
  • 2.8.2 - Van der Waals Forces
  • 2.8.3 - Chain Entanglement
  • 2.9 - General Classifications
  • 2.9.1 - Molecular Weight
  • 2.9.2 - Thermosets Versus Thermoplastics
  • 2.9.3 - Crystalline Versus Amorphous
  • 2.9.4 - Orientation
  • 2.10 - Polymer Compositions
  • 2.10.1 - Additives
  • 2.10.1.1 - Fillers, Reinforcement, Composites
  • 2.10.1.2 - Combustion Modifiers, Fire, Flame Retardants, and Smoke Suppressants
  • 2.10.1.3 - Release Agents
  • 2.10.1.4 - Slip Additives/Internal Lubricants
  • 2.10.1.5 - Antiblock Additives
  • 2.10.1.6 - Catalysts
  • 2.10.1.7 - Impact Modifiers and Tougheners
  • 2.10.1.8 - UV Stabilizers
  • 2.10.1.9 - Optical Brighteners
  • 2.10.1.10 - Plasticizers
  • 2.10.1.11 - Pigments, Extenders, Dyes, Mica
  • 2.10.1.11.1 - Titanium Dioxide
  • 2.10.1.11.2 - Carbon Black
  • 2.10.1.12 - Coupling Agents
  • 2.10.1.13 - Thermal Stabilizers
  • 2.10.1.14 - Antistats
  • 2.11 - Polymer Nomenclature
  • 2.12 - Summary
  • References
  • 3 - Production of Films, Containers, and Membranes
  • 3.1 - Extrusion
  • 3.2 - Blown Film
  • 3.3 - Calendering
  • 3.4 - Casting Film Lines
  • 3.5 - Postfilm Formation Processing
  • 3.6 - Web Coating
  • 3.6.1 - Gravure Coating
  • 3.6.2 - Reverse Roll Coating
  • 3.6.3 - Knife On Roll Coating
  • 3.6.4 - Metering Rod (Meyer Rod) Coating
  • 3.6.5 - Slot Die (Slot, Extrusion) Coating
  • 3.6.6 - Immersion (Dip) Coating
  • 3.6.7 - Vacuum Deposition
  • 3.6.8 - Web Coating Process Summary
  • 3.7 - Lamination
  • 3.7.1 - Hot Roll/Belt Lamination
  • 3.7.2 - Flame Lamination
  • 3.7.3 - Orientation
  • 3.7.4 - Machine Direction Orientation
  • 3.7.5 - Biaxial Orientation
  • 3.7.6 - Blown Film Orientation
  • 3.8 - Skiving
  • 3.9 - Membrane Production
  • 3.10 - Molding of Containers
  • 3.10.1 - Blow Molding
  • 3.10.2 - Extrusion Blow Molding
  • 3.10.3 - Injection Blow Molding
  • 3.10.4 - Stretch Blow Molding
  • 3.10.5 - Rotational Molding/Rotomolding
  • 3.11 - Fluorination
  • 3.11.1 - Permeation Testing of Fluorinated Containers
  • 3.12 - Coatings
  • 3.13 - Summary
  • References
  • 4 - Markets and Applications for Films, Containers, and Membranes
  • 4.1 - Barrier Films in Packaging
  • 4.1.1 - Water Vapor
  • 4.1.2 - Atmospheric Gases
  • 4.1.3 - Odors and Flavors
  • 4.1.4 - Markets and Applications of Barrier Films
  • 4.1.5 - EVALT EVOH Based Multiple Layered Films and Their Applications
  • 4.1.6 - Some Illustrated Applications of Multiple Layered Films
  • 4.2 - Containers
  • 4.3 - Automotive Fuel Tanks and Hoses
  • 4.4 - Coatings
  • 4.5 - Gloves
  • 4.6 - Membranes
  • 4.6.1 - Plate and Frame Modules
  • 4.6.2 - Hollow Fiber Modules
  • 4.6.3 - Tubular Membrane Modules
  • 4.6.4 - Spiral-Wound Modules
  • 4.7 - Commercial Membrane Separation Processes
  • 4.7.1 - Dialysis
  • 4.7.2 - Reverse Osmosis
  • 4.7.3 - Pervaporation
  • 4.7.4 - Gas Separation
  • References
  • 5 - Styrenic Plastics
  • 5.1 - Polystyrene
  • 5.2 - Acrylonitrile-Styrene-Acrylate
  • 5.3 - Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymer
  • 5.4 - Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Copolymer
  • 5.5 - Styrenic Block Copolymers (SBC)
  • References
  • 6 - Polyester Plastics
  • 6.1 - Polycarbonate
  • 6.2 - Polybutylene Terephthalate
  • 6.3 - Polyethylene Terephthalate
  • 6.4 - Liquid Crystalline Polymers
  • 6.5 - Polycyclohexylene-Dimethylene Terephthalate
  • 6.6 - Polyethylene Naphthalate
  • 6.7 - Copolyesters
  • References
  • 7 - Polyimides
  • 7.1 - Polyetherimide
  • 7.2 - Polyamide-Imide
  • 7.3 - Polyimide
  • 7.4 - Thermoplastic Polyimide
  • References
  • 8 - Polyamides (Nylons)
  • 8.1 - Polyamide 6
  • 8.2 - Polyamide 11 (PA 11)
  • 8.3 - Polyamide 12
  • 8.4 - Polyamide 46 (PA 46)
  • 8.5 - Polyamide 66
  • 8.6 - Polyamide 66/610 (PA 66/610)
