Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems

14th Scientific and Technical Conference "Transport Systems. Theory & Practice 2017" Selected Papers
 
 
Springer (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 1. August 2017
  • |
  • XIII, 237 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
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978-3-319-64084-6 (ISBN)
 
This book is a collation of numerous valuable guidelines for making decisions based on recent advances and improvement of transport systems. Offering know-how and discussing practical examples as well as decision-making support systems it is of interest of those who face the challenge of seeking solutions to contemporary transport system problems on a daily basis, including local authorities involved in planning and preparation of development strategies for specific transport related areas (in both urban and regional dimension) as well as representatives of business and industry who participate directly in the implementation of traffic engineering solutions. The guidelines are provided in individual chapters, making it possible to address the given problem in an advanced manner and simplify the choice of appropriate strategies (including those related to increasing competitiveness of public transport; identifying bus lines to potentially be serviced by electric buses; pedestrian traffic solutions; developing bike-sharing systems; safety conditions in road tunnels; integrating supply chains or route planning support by means of technologically advanced systems and applications). On the other hand, since the book also addresses the new approach to theoretical models (including traffic flow surveys and measurements, transport behaviours, capacity models, delay modelling and road condition modelling), it appeals to researchers and scientists studying this body of problems.

The book entitled Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems includes selected papers submitted to and presented at the 14th Scientific and Technical Conference "Transport Systems. Theory and Practice" organised by the Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering at the Faculty of Transport of the Silesian University of Technology. The conference was held on 18-20 September 2017 in Katowice (Poland).

1st ed. 2018
  • Englisch
  • Cham
  • |
  • Schweiz
Springer International Publishing
  • 76
  • |
  • 100 farbige Tabellen, 76 s/w Abbildungen
  • |
  • 76 schwarz-weiße Abbildungen, 100 farbige Tabellen, Bibliographie
  • 47,01 MB
978-3-319-64084-6 (9783319640846)
10.1007/978-3-319-64084-6
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Intro
  • Preface
  • Organization
  • Organizing Committee
  • Organizing Chair
  • Members
  • The Conference Took Place Under the Honorary Patronage
  • Scientific Committee
  • Referees
  • Contents
  • Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering and Travel Models
  • Vehicle Speed Impact on the Design of Efficient Urban Single-Lane Roundabouts
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methodology
  • 2.1 Design Speed and Vehicle Path Radii
  • 2.2 Study Area and Data
  • 3 Results
  • 3.1 Results for 2016 Measurement
  • 3.2 Results Comparison
  • 4 Discussion and Conclusion
  • Acknowledgement
  • References
  • The Comparison of Models for Follow-up Headway at Roundabouts
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Comparison of Models for Follow-up Headway at Roundabouts
  • 3 Summary
  • References
  • Analysis of Selected Types of Transport Behaviour of Urban and Rural Population in the Light of Surveys
  • Abstract
  • 1 Role of Population Surveys
  • 2 Provincial Transport Plans as the Source of Data on Transport Behavior
  • 3 Testing Grounds
  • 4 Examples of Resident Transport Characteristics
  • 5 Summary and Conclusions
  • References
  • Selected Aspects of the Methodology of Traffic Flows Surveys and Measurements on an Urban Agglomeration Scale with Regard to ITS Projects
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Scope of TFSMs Necessary to Construct the Urban Agglomeration Transportation Model
  • 3 Guidelines for Determining the Points of TFSMs
  • 3.1 Measurement Points on the Screens and Cordons of the Study Area
  • 3.2 Measurement Points in the Transportation Network Within the Study Area
  • 4 Formal Description of the Issue
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • The Warehouse Location Problem in the Context of Vehicle Routing Problem in the Production Companies
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Mathematical Model of the Problem
  • 2.1 Assumptions
  • 2.2 The Input Data
  • 2.3 Decision Variables
  • 2.4 Constraints
  • 2.5 The Criterion Function
  • 3 The Ant Algorithm in the Warehouse Location - Routing Problem
  • 4 Implementation of Ant Algorithm
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Safety Analysis in Advanced Transport Networks and Transport Systems
  • Road Infrastructure Condition Assessment as Element of Road Traffic Safety - Concept of the RCT Solution in the S-mileSys Platform
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Solutions for Road Infrastructure Condition Assessment
  • 3 Describing Quality of Transport Roads in the S-mileSys System
  • 4 Requirements Towards Road Condition Tool
  • 5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Safe Routes as One of the Ways to Reduce the Number of Road Accidents Victims
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Safety Issues of the Most Vulnerable Road Users
  • 2.1 Technical Measures to Increase Proportion Walking and Cycling in Modal Split
  • 2.2 Organizational Measures of Safe Route's Planning
  • 2.3 Crossroads as a Source of Increased Danger
  • 3 Results and Discussion
  • 3.1 Using the Haddon Matrix to Improve Traffic Safety
  • 3.2 Proposed Algorithm of the Safest Route's Selection
  • 3.3 An Example of Route Planning: Case Study of Naberezhnye Chelny
  • 4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Impact of the Factors Determining the Natural Stack Effect on the Safety Conditions in a Road Tunnel
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Airflow in Tunnels
  • 3 Description of the Examined Tunnel
  • 4 Measurements of the Airflows
  • 5 The Results
  • 6 The Phenomenon of Natural Stack Effect in an Inclined Tunnel
  • 7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Studying the Behaviour of Pedestrians and Drivers Within Pedestrian Crossings
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Pedestrian Hazards in Poland
  • 3 Experience of Pedestrian Behaviour and Pedestrian - Driver Relation
  • 3.1 Polish Experience
  • 3.2 International Experience
  • 4 Pilot Tests in Poland
  • 5 The Results
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Failure Evaluation of the Level Crossing Protection System Based on Fault Tree Analysis
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Level Crossing Protection Systems
  • 2.1 Principle of Operation
  • 2.2 Safety Requirements
  • 3 Fault Tree Analysis
  • 3.1 Fault Tree Construction
  • 4 Summary
  • References
  • Determinants of the Development of Transport Systems in European Union
  • Transport Planning - It's Not Rocket Science
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Behavior and Transport
  • 2.1 Restricting Behavior
  • 2.2 Constructing Behavior
  • 2.3 Changing Behavior
  • 3 Sociological Approaches to Changing Travel Activity
  • 3.1 Three Elements of a Social Practice
  • 3.2 Changing Practices
  • 4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Parameters of Bus Lines Influencing the Allocation of Electric Buses to the Transport Tasks
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Methods of Selection of Variables in Transport Studies
  • 3 Electric Buses in Urban Public Transport
  • 3.1 General Assumptions of the System of Public Transport Operated by Electric Buses
  • 3.2 Identification of Parameters
  • 4 Determination of the Parameters of Bus Lines Which May Affect the Allocation of Buses to the Transport Tasks
  • 4.1 Selection Related to the Assumptions of the System of Public Transport Operated by Electric Buses
  • 4.2 Selection Depending on the Strong Ties to the Other Defined Factors
  • 4.3 Selection Due to the Fact that This Group of Factors Is not Affected by the Type of Applied Propulsion
  • 4.4 Selection for the Enhancement of the Universality of the Method
  • 4.5 Parameters Chosen to the Multi-criteria Analysis of the Bus Lines
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Possibilities for Enhancement of the Quality of Krakow's Tram Transport with Tunnel Sections
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Transporting Capacity for the Underground and Tram Lines
  • 3 Underground Train and Tramway Travel Time
  • 3.1 Time of Reaching (Leaving) to (from) the Stop
  • 3.2 Waiting Time for a Public Transport Vehicle
  • 3.3 Public Transport Vehicle Travel Time
  • 4 Possible Locations of Tram Tunnels in Krakow
  • 5 Expected Effects of Tramway Tunnels in City Center of Krakow
  • 6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Using GT Planner to Improve the Functioning of Public Transport
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 GT Planner
  • 3 Problem Statement
  • 4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Development of the Bike-Sharing System on the Example of Polish Cities
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Bike-Sharing Systems Development
  • 3 Availability of Bike-Sharing Systems in Poland
  • 4 Popularity and Prospects of Development of Public Bicycle System in Poland
  • 5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Bike-Sharing System
  • 6 Summary
  • References
  • Privatization of Entities in the Air Transport Sector - Airports
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Why Privatization?
  • 3 The Nature of Privatization Airport
  • 4 Polish Airport Industry in 2015
  • 5 Types of Privatization
  • 6 Some of Remarks About the Privatization Polish Airports
  • 7 Summary
  • References
  • The Problems of Optimisation of Transport Networks
  • The Impact of the Analysis Period on the Estimation Accuracy of Queue Lengths at Intersection Inlets with Traffic Lights
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The Currently Recommended Analysis Period Lengths in the Estimation of Traffic Conditions at Signalized Intersections
  • 3 The Analysis of Vehicle Queue Lengths Research Results
  • 3.1 The Analysis of Vehicle Queue Lengths Time Variability in Inlet Oversaturation
  • 3.2 The Analysis of Errors in the Estimation of Vehicle Queue Lengths for Various Analysis Periods
  • 3.3 The Comparison of Average Empiric Values with Theoretical Values
  • 4 Summary
  • References
  • Comparative Analysis of Chosen Adaptive Traffic Control Algorithms
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Related Work
  • 3 Theoretical Background
  • 3.1 Evaluating the Length of Queue Before the Crossroad
  • 3.2 Using Induction Loops Behind Crossroads
  • 3.3 CarInjection
  • 4 Research Finding
  • 4.1 Research Environment
  • 4.2 Simulation Scenario and Effectiveness Measures
  • 5 Test Methods of Algorithms for Adaptive Traffic Lights
  • 5.1 New Solutions Proposals
  • 6 Research Results
  • 7 Summary
  • References
  • Traffic Time Delay Modelling on the Intersection in the City of Martin, Using Software Aimsun
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Characteristic of the Chosen Intersection
  • 2.1 Realization and Evaluation of Junction's Transport Survey
  • 2.2 Evaluation of Transport Survey
  • 3 Capacity Calculations of the Chosen Intersection
  • 4 Modelling of the Chosen Intersection in the City of Martin
  • 4.1 Model Creation in Software Aimsun
  • 4.2 Modelling Results
  • 5 The Possibilities to Increase Safety on the Chosen Intersection
  • References
  • Mixed Public Transport Lines Construction and Vehicle's Depots Location Problems
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Transport System Design
  • 1.2 Objective of the Paper
  • 2 The Proposed Methodology of Solving Combined Lines Construction and Depots Location Problems
  • 2.1 General Assumptions
  • 2.2 Principles of the Methodology
  • 3 Verification of the Methodology
  • 3.1 Computational Experiments
  • 4 Conclusions
  • 4.1 Discussion on Results
  • 4.2 Further Steps
  • References
  • Computer Support of Decision-Making for the Planning Movement of Freight Wagons on the Rail Network
  • Abstract
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Research Matter in Literature
  • 3 The Model Movement of Full and Empty Wagons
  • 3.1 Assumptions
  • 3.2 The Input Data
  • 3.3 Decision Variables
  • 3.4 Constraints and Criterion Function
  • 4 The Algorithm of the Method
  • 5 Implementation of the Model in the Form of Simulation Package ModPCar - Case Study
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References
  • Author Index

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