This book discusses the development of promising technologies for compact antennas for high data-rate communications. It discusses and analyzes the design of compact ultra-wideband (UWB) and multiple input, multiple output (MIMO) antennas, providing essential know-how for designers, practicing engineers and scientists.
These wireless communication technologies enable consumers to have convenient access to a wide range of services - anytime, anywhere. And the introduction of wireless mobile access points eliminates the limitations to communication imposed by geographical location. The Internet has allowed people to access and share information much more rapidly, but in order to achieve higher data rates with the limited available resources and imposed constraints, wireless communication technology needs to be pushed beyond the physical limits of the propagation channel. This book contributes to achieving this goal.
Dr. Jagannath Malik received his Integrated Dual Degree (B. Tech and M. Tech) and Ph.D. in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee in 2011 and 2016 respectively. He is currently with Ulsan National Institute Science and Technology, Ulsan, Republic of Korea, as a post-doctoral research fellow in Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. His major field of research is antennas and microwave circuits for wireless communications and application of soft-computing techniques in microwave domain. He received Young Scientist award from Uttarakhand State Council for Science and Technology in 2012. He also received Young Scientist award from International Union of Radio Science (URSI) in 2015.Dr. Amalendu Patnaik received his Ph.D. in Electronics from Berhampur University, Odisha, India in 2003. He is currently an Associate Professor at the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee), India. In 2004-05, he was a visiting scientist at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA. He is the author/co-author of over 80 peer-reviewed papers in international journals and conferences, has co-authored one book on engineering electromagnetics, and a chapter on neural networks for antennas in the Modern Antenna Handbook (Wiley). His research interests include antenna array signal processing, application of soft-computing techniques in electromagnetics, computer-aided design (CAD) for patch antennas, electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). He was awarded the IETE Sir J.C. Bose Award in 1998, URSI Young Scientist Award in 2005 and BOYSCAST Fellowship from the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India in 2004-05. He serves as an editorial board member for the International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer Aided Engineering, and as an IEEE AP-S Region 10 Distinguished Speaker for 2015-16. Dr. Patnaik is a life member of the Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE) and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). Prof. M.V. Kartikeyan received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Physics and Electronics Engineering from Banaras Hindu University (BHU)/Indian institute of Technology-BHU, Varanasi, India, in 1985 and 1992, respectively. He was a research scientist at the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani, India, from 1989 to 2001 and also worked at the Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. He joined the Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee), India, as an Associate Professor, in 2003, and became a full Professor in 2009. He is the principal author of three books, more than 85 technical papers in peer-reviewed transactions/ journals, and around 190 conference publications. His current research interests include millimeter/terahertz (THz) wave engineering (high-power sources and components), microstrip antennas and filters, microwave integrated circuits, and radio frequency (RF) and microwave design with soft computing techniques. He is a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (UK), Institution of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineers (India), Institution of Engineers (India), and the Vacuum Electronic Devices and Applications Society (India). He currently serves on the editorial advisory board of the Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (Springer). Prof. Kartikeyan is a recipient of the Hildegard-Maier Research Fellowship for Electrical Sciences of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (1998-2000) and the Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellowship (2001-2003, June/July 2011, 2012).
1.1 Fundamental Limits in Channel Capacity
1.3 Research Objectives and Problem Statement
1.4 Organization of Book
2 Printed Antennas for High-Speed Communication Systems: Preliminaries and Review
2.1 Ultra-wideband Communication Systems
2.1.1 Brief History of UWB Technology
2.1.2 General Concepts of UWB Technology
2.1.3 Advantages of UWB Technology
2.1.4 Various Applications of UWB Technology
2.1.5 Antenna Requirements for UWB Technology
2.1.6 Characterization of UWB Antennas in Time-domain .
2.1.7 Revisiting Antennas for UWB Communications .
2.2 Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output Communication Systems .
2.2.1 Brief Description of MIMO Communication Systems .
2.2.2 Channel Capacity in MIMO Systems
2.2.3 Signalling Schemes in MIMO Systems
2.2.4 Antenna Diversity in MIMOS ystems
2.2.5 Revisiting Antennas for MIMO Communications . .
3 UWB Antennas with Notch: Design and Performance Analysis
3.1 Design and Analysis of Single band-notched Ultra-wideband Antenna
3.1.1 Introduction and Related Work
3.1.2 Antenna Design and Implementation
3.1.3 Results and Discussion
3.2 Design and Analysis of Dual Band-notched Ultra-wideband Antenna 35
3.2.1 Introduction and Related Work
3.2.2 Antenna Design and Implementation
3.2.3 Results and Discussion
3.3 Design and Analysis of Electronically Tunable Band-notched Ultra-wideband Antenna
3.3.1 Introduction and Related Work
3.3.2 Antenna Design and Implementation
3.3.3 Results and Discussion
3.4 Concluding Remarks
4 Band-notch Techniques in UWB Antennas: A Comparison
4.1 Design and Analysis of Band-notch Techniques in UWB Antenna &
4.1.1 Introduction an dRelated Work
4.1.2 Antenna Design and Band-Notch Implementation
4.1.3 Time-Domain Performance Comparison of Band-notch Techniques
4.2 Band-notched UWB Antenna with Shorted Quarter-wave Resonator
4.2.1 Antenna Design and Implementation
4.2.2 Results and Discussion
4.3 Concluding Remarks
5 Printed Antennas for MIMO: Exploitation of Pattern Diversity
5.1 Design and Analysis of MIMO Antenna with Omnidirectional PatternDiversity
5.1.1 Introduction and RelatedWork
5.1.2 Antenna Design and Implementation
5.2 Design and Analysis of MIMO Antenna with Pattern and PolarizationDiversity
5.2.1 Introduction and Related Work
5.2.2 Antenna Design andI mplementation
5.2.3 Results and Discussion
6 Printed Antennas for MIMO: Exploitation of Polarization Diversity
6.1 Introduction and Related Work
6.2 Antenna Design and Implementation
6.4 Concluding Remarks
7 Conclusion and Future Scope
7.1 Contribution of the book
7.2 Future Scope