Principles of Economics

 
 
Digireads.com Publishing
  • erschienen am 1. Februar 2012
  • |
  • 532 Seiten
 
E-Book
978-1-4209-2446-6 (ISBN)
 
Alfred Marshall (1842-1924) was one of the most influential English economists of his time. Known as one of the founders of neoclassical economics, Marshall desired to improve the mathematical rigor of economics and transform it into a more scientific profession. Although he took economics to a more mathematically meticulous level, he did not want mathematics to overshadow economics. Marshall began his significant work, the "Principles of Economics," in 1881 and spent much of the next decade at work on this discourse. "Principles" achieved worldwide reputation, becoming the most dominant economic textbook in England for many years. It positively shaped the teaching of economics in English-speaking countries. The main technical contribution was the masterful analysis of the issues of consumer surplus, increasing and diminishing returns, short and long terms, and elasticity. It brings the ideas of supply and demand, costs of production, and marginal utility into a coherent whole. In a broader sense, Marshall hoped to reconcile the classical and modern theories of value.
  • Englisch
  • Stilwell
  • |
  • USA
Neeland Media LLC
978-1-4209-2446-6 (9781420924466)
142092446X (142092446X)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Title page
  • PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
  • PREFACE TO THE EIGHTH EDITION.
  • BOOK I. PRELIMINARY SURVEY.
  • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION.
  • CHAPTER II. THE SUBSTANCE OF ECONOMICS.
  • CHAPTER III. ECONOMIC GENERALIZATIONS OR LAWS.
  • CHAPTER IV. THE ORDER AND AIMS OF ECONOMIC STUDIES.
  • BOOK II. SOME FUNDAMENTAL NOTIONS.
  • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY.
  • CHAPTER II. WEALTH.
  • CHAPTER III. PRODUCTION. CONSUMPTION. LABOUR. NECESSARIES.
  • CHAPTER IV. INCOME. CAPITAL.
  • BOOK III. ON WANTS AND THEIR SATISFACTION.
  • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY.
  • CHAPTER II. WANTS IN RELATION TO ACTIVITIES.
  • CHAPTER III. GRADATIONS OF CONSUMERS' DEMAND.
  • CHAPTER IV. THE ELASTICITY OF WANTS.
  • CHAPTER V. CHOICE BETWEEN DIFFERENT USES OF THE SAME THING. IMMEDIATE AND DEFERRED USES.
  • CHAPTER VI. VALUE AND UTILITY.
  • BOOK IV. THE AGENTS OF PRODUCTION.
  • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY.
  • CHAPTER II. THE FERTILITY OF LAND.
  • CHAPTER III. THE FERTILITY OF LAND, CONTINUED. THE TENDENCY TO DIMINISHING RETURN.
  • CHAPTER IV. THE GROWTH OF POPULATION.
  • CHAPTER V. THE HEALTH AND STRENGTH OF THE POPULATION.
  • CHAPTER VI. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING.
  • CHAPTER VII. THE GROWTH OF WEALTH.
  • CHAPTER VIII. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION.
  • CHAPTER IX. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION, CONTINUED. DIVISION OF LABOUR. THE INFLUENCE OF MACHINERY.
  • CHAPTER X. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION, CONTINUED. THE CONCENTRATION OF SPECIALIZED INDUSTRIES IN PARTICULAR LOCALITIES.
