Nominalization via Verbal Derivation

Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo
 
 
Harrassowitz, O (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen im August 2016
  • |
  • XVIII, 284 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF ohne DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-3-447-19484-6 (ISBN)
 
All languages are in a state of flux, and the viable ones employ various devices to introduce new words into their vocabularies. In the formation of new words and other expressions, noun formation or nominalization has pride of place over the other word-classes. Shimelis Mazengia describes and contrastively compares, in considerable detail, the mechanisms which three major Ethiopian languages use to satisfy their needs for nominals at word, phrasal and clausal levels - in other words, the operations utilized for lexical, phrasal, and clausal nominalizations. The languages in question are the Semitic languages Amharic and Tigrinya, and the Cushitic language Oromo. However, Amharic is sometimes considered to have undergone significant Cushitic influence and is therefore often assumed to be structurally intermediate between Semitic and Cushitic. The description and analyses take tone into account for Oromo, as tone is considered to have some bearing on the nominalization processes of the language.
The author is a native speaker of Amharic and Oromo and is also well acquainted with Tigrinya. His competence in the languages has helped him to insightfully deal with the description and analysis of the languages with a wealth of data.
1., Aufl.
  • Englisch
  • Wiesbaden
  • |
  • Deutschland
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • 14
  • |
  • 14 s/w Tabellen
  • |
  • 14 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
  • Höhe: 220 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 145 mm
  • 460 gr
978-3-447-19484-6 (9783447194846)
3447194847 (3447194847)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Cover
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Tables
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgements
  • Body
  • Chapter One - General Introduction
  • 1.0 Prelude
  • 1.1 The Languages
  • 1.2 Review of Related Literature
  • 1.2.1 Studies on Typology of Nominalization in General
  • 1.2.2 Nominalization in Modern Hebrew
  • 1.2.3 Studies on Nominalization in Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo
  • 1.3 The Present Study
  • 1.4 Objectives and Motivation
  • 1.5 Theoretical Stance
  • 1.6 Data and Methodology
  • 1.7 Transcription
  • Chapter Two Fundamental Concepts
  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Word and Word Formation
  • 2.1.1 Word
  • 2.1.2 Word Formation
  • 2.2 Derivation
  • 2.3 Suprasegmental Features
  • 2.3.1 Stress Accent
  • 2.3.2 Tone
  • 2.3.3 Pitch Accent
  • Chapter Three Action Nominalization
  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Nominalization of Verbs
  • 3.2 ANs from Non-derived Verbs
  • 3.2.1 Verbal ANs from Non-derived Verbs
  • 3.2.2 Deverbal ANs from Non-derived Verbs
  • 3.3 ANs from Unaffixed Derived Verbs
  • 3.3.1 Iterative Verbs
  • 3.3.2 Attenuative Verbs
  • 3.3.3 Intensive Verbs
  • 3.4 Action Nominalization from Affixed Derived Verbs
  • 3.4.1 Causative
  • 3.4.2 Adjutative
  • 3.4.3 Passive
  • 3.4.4 Middle
  • 3.4.5 Reciprocal
  • 3.5 Nouniness of ANs
  • 3.6 Summary
  • Chapter Four Argument Nominalization
  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 Arguments
  • 4.2 Four Distinct Argument Nominalizations
  • 4.2.1 Agent Nominalization
  • 4.2.2 Instrument Nominalization
  • 4.2.3 Result Nominalization
  • 4.2.4 Manner Nominalization
  • 4.3 Argument Types Patterned on Agent Nominalization
  • 4.3.1 Patient Nominalization
  • 4.3.2 Adjutant Nominalization
  • 4.3.3 Reciprocator Nominalization
  • 4.3.4 Causer Nominalization
  • 4.3.5 Experiencer Nominalization
  • 4.3.6 Theme Nominalization
  • 4.3.7 Source Nominalization
  • 4.3.8 Goal Nominalization
  • 4.3.9 Autobeneficiary Nominalization
  • 4.4 Phrasal and Clausal Argument Nominalization
  • 4.5 Summary
  • Chapter Five Nominalization in Compounding
  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Compounding
  • 5.2 The General Structure of Compounds in Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo
  • 5.2.1 Compound Noun
  • 5.2.2 Compound Adjective
  • 5.2.3 Compound Verb
  • 5.2.4 Compound Adverb
  • 5.3 Nominalization in Compounding
  • 5.3.1 Appositional Compound Nominalization
  • 5.3.2 Endocentric Compound Nominalization
  • 5.3.3 Exocentric Compound Nominalization
  • 5.4 The Criterion of Lexical Integrity
  • 5.5 Summary
  • Chapter Six Derivation of Nominals from Clauses
  • 6.0 Introduction
  • 6.1 The Syntax of Action Nominal Constructions (ANCs)
  • 6.2 Verbal and Nominal Categories of ANs
  • 6.2.1 Verbal Categories
  • 6.2.1.2 Negation
  • 6.2.2 Nominal Categories
  • 6.3 Functions of ANCs
  • 6.3.1 Subject
  • 6.3.2 Object
  • 6.3.3 Object of Adposition
  • 6.3.4 Genitive Function
  • 6.4 Summary
  • Chapter Seven Clausal Nominalization
  • 7.0 Introduction
  • 7.1 Complement Clause Nominalization
  • 7.1.1 Utterance Predicates
  • 7.1.2 Desiderative Predicates
  • 7.1.3 Epistemic Predicates
  • 7.2 Free (headless) Relative Clause Nominalization
  • 7.3 Contrasting Complement and Relative Clause Nominalizations with ANC
  • 7.3.1 Case
  • 7.3.2 Negation
  • 7.3.3 Subject Function in Matrix Clause
  • 7.4 Summary
  • Chapter Eight Contrastive Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix

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