In 1517, Martin Luther challenged the Catholic Church, and ultimately altered the course of European history, when he nailed his "95 Theses on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences" on the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. At the time, Renaissance humanists were beginning to oppose the reign of the Church and the wealth it accrued from taxes and the sale of Indulgences to the people. A monk and a scholar, Luther intended to promote independent thinking with the translation of the Bible into the vernacular. He wanted people to read the words and understand God in terms of their own experience. Unsurprisingly, he was ordered by the pope to print a retraction, which he refused; he was ultimately excommunicated, and his action prompted the Protestant Reformation. This edition contains Martin Luther's "95 Theses", as well as the three other primary works of Martin Luther: "To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation Respecting the Reformation of the Christian Estate", "Concerning Christian Liberty", and "On the Babylonish Captivity of the Church".
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- Title page
- INTRODUCTORY ESSAYS
- I. ON THE PRIMARY PRINCIPLES OF LUTHER'S LIFE AND TEACHING
- II. THE POLITICAL COURSE OF THE REFORMATION IN GERMANY
- FIRST PRINCIPLES OF THE REFORMATION.
- THE NINETY-FIVE THESES.
- INTRODUCTORY LETTER.
- DISPUTATION OF DR. MARTIN LUTHER CONCERNING PENITENCE AND INDULGENCES.
- THE THREE PRIMARY WORKS OF DR. MARTIN LUTHER.
- I. TO THE CHRISTIAN NOBILITY OF THE GERMAN NATION RESPECTING THE REFORMATION OF THE CHRISTIAN ESTATE.
- DEDICATORY LETTER.
- I. THE THREE WALLS OF THE ROMANISTS.
- II. OF THE MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE COUNCILS.
- III. TWENTY-SEVEN ARTICLES RESPECTING THE REFORMATION OF THE CHRISTIAN ESTATE.
- II. CONCERNING CHRISTIAN LIBERTY
- DEDICATORY LETTER OF MARTIN LUTHER TO POPE LEO X.
- CONCERNING CHRISTIAN LIBERTY
- III. ON THE BABYLONISH CAPTIVITY OF THE CHURCH
- CONCERNING THE LORD'S SUPPER
- CONCERNING THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM
- CONCERNING THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE
- OF CONFIRMATION
- OF MATRIMONY
- OF ORDERS
- ON THE SACRAMENT OF EXTREME UNCTION