Occupational Neurology

Handbook of Clinical Neurology Series
 
 
Elsevier (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 9. November 2015
  • |
  • 544 Seiten
 
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978-0-444-62628-8 (ISBN)
 

Occupational Neurology a volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology Series, provides a comprehensive overview of the science, clinical diagnosis, and treatment for neurotoxin related neurological and psychiatric disorders.

This timely collection provides not only a complete scientific reference on the chemical origin of this class of neurological and psychiatric disorders, but also a practical guide to diagnosis and treatment challenges and best practices.

Handbook of Clinical Neurology Series

The first volume of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology under the editorship of George Bruyn and Pierre Vinken was published in 1968. In 1982, the series was brought to an interim conclusion with the publication of the cumulative index volume (Volume 44). By that stage, the Handbook had come to represent one of the largest scientific works ever published. It enjoys a high reputation in specialist media circles throughout the world.

After the series was concluded in 1982, it was realized that an update of the material was imperative. Accordingly, a revised series was planned and published over the following years, concluding with the publication of another cumulative index to both series (Volume 76-78) in 2002. Since then, George Bruyn has passed away and Pierre Vinken has retired, but the need for a further new series, incorporating advances in the field, again become necessary.

Professors Michael J. Aminoff, François Boller and Dick F. Swaab have with enthusiasm taken on the responsibility of supervising the preparation of a third series, the first volumes of which were published in 2003. Now, more than 130 volumes after the first published, the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series continues to have an unparalleled reputation for providing the latest foundational research, diagnosis, and treatment protocols essential for both basic neuroscience research and clinical neurology.