  • 8.7 - Polyamide 6/12 (PA 6/12)
  • 8.8 - Polyamide 666 (PA 666 or 6/66)
  • 8.9 - Polyamide 6/69 (PA 6/69)
  • 8.10 - Amorphous Polyamide (Nylon)
  • 8.11 - PAA-Polyarylamide
  • 8.12 - PPA-Polyphthalamide/High Performance Polyamide
  • References
  • 9 - Polyolefins, Polyvinyls, and Acrylics
  • 9.1 - Polyethylene
  • 9.1.1 - Unclassified Polyethylene
  • 9.1.2 - Ultra low Density Polyethylene
  • 9.1.3 - Linear Low Density Polyethylene
  • 9.1.4 - Low Density Polyethylene
  • 9.1.5 - Medium Density Polyethylene
  • 9.1.6 - High Density Polyethylene
  • 9.2 - Polypropylene
  • 9.3 - Polybutadiene
  • 9.4 - Polymethyl Pentene
  • 9.5 - Cyclic Olefin Copolymer
  • 9.6 - Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Copolymer
  • 9.7 - Ethylene-Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer
  • 9.8 - Polyvinyl Butyral
  • 9.9 - Polyvinyl Chloride
  • 9.10 - Polyvinyl Alcohol
  • 9.11 - Polyvinylidene Chloride
  • 9.12 - Polyacrylics
  • 9.13 - Acrylonitrile-Methyl Acrylate Copolymer
  • 9.14 - Ionomers
  • 9.14.1 - Ionomer-Ethylene Acrylic Acid Copolymer
  • 9.14.2 - Ionomer-Perfluorosulfonic acid
  • References
  • 10 - Elastomers and Rubbers
  • 10.1 - Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers
  • 10.2 - Olefinic Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • 10.3 - Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers
  • 10.4 - Thermoplastic Polyether Block Polyamide Elastomers
  • 10.5 - Styrenic Block Copolymer Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • 10.6 - Ethylene Acrylic Elastomers
  • 10.7 - Bromobutyl Rubber
  • 10.8 - Butyl Rubber
  • 10.9 - Chlorobutyl Rubber (Polychloroprene)
  • 10.10 - Ethylene-Propylene Rubbers
  • 10.11 - Epichlorohydrin Rubber
  • 10.12 - Fluoroelastomers
  • 10.13 - Natural Rubber
  • 10.14 - Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Copolymer
  • 10.15 - Styrene-Butadiene-Rubber
  • 10.16 - Polysiloxane/Silicone Rubber
  • References
  • 11 - Fluoropolymers
  • 11.1 - Polytetrafluoroethylene
  • 11.2 - Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene
  • 11.3 - Perfluoroalkoxy
  • 11.3.1 - PFA
  • 11.3.2 - MFA
  • 11.4 - Hexafluoropropylene, Tetrafluoroethylene, Ethylene Terpolymer
  • 11.5 - Tetrafluoroethylene, Hexafluoropropylene, Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymer (THVT)
  • 11.6 - Amorphous Fluoropolymer-Teflon AF®
  • 11.7 - Polyvinyl Fluoride
  • 11.8 - Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
  • 11.9 - Polyvinylidene Fluoride
  • 11.10 - Ethylene-Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer
  • 11.11 - Ethylene-Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer
  • 11.12 - Summary
  • References
  • 12 - High Temperature/High Performance Polymers
  • 12.1 - Polyaryletherketones
  • 12.2 - Polyphenylene Sulfide
  • 12.3 - Polysulfone
  • 12.4 - Polyethersulfone
  • 12.5 - Polybenzimidazole
  • 12.6 - Parylene [poly(p-xylylene)]
  • 12.7 - Polyoxymethylene (POM or Acetal Homopolymer)/ Polyoxymethylene Copolymer (POM-Co or Acetal Copolymer)
  • References
  • 13 - Environmentally Friendly Polymers
  • 13.1 - CellophaneT
  • 13.2 - Nitrocellulose
  • 13.3 - Cellulose Acetate
  • 13.4 - Ethyl Cellulose
  • 13.5 - Polycaprolactone
  • 13.6 - Poly(Lactic Acid)
  • 13.7 - Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate
  • 13.8 - Polyglycolic Acid
  • References
  • 14 - Mutilayered Films
  • 14.1 - Metalized Films
  • 14.2 - Silicon Oxide Coating Technology
  • 14.3 - Cocontinuous Lamellar Structures
  • 14.4 - Permeation of Multilayered Films
  • References
  • Appendix I: - Conversion Factors
  • Permeability Coefficients
  • Vapor Permeation Rates
  • Appendix II: - Reference Fuel Compositions
  • Appendix III: - Gloves
  • Index
  • Back cover

Dateiformat: EPUB
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat EPUB ist sehr gut für Romane und Sachbücher geeignet - also für "fließenden" Text ohne komplexes Layout. Bei E-Readern oder Smartphones passt sich der Zeilen- und Seitenumbruch automatisch den kleinen Displays an. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Dateiformat: PDF
Kopierschutz: Adobe-DRM (Digital Rights Management)

Systemvoraussetzungen:

Computer (Windows; MacOS X; Linux): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose Software Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

Tablet/Smartphone (Android; iOS): Installieren Sie bereits vor dem Download die kostenlose App Adobe Digital Editions (siehe E-Book Hilfe).

E-Book-Reader: Bookeen, Kobo, Pocketbook, Sony, Tolino u.v.a.m. (nicht Kindle)

Das Dateiformat PDF zeigt auf jeder Hardware eine Buchseite stets identisch an. Daher ist eine PDF auch für ein komplexes Layout geeignet, wie es bei Lehr- und Fachbüchern verwendet wird (Bilder, Tabellen, Spalten, Fußnoten). Bei kleinen Displays von E-Readern oder Smartphones sind PDF leider eher nervig, weil zu viel Scrollen notwendig ist. Mit Adobe-DRM wird hier ein "harter" Kopierschutz verwendet. Wenn die notwendigen Voraussetzungen nicht vorliegen, können Sie das E-Book leider nicht öffnen. Daher müssen Sie bereits vor dem Download Ihre Lese-Hardware vorbereiten.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie in unserer E-Book Hilfe.


Download (sofort verfügbar)

297,50 €
inkl. 19% MwSt.
Download / Einzel-Lizenz
ePUB mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
PDF mit Adobe DRM
siehe Systemvoraussetzungen
Hinweis: Die Auswahl des von Ihnen gewünschten Dateiformats und des Kopierschutzes erfolgt erst im System des E-Book Anbieters
E-Book bestellen

Unsere Web-Seiten verwenden Cookies. Mit der Nutzung des WebShops erklären Sie sich damit einverstanden. Mehr Informationen finden Sie in unserem Datenschutzhinweis. Ok