Science and the Global Environment

Case Studies for Integrating Science and the Global Environment
 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 3. September 2016
  • |
  • 514 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-801808-8 (ISBN)
 

Case Studies for Integrating Science and the Global Environment is designed to help students of the environment and natural resources make the connections between their training in science and math and today's complex environmental issues. The book provides an opportunity for students to apply important skills, knowledge, and analytical tools to understand, evaluate, and propose solutions to today's critical environmental issues.

The heart of the book includes four major content areas: water resources; the atmosphere and air quality; ecosystem alteration; and global resources and human needs. Each of these sections features in-depth case studies covering a range of issues for each resource, offering rich opportunities to teach how various scientific disciplines help inform the issue at hand. Case studies provide readers with experience in interpreting real data sets and considering alternate explanations for trends shown by the data. This book helps prepare students for careers that require collaboration with stakeholders and co-workers from various disciplines.

  • Includes global case studies using real data sets that allow readers to practice interpreting data and evaluating alternative explanations
  • Focuses on critical skills and knowledge, encouraging readers to apply science and math to real world problems
  • Employs a system-based approach, linking air, water, and land resources to help readers understand that cause-effect may be complex and solutions to environmental problems require multiple perspectives
  • Includes special features such as links to video clips of scientists at work, boxed information, a solutions section at the end of each case study, and practice exercises


Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont. After receiving his PhD in limnology at Michigan State University, Professor McIntosh taught at Purdue University and Rutgers University before joining the Rubenstein School at the University of Vermont. He chaired the Environmental Sciences major in the Rubenstein School from 1995 until 2013 and taught a number of environmental courses, including the introductory environmental science course each semester during that period. His research interests focused on the fate and effects of toxic contaminants in freshwater ecosystems. He has authored a number of scholarly publications in his area of expertise.
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • USA
Elsevier Science
  • 18,25 MB
978-0-12-801808-8 (9780128018088)
0128018089 (0128018089)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Science and the Global Environment
  • Science and the Global Environment: Case Studies for Integrating Science and the Global Environment
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1 - Tools and Skills
  • Introduction
  • Critiquing Statistics You Encounter
  • HOW TO SURVIVE IN SPIN CITY
  • In a Nutshell
  • The Take-Home Message
  • Practice
  • Experimental Design and Sampling
  • GETTING WHAT YOU WANT FROM YOUR DATA
  • In a Nutshell
  • Important Things to Remember About Experimental Design
  • Practice
  • Describing and Visualizing Data
  • EXAMINING THE DISTRIBUTION OF YOUR DATA
  • LOOKING FOR RELATIONSHIPS AND DIFFERENCES
  • Metrics to Describe Your Data
  • An Easier Way
  • Important Things to Remember About Descriptive Statistics
  • Practice
  • Examining Relationships: Correlations
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • WHEN TO RUN A PEARSON'S CORRELATION (R)
  • WHAT THE PEARSON'S CORRELATION TELLS YOU
  • The Strength of Relationships Between Variables
  • The Nature of the Relationship
  • The Significance of the Relationship
  • STEPS FOR THE INFERENTIAL PEARSON'S CORRELATION TEST
  • IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT CORRELATIONS
  • Practice
  • Testing for Differences Between Means:?t-Tests and Analysis of Variance
  • TWO GROUPS TO COMPARE?
  • t-Tests in a Nutshell
  • When to Run a t-Test
  • What the t-Test Tells You
  • IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT T-TESTS
  • THREE OR MORE GROUPS TO COMPARE?
  • Analysis of Variance F-test
  • ANOVA in a Nutshell
  • When to Run an ANOVA
  • What the ANOVA Tells You
  • IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ANALYSES OF VARIANCE
  • Practice
  • Making Predictions: Regression Analyses
  • REGRESSION IN A NUTSHELL
  • WHEN TO CREATE A LINEAR REGRESSION MODEL
  • STEPS FOR A LINEAR REGRESSION
  • IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT LINEAR REGRESSION
  • Practice
  • Chi-Square (?2) Test
  • MAKING IT COUNT: WORKING WITH FREQUENCIES
  • In a Nutshell
  • When to Use a Chi-Square Test
  • WHAT A CHI-SQUARE TEST TELLS YOU
  • Steps to Conduct a Chi-Square Analysis
  • Important Things to Remember about Chi-Square
  • Practice
  • Carbon Footprints
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • WHAT IS A CARBON FOOTPRINT AND HOW IS IT USED?
  • Some Examples of Carbon Footprints
  • An Important Thing to Remember About Carbon Footprints
  • Practice
  • REFERENCES
  • Ecological Footprints
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • HOW IS IT USED?
  • HOW IS AN ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT CALCULATED?
  • IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINTS
  • Practice
  • Cost-Benefit Analyses
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • HOW IT WORKS
  • Challenges
  • An Example From the Literature
  • Important Things to Remember About Cost-Benefit Analyses
  • Practice
  • REFERENCES
  • Environmental Risk Assessments
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • WHAT IS RISK AND HOW CAN IT BE MEASURED?
  • HOW IS AN ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT PERFORMED?
  • An Example
  • Practice
  • REFERENCE
  • Life Cycle Assessments
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • STEPS IN SETTING UP AND PERFORMING A LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
  • LIFE CYCLE INPUTS AND OUTPUTS
  • EXAMPLES OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS
  • Food Transport
  • IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
  • THINKING ECOLOGICALLY
  • Practice
  • REFERENCES
  • Geospatial Analyses
  • READING THE LANDSCAPE: GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES
  • In a Nutshell
  • Key Concepts
  • Things to Think About When Using Geospatial Tools
  • READING THE LANDSCAPE
  • Practice
  • Communicating Like a Professional
  • IN A NUTSHELL
  • WRITING
  • SPEAKING
  • Practice
  • 2 - Global Water Resources
  • Introduction
  • SURFACE WATER
  • GROUNDWATER
  • WATER MANAGEMENT
  • WATER CASE STUDIES
  • The Everglades: Changing Hydrology
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • THE PROBLEMS
  • The Causes
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • SYSTEMS CONNECTIONS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE IN ACTION: MONITORING WITH INDICATOR SPECIES
  • THE BIG PICTURE
  • SOLUTIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Mediterranean Sea: One System, Many Stressors
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • Fast Facts About the Mediterranean
  • THE PROBLEMS
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • THE BIG PICTURE
  • REFERENCES
  • Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • THE PROBLEM
  • IN-DEPTH: NITRATES AND THE GULF OF MEXICO: A SYSTEMS CONNECTION
  • The Chemistry of Nitrogen in Soils: How Does it Move so Easily from Field to River?
  • Environmental Science in Action
  • How Does Nitrogen Move Through the Mississippi River Into the Gulf of Mexico?
  • What Happens When Nitrates Enter the Gulf?
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • THE BIG PICTURE
  • SOLUTIONS
  • Biofuels the Answer?
  • REFERENCES
  • Restoration: A Tale of Two Rivers
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • THE PROBLEMS
  • THE GRAND CALUMET RIVER AND INDIANA HARBOR SHIP CANAL
  • Background
  • The Problems
  • THE RIVER THAMES: A SUCCESS STORY
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • A VERY DIFFERENT STORY: THE GRAND CALUMET RIVER
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • SOLUTIONS
  • CURRENT RESTORATION EFFORTS: GRAND CALUMET RIVER LEGACY ACT CLEANUP
  • REFERENCES
  • Ocean Acidification
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • THE PROBLEM
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • And There's This
  • RISK ASSESSMENT
  • Minimizing the Risks
  • REFERENCES
  • Groundwater: What Lies Beneath
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • KEY TERMS
  • FAST FACTS ABOUT GROUNDWATER (FAMIGLIETTI, 2014)
  • THE PROBLEM
  • What's the Problem With Nitrates in Groundwater?
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • GROUNDWATER QUANTITY: THE OGALLALA AQUIFER
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • THE BIG PICTURE: WILL THERE BE ENOUGH TO GO AROUND?
  • REFERENCES
  • China's Three Gorges Dam: Costs Versus Benefits
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • FAST FACTS
  • The Yangtze and Its Basin
  • Water Quality in the Yangtze
  • Three Gorges Dam and Reservoir
  • THE PROBLEMS
  • FISH HABITAT IMPACTS
  • Upriver Impacts
  • Downriver Impacts
  • WATER QUALITY IMPACTS
  • Upriver Issues
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • Downriver Issues
  • REFERENCES
  • 3 - Air Quality and Atmospheric Science
  • Introduction
  • THE BASICS OF OUR ATMOSPHERE
  • Key Air Quality Concepts
  • Sources and Types of Air Pollutants
  • AIR QUALITY AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE CASE STUDIES
  • Ozone Depletion
  • THE CHEMISTRY OF FIGURE OZONE DEPLETION
  • UV RADIATION IN A NUTSHELL
  • REFERENCES
  • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
  • THE PROBLEM
  • Movement of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Arctic Food Webs
  • Environmental Sciences in Action: Guano as a Biovector
  • Environmental Sciences in Action: Polar Bears as a Keystone Species
  • Effects of Persistent Organic Pollutants on Humans in the Arctic
  • REFERENCES
  • Particulate Matter (PM) Pollution
  • SOURCES OF PARTICULATE MATTER
  • Solutions
  • REFERENCES
  • Industrial Smokestack Pollution
  • REFERENCES
  • Household Air Pollution (HAP)
  • SOLUTIONS
  • OTHER INDOOR AIR QUALITY ISSUES
  • REFERENCES
  • Climate Change
  • ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE IN ACTION: ENVIRONMENTAL FORENSICS
  • APPROACH 1: CAP AND TRADE
  • APPROACH 2: CARBON TAX
  • REFERENCES
  • 4 - Human Impacts on the Global Landscape
  • Introduction
  • REFERENCES
  • Bark Beetle Infestation
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • THE PROBLEM
  • REFERENCES
  • Tar Sands
  • OVERVIEW
  • Terms to Learn
  • THE PROBLEMS
  • Implications for Climate Change
  • How Does Athabasca Oil Sands Region Rank as a Net Energy Source?
  • WHAT ABOUT THE ADDITIONAL RELEASE OF GREENHOUSE GASES FROM ATHABASCA OIL SANDS REGION?
  • REFERENCES
  • Desertification
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • Terms to Learn
  • THE PROBLEM
  • Environmental
  • Societal
  • FAST FACTS ABOUT DESERTIFICATION
  • Measuring the Extent of Desertification
  • Rocky Desertification in Southwest China
  • Quantifying the Impacts of Desertification
  • SOLUTIONS
  • Local Initiatives: Reusing Wastewater
  • Regional Initiatives: Great Green Walls
  • Global Initiatives: Grazing Livestock
  • LINKS BETWEEN DESERTIFICATION, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND GLOBAL SECURITY
  • IT'S DEVELOPED COUNTRIES TOO!
  • REFERENCES
  • Amazon Rainforest
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • THE PROBLEM
  • IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS
  • DEVELOPING A MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR THE AMAZON RAINFOREST
  • REFERENCES
  • Electronic Waste
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • Fast Facts About Cell Phones
  • Terms to Know
  • THE PROBLEM
  • LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS
  • The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone
  • Manufacture
  • Packaging and Transportation
  • Use
  • Disposal
  • CARBON FOOTPRINTS
  • ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINTS
  • ELECTRONIC OR E-WASTE
  • Fast Facts on E-waste
  • Environmental Sciences in Action
  • Government Regulation
  • Corporate Initiatives
  • Individual Responsibility
  • REFERENCES
  • Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
  • OVERVIEW
  • BACKGROUND
  • Fast Facts on Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Some Examples of GMOs
  • Common Applications
  • Innovative Applications
  • Environmental Applications (Moss, 2010)
  • Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Organism Crops
  • REFERENCES
  • 5 - Looking Ahead to a More Sustainable Future
  • Introduction
  • SUSTAINABILITY
  • NEW WAYS TO MEET OUR NEEDS
  • Food Supply
  • Energy for Electricity
  • Transportation
  • Green Buildings
  • MINIMIZING OUR IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
  • Wastewater Treatment
  • Curbing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Solid Waste Disposal
  • CHALLENGE ASSIGNMENT
  • Index
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • Y
  • Z
  • Back Cover

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