  • Provides comprehensive coverage of neurotoxins, especially in the workplace
  • Details the latest science as the foundation for neurotoxicity diagnosis and treatment
  • Presents coverage of the diagnosis and treatment essential for clinical neurologists and occupational medicine specialists
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  • Front Cover
  • Occupational Neurology
  • Copyright
  • Handbook of Clinical Neurology 3rd Series
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Contributors
  • Contents
  • Introduction
  • Section I: Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Principles and Practice of Occupational Neurology: an Overview
  • Introduction
  • Outcome of Exposure
  • Establishing Causation
  • Neuroepidemiology
  • Clinical Diagnosis
  • Monitoring Workers At risk
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Evaluating Suspected work-related Neurologic Disorders (clinical diagnosis)
  • Introduction
  • History
  • Physical Examination
  • Laboratory Investigations
  • Examples of Laboratory Investigations in Acute Poisoning
  • Examples of Laboratory Investigations For neurotoxic Occupational Diseases
  • Electrophysiology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Sensory Evoked Potentials
  • Endogenous Potentials
  • Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Studies
  • Electromyography
  • Nerve Conduction Studies
  • Tests of Neuromuscular Transmission
  • Autonomic Function
  • Imaging
  • Neurobehavioral Testing
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Neuropsychologic Evaluation and Exposure to Neurotoxicants
  • Brief History of Neuropsychology
  • Clinical Assessment of neurotoxicant-affected Brain-behavior Relationships
  • Quantitative Risk Assessment
  • Neurotoxic Exposures in Occupational Settings
  • Referral Questions to the Neuropsychologist
  • The Neuropsychologic Assessment Procedure
  • Applications of Neuropsychologic Assessment
  • Record Review
  • Clinical Interview
  • Use of Questionnaires and Inventories
  • Sociodemographic Information and Lifestyle Information
  • Work/exposure History Questionnaire
  • Physical/medical Health Questionnaire
  • Symptom Questionnaire
  • Follow-up Questionnaires
  • Test Selection and Administration
  • Testing the Most Relevant Neuropsychologic Functions In neurotoxicology Research
  • Attention and Concentration
  • Memory
  • Working Memory
  • Learning and Retrieval
  • Visuoperception, Visuomotor, and Construction
  • Language and Verbal Fluency
  • Executive Functions, Reasoning, and Concept Formation
  • The Assessment of Effort
  • Psychomotor Efficiency, Tremor, and Reaction time
  • Sensory Function
  • Emotional Status
  • Brief Neuropsychologic Screening Test Battery Suited for Repeated Administrations
  • Sample Brief Screening Test Battery to Be Used With Large Groups of Workers
  • Types of Test Scores, Reliability, Validity, and cut-off Scores
  • Standard Scores
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Cut-off Scores
  • Treatment and Rehabilitation
  • Design of Neuropsychologic/neurotoxicant Research Studies
  • Resources of State and Federal Agencies That Address Neurotoxicant Exposures, Health Effects, and Enforcement of Occupational .
  • Us Environmental Protection Agency's (Epas) Integrated Risk Information System (Iris), According to Its Website: Htt...
  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (Atsdr), According to Its Website: Http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/
  • California Epa's Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (Oehha) as Per Its Website: Http://www.oehha.ca.gov/about/d..
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (Niosh)
  • Origin of Niosh And Osha
  • The National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (Npptl)
  • American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (Acgih): Http://www.acgih.org/
  • Additional Cdc/Niosh and Osha Resources
  • Cdc: Niosh Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/
  • Cdc: Chemical Safety: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/chemical-safety/
  • CalOsha: Department of Industrial Relations: Http://www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/
  • Cdc: Respirators: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/respirators/default.html
  • Cdc: Safety and Prevention: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/safety.html
  • Cdc: Traumatic Incident Stress: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/traumaticincident/default.html
  • Cdc: Work Schedules: Shift Work and Long Work Hours: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workschedules/default.html
  • Cdc: Carbon Monoxide Hazards From Small gasoline-powered Engines: Www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/co/default.html
  • Future Developments in Neuropsychology
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Exposure Assessment for Chemical and Physical Agents
  • Introduction
