Knowing New Biotechnologies

Social Aspects of Technological Convergence
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 20. Februar 2015
  • |
  • 434 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-317-69151-8 (ISBN)
 
The areas of personal genomics and citizen science draw on - and bring together - different cultures of producing and managing knowledge and meaning. They also cross local and global boundaries, are subjects and objects of transformation and mobility of research practices, evaluation and multi-stakeholder groups. Thirdly, they draw on logics of 'convergence': new links between, and new kinds of, stakeholders, spaces, knowledge, practices, challenges and opportunities. This themed collection of essays from nationally and internationally leading scholars and commentators advances and widens current debates in Science and Technology Studies and in Science Policy concerning 'converging technologies' by complementing the customary focus on technical aspirations for convergence with the analysis of the practices and logics of scientific, social and cultural knowledge production that constitute contemporary technoscience. In case studies from across the globe, contributors discuss the ways in which science and social order are linked in areas such as direct-to consumer genetic testing and do-it-yourself biotechnologies.Organised into thematic sections, 'Knowing New Biotechnologies' explores: ways of understanding the dynamics and logics of convergences in emergent biotechnologies governance and regulatory issues around technoscientific convergences democratic aspects of converging technologies - lay involvement in scientific research and the co-production of biotechnology and social and cultural knowledge.
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
2 Line drawings, black and white; 2 Halftones, black and white
978-1-317-69151-8 (9781317691518)
1317691512 (1317691512)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Matthias Wienroth is Research Fellow at the Northumbria University Centre for Forensic Science and Associate Researcher at the Policy, Ethics and Life Sciences research centre, Newcastle University. He studies science-society relationships and the opportunities of cross-disciplinary knowledge production for socially responsible technology development.


Eugenia Rodrigues is Research Fellow at the University of Edinburgh. Trained in sociology at the Universities of Coimbra (Portugal) and York (UK), her research interests lie at the intersection of environmental sociology and STS with a particular interest in contemporary expert-lay relations and their implications for knowledge democratisation.
  • Cover
  • Half Title
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • List of figures
  • List of contributors
  • Acknowledgement
  • Part I: Introduction
  • 1. An introduction to social convergences
  • Introduction
  • Understanding social convergences
  • Book overview
  • References
  • 2. Distinguishing the umbrella promise of Converging Technology from the dynamics of Technology Convergence
  • Introduction
  • Converging Technologies and NBIC as policy-level visions
  • Technology convergence in new fields of research and innovation
  • Technology convergence in research and product development
  • Concluding remarks
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part II: Dynamics and logics
  • 3. Why so many promises? The economy of scientific promises and its ambivalences
  • Introduction
  • Hype/disillusionment patterns
  • Contemporary features of scientific promises
  • The economy of promises and the regime of research
  • Convergence: matters of definition, matters of strategies
  • Nanotechnology or 'scientific promises as a literary genre'
  • Discussion
  • Notes
  • References
  • 4. Logics of convergence in NBIC and personal genomics
  • Introduction
  • 'Weak' and 'strong' analytical concepts of convergence
  • Promise, uncertainty and affect
  • Convergence of a third kind: personal genomics
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 5. The convergence of direct-to-consumer genetic testing companies and biobanking activities: the example of 23andMe
  • Introduction
  • Direct-to-consumer genetic testing
  • DTC GT companies as biobanks and their research activities
  • Discussion and conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Note
  • References
  • Part III: Governance
  • 6. The messiness of convergence: remarks on the roles of two visions of the future
  • Introduction
  • Going back to Bernal, inevitably
  • Convergence and its discontents
  • Conclusion: towards rational governance of visionary ideas?
  • References
  • 7. Mapping the UK government's genome: analysing convergence in UK policy one decade into the twenty-first century
  • Introduction
  • The study: methods and descriptive observations
  • Discussion and wider reflection on results
  • Acknowledgements
  • Notes
  • References
  • 8. Diagonal convergences: genetic testing, governance, and globalization
  • Introduction
  • Two philosophical approaches
  • 'Genetic exceptionalism', or the private management of personal data
  • DTCGT: a regulatory conundrum
  • Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD)
  • Converging technologies, normativity, and sociocultural differences
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part IV: Citizens, amateurs, and democratization
  • 9. Do-it-yourself biology, garage biology, and kitchen science: a feminist analysis of bio-making narratives
  • Introduction
  • Promissory democratization narrative, or hype?
  • Reconfigured narratives: kitchen science 2.0, Ms. Science, and feminist biohealth hacker
  • Conclusion: feminist thoughts on a bio-making future
  • References
  • 10. Amateurization and re-materialization in biology: opening up scientific equipment
  • Introduction
  • Amateur biology and open source
  • Reassembling and circumventing scientific equipment
  • Discussion: the politics of convivial equipment
  • Acknowledgements
  • Notes
  • References
  • 11. Converging technologies and critical social movements: an exploration
  • Introduction
  • Converging technologies
  • Critical social movements
  • Converging technologies and social movements
  • DIYbio as ambiguous discursive field
  • Discussion: divergences and convergences
  • Summary and suggestions for further research
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • 12. Rhetorics and practices of democratization in synthetic biology
  • Introduction
  • Democratizing expertise? Engineers, undergraduates, and citizen scientists as synthetic biologists
  • Democratizing ownership? Economic models and proprietary regimes for distributed innovation
  • Democratizing debate? Processes for governing synthetic biology
  • Conclusions
  • Notes
  • References
  • Part V: Commentary
  • 13. Considering convergences in technology and society
  • References
  • Index

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