Military Anthropology

Soldiers, Scholars and Subjects at the Margins of Empire
Oxford University Press
  • erschienen am 1. Mai 2018
  • |
  • 503 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-19-093472-9 (ISBN)
In almost every military intervention in its history, the US has made cultural mistakes that hindered attainment of its policy goals. From the strategic bombing of Vietnam to the accidental burning of the Koran in Afghanistan, it has blundered around with little consideration of local cultural beliefs and for the long-term effects on the host nation's society. Cultural anthropology--the so-called "handmaiden of colonialism"--has historically served as an intellectual bridge between Western powers and local nationals. What light can it shed on the intersection of the US military and foreign societies today? This book tells the story of anthropologists who worked directly for the military, such as Ursula Graham Bower, the only woman to hold a British combat command during WWII. Each faced challenges including the negative outcomes of exporting Western political models and errors of perception. Ranging from the British colonial era in Africa to the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, Military Anthropology illustrates the conceptual, cultural and practical barriers encountered by military organisations operating in societies vastly different from their own.
  • Englisch
  • Oxford
  • |
  • USA
  • 3,69 MB
978-0-19-093472-9 (9780190934729)
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Montgomery McFate is Professor at the US Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. Formerly, she was the Senior Social Scientist for the US Army's Human Terrain System. McFate holds a PhD in Anthropology from Yale University, and a JD from Harvard Law School. She is the co-editor of Social Science Goes to War (2015).
Introduction: Gerald Hickey and the Dangers Inherent When Culture Matters Most Story of the Book Barriers and Impediments The Policy Implementation Problem Conclusion 1 Robert Sutherland Rattray and Indirect Rule Indirect Rule The Thorny Problems of Cultural Disjunction Conclusion 2 Ursula Graham Bower and Military Leadership Leadership Gender and Leadership Military Leadership In Extremis Cross-Cultural Leadership Cross Cultural In Extremis Military Leadership Conclusion 3 Gregory Bateson and Information Operations Losing the War of Ideas Bringing Culture Back into Information Operations Conclusion 4 Tom Harrisson and Unconventional Warfare Unconventional Warfare Local Knowledge Acculturation and Assimilation Adapting to the Indigenous Way of War Conclusion 5 John Useem and Governance Operations Military Government The Complexities of Governance Conclusion 6 Jomo Kenyatta, Louis Leakey and the Counter-Insurgency System Fantasy Ideology of Empire Asymmetry of Cultural Knowledge The Value of Cultural Knowledge Conclusion 7 Don Marshall and the Strategic Objective Fuzzy End States The Complexities of War and Social Change Conclusion Conclusion: David Prescott Barrows and the Military Execution of Foreign Policy Way of War Problem Exporting Western Models Self-Defeating Praxis Social Theory Problem Errors of Perception Adaptation (And Its Limits) Epistemology Problem Conclusion

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