  • General Criteria of Risk Assessment: Definition of Exposure Limits
  • Exposure Routes
  • Inhalation
  • Dermal
  • Oral
  • Injection
  • Assessing the Level of Exposure
  • Exposure Limits
  • Metrics of Inhalation Exposure
  • Biologic Monitoring
  • When to Collect the Sample for Biologic (effect) Monitoring
  • Interfering Factors
  • Creatinine Correction
  • Biologic Effect Monitoring
  • Biologic Limits
  • How to Use and Interpret the Results
  • Exposure Assessment in the Clinical Setting
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 5: The Mechanisms of Neurotoxicity and the Selective Vulnerability of Nervous System sites
  • Introduction
  • Metabolic Substrates for Variability
  • Central Nervous System
  • Differential Regional Susceptibility to Axonopathy
  • Regional Specificity of Toxicants Targeting Myelin in The Cns
  • Regional Specificity of Toxicants Targeting Astrocytes in the Cns Prior to Neuronal Involvement
  • Microglial Activation in Response to Neurotoxicants
  • Blood-brain Barrier Susceptibility to Neurotoxicants
  • Peripheral Nervous System
  • Axonal Repair in The Pns
  • Chemically Induced Axonopathies in The Pns
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Section 2: Disorders Associated With Exposure to Neurointoxicants
  • Chapter 6: Occupation and the Risk of Chronic Toxic Leukoencephalopathy
  • Introduction
  • White Matter and Neurotoxicology
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • White Matter and Behavioral Neurology
  • Susceptibiliity to Neurotoxins
  • Evaluation of Leukotoxic Syndromes
  • History
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neuropsychology
  • Autopsy
  • Chronic Toxic Leukoencephalopathy
  • Background
  • Clinical Features
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neuropathology
  • Occupational Leukotoxins
  • Solvents
  • Metals
  • Pesticides
  • Hypobaria
  • What is the Risk of Ctl in Workers?
  • Uncertain Exposure
  • Combined Exposure
  • Uncertain cause-and-effect Relationship
  • Comorbid Medical Or Neurologic Disorders
  • Psychiatric Disorders
  • Litigation
  • Occupational Toxin Exposure and Alzheimer's Disease
  • Summary
  • Future Directions
  • Neuroimaging of white-matter Microstructure
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Neurotoxicity of Solvents
  • Organic Solvents
  • Occupational Use of Solvents
  • Work Tasks With High Risk Of Cse
  • Solvent Pharmacokinetics and Neurotoxicity
  • Solvent metabolism-related Neurotoxicity
  • Solvent-related Effects on the Neurotransmitter Systems
  • Solvent Encephalopathy
  • Symptoms and Clinical signs
  • Neurotoxic Symptom Questionnaires
  • Structural Findings in The brain
  • Findings By Functional Brain Imaging
  • Dysfunction in Cns Neurophysiology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction
  • Clinical Course Of Cse
  • Chronic Solvent Encephalopathy: Recognition of an Occupational Disease
  • Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Cse
  • Diagnostic Procedure
  • Differential Diagnoses
  • Prevention of solvent-related Adverse Effects And Cse
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Hydrogen Sulfide Intoxication
  • Context and Introduction
  • Exposure Scenarios and Sources
  • Physiologic role
  • Properties
  • Clinical Toxidrome
  • Acute
  • Knockdown
  • Pulmonary Edema and Irritant Toxicity
  • Gas Eye (irritative Conjunctivitis)
  • Olfactory Effects
  • Secondary Symptoms And signs
  • Acute Respiratory Effects
  • Acute Cardiac Effects
  • Nonspecific Symptoms And signs
  • Chronic Effects
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Chronic Respiratory Effects Following Recovery
  • Chronic Effects of lower-level Exposure (
  • General
  • Odor
  • Neurologic Effects
  • Controversies in Assessing Toxicity
  • Treatment
  • Toxicokinetics
  • Absorption
  • Distribution
  • Metabolism
  • Excretion
  • Toxicodynamics
  • Mechanisms of Action
  • Forensics
  • Prevention
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9: The Neurotoxicity of Organochlorine and Pyrethroid Pesticides
  • Introduction
  • Organochlorine Compounds
  • A Classification of Organochlorine Insecticides
  • History And uses
  • Neurotoxicity of Organochlorine Insecticides
  • Ddt and Its Analogs
  • Hexachlorocyclohexanes and Cyclodienes
  • Mirex and Chlordecone
  • Other Adverse Health Effects of Organochlorine Insecticides and Human Body burden
  • Organochlorines as Endocrine Disruptors
  • The Debate on the Continued Use of Ddt And lindane
  • Pyrethroids
  • Chemistry
  • History And uses
  • Neurotoxicity of Pyrethroids
  • Mechanism of Pyrethroid Toxicity: Interaction With the Sodium Channel
  • Additional Targets for Pyrethroids
  • Potential Developmental Neurotoxicity Of pyrethroids
  • Organochlorine and Pyrethroid Insecticides and Neurodegenerative Diseases
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Organophosphorus and Carbamate Insecticide Poisoning
  • Introduction