  • CHAPTER XI. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION, CONTINUED. PRODUCTION ON A LARGE SCALE.
  • CHAPTER XII. INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION, CONTINUED. BUSINESS MANAGEMENT.
  • CHAPTER XIII. CONCLUSION. CORRELATION OF THE TENDENCIES TO INCREASING AND TO DIMINISHING RETURN.
  • BOOK V. GENERAL RELATIONS OF DEMAND, SUPPLY AND VALUE.
  • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTORY. ON MARKETS.
  • CHAPTER II. TEMPORARY EQUILIBRIUM OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY.
  • CHAPTER III. EQUILIBRIUM OF NORMAL DEMAND AND SUPPLY.
  • CHAPTER IV. THE INVESTMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF RESOURCES.
  • CHAPTER V. EQUILIBRIUM OF NORMAL DEMAND AND SUPPLY, CONTINUED, WITH REFERENCE TO LONG AND SHORT PERIODS.
  • CHAPTER VI. JOINT AND COMPOSITE DEMAND. JOINT AND COMPOSITE SUPPLY.
  • CHAPTER VII. PRIME AND TOTAL COST IN RELATION TO JOINT PRODUCTS. COST OF MARKETING. INSURANCE AGAINST RISK. COST OF REPRODUCTION.
  • CHAPTER VIII. MARGINAL COSTS IN RELATION TO VALUES. GENERAL PRINCIPLES.
  • CHAPTER IX. MARGINAL COSTS IN RELATION TO VALUES. GENERAL PRINCIPLES, CONTINUED.
  • CHAPTER X. MARGINAL COSTS IN RELATION TO AGRICULTURAL VALUES.
  • CHAPTER XI. MARGINAL COSTS IN RELATION TO URBAN VALUES.
  • CHAPTER XII. EQUILIBRIUM OF NORMAL DEMAND AND SUPPLY, CONTINUED, WITH REFERENCE TO THE LAW OF INCREASING RETURN.
  • CHAPTER XIII. THEORY OF CHANGES OF NORMAL DEMAND AND SUPPLY IN RELATION TO THE DOCTRINE OF MAXIMUM SATISFACTION.
  • CHAPTER XIV. THE THEORY OF MONOPOLIES.
  • CHAPTER XV. SUMMARY OF THE GENERAL THEORY OF EQUILIBRIUM OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY.
  • BOOK VI. THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE NATIONAL INCOME.
  • CHAPTER I. PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF DISTRIBUTION.
  • CHAPTER II. PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF DISTRIBUTION, CONTINUED.
  • CHAPTER III. EARNINGS OF LABOUR.
  • CHAPTER IV. EARNINGS OF LABOUR, CONTINUED.
  • CHAPTER V. EARNINGS OF LABOUR, CONTINUED.
  • CHAPTER VI. INTEREST OF CAPITAL.
  • CHAPTER VII. PROFITS OF CAPITAL AND BUSINESS POWER.
  • CHAPTER VIII. PROFITS OF CAPITAL AND BUSINESS POWER, CONTINUED.
  • CHAPTER IX. RENT OF LAND.
  • CHAPTER X. LAND TENURE.
  • CHAPTER XI. GENERAL VIEW OF DISTRIBUTION.
  • CHAPTER XII. GENERAL INFLUENCES OF ECONOMIC PROGRESS.
  • CHAPTER XIII. PROGRESS IN RELATION TO STANDARDS OF LIFE.
  • APPENDIX A. THE GROWTH OF FREE INDUSTRY AND ENTERPRISE.
  • APPENDIX B. THE GROWTH OF ECONOMIC SCIENCE.
  • APPENDIX C. THE SCOPE AND METHOD OF ECONOMICS.
  • APPENDIX D. USES OF ABSTRACT REASONING IN ECONOMICS.
  • APPENDIX E. DEFINITIONS OF CAPITAL.
  • APPENDIX F. BARTER.
  • APPENDIX G. THE INCIDENCE OF LOCAL RATES, WITH SOME SUGGESTIONS AS TO POLICY.
  • APPENDIX H. LIMITATIONS OF THE USE OF STATICAL ASSUMPTIONS IN REGARD TO INCREASING RETURN.
  • APPENDIX I. RICARDO'S THEORY OF VALUE.
  • APPENDIX J. THE DOCTRINE OF THE WAGES-FUND.
  • APPENDIX K. CERTAIN KINDS OF SURPLUS.
  • APPENDIX L. RICARDO'S DOCTRINE AS TO TAXES AND IMPROVEMENTS IN AGRICULTURE.
  • MATHEMATICAL APPENDIX

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