  • Op Insecticides
  • Mechanisms of Toxicity
  • Clinical Features
  • Acute Exposure
  • Central Nervous System Features
  • Intermediate Syndrome
  • Op-induced Delayed Neuropathy
  • Delayed Neuropsychological Sequelae After Op Poisoning
  • Neuropsychological Effects of low-level Op Exposure
  • Diagnosis and Investigations
  • Management
  • Antidotes
  • Atropine
  • Oximes
  • The Role of Oximes
  • Pralidoxime
  • Obidoxime
  • Hi-6
  • Conclusions
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Prevention and Treatment of Intermediate Syndrome
  • Carbamate Insecticides
  • Mechanisms of Toxicity
  • Clinical Features
  • Acute Exposure
  • Ingestion
  • Inhalation
  • Dermal Exposure
  • Delayed Neurological Sequelae
  • Diagnosis and Investigations
  • Management
  • Antidotes
  • Atropine
  • Oximes
  • Prevention of Cholinergic Toxicity in Occupational Exposures to Insecticides
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Neurotoxicity of Metals
  • Introduction
  • Basic Principles of Metal Toxicity
  • Duration and Route of Exposure
  • Absorption and Transport of Metals In the body
  • Intracellular Sequestration of Metals and Elimination
  • Sensitivity of the Nervous System to Metals
  • Anatomic Barriers
  • Energy Dependence
  • Toxicity of Selected Metals
  • Aluminum
  • Pathology/physiology
  • Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Arsenic
  • Pathology/physiology
  • Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Lead
  • Pathology/physiology
  • Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Manganese
  • Pathology/physiology
  • Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Mercury
  • Pathology/physiology
  • Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Trimethyltin
  • Pathology/physiology
  • Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Carbon Monoxide Intoxication
  • Introduction
  • Sources of Co Exposure
  • Neuroprotective Effects Of Co
  • Mechanisms of Toxicity
  • Biomarkers of Co Exposure
  • Clinical Presentation of Co Toxicity
  • Delayed Neurologic Sequelae
  • Neuropsychologic Effects
  • Neuroimaging Studies Following Co Exposure
  • Neurophysiologic Abnormalities With Co Poisoning
  • Treatment
  • References
  • Section 3: Movement Disorders (parkinsonism Or Other Movement Disorders)
  • Chapter 13: Extrapyramidal System Neurotoxicity: Animal Models
  • Introduction
  • Extrapyramidal System Anatomy
  • Assessment of Animal Models for Extrapyramidal Effects
  • Spontaneous Toxic Secondary Parkinsonism in Animals
  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Equine Nigropallidal Encephalomalacia
  • Toxic Secondary Parkinsonism in Experimental Animals
  • Reserpine
  • Cyanide
  • Toxicant-based Models for Parkinson's Disease
  • Neurochemical Changes Associated With Parkinson's Disease
  • Pesticides
  • Rotenone
  • Paraquat
  • 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (Mptp)
  • In vivo Rodent Models
  • Nonhuman Primate Models
  • Other Species
  • Animal Models for Manganese Neurotoxicity
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Occupational Exposures and Parkinsonism
  • Pesticides
  • Insecticides
  • Organochlorines
  • Organophosphates
  • Rotenone
  • Herbicides
  • Paraquat
  • Fungicides
  • Carbamate Fungicides
  • Halogenated Industrial Compounds
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls
  • Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers
  • Metals
  • Iron
  • Copper
  • Manganese
  • Solvents
  • Trichloroethylene
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Tremor Secondary to Neurotoxic Exposure: Mercury, Lead, Solvents, Pesticides
  • Tremors
  • Lead And tremor
  • Mercury And tremor
  • Solvents And tremor
  • Pesticides And tremor
  • Diagnosing tremor
  • Treatment Of tremor
  • Summary and Conclusion
  • References
  • Section 4: Toxic Neuropathies
  • Chapter 16: Clinical Description of Toxic Neuropathies
  • Introduction
  • Evaluation
  • Clinical Examination
  • Electrodiagnostic Evaluation
  • Electrodiagnostic Classification of Neuropathy
  • Mixed Sensory and Motor Neuropathy With No Conduction Slowing
  • Motor, Motor Greater than Sensory, Or Mixed Sensorimotor Neuropathy With Conduction Slowing
  • Motor Or Motor More than Sensory Neuropathy (or Neuronopathy) With No Conduction Slowing
  • Sensory Predominant Neuropathy Or Neuronopathy With No Conduction Slowing
  • Mononeuritis Multiplex Or Asymmetric Neuropathy (with Or Without Conduction Slowing)
  • Further Testing
  • Establishing Causality
  • Outline placeholder
  • Temporal Association
  • Plausibility
  • Dose-response
  • Coherence
  • Specificity
  • Strength of Association
  • Consistency
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Examples of Toxic Neuropathies
  • Acrylamide
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Arsenic
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Carbon Disulfide
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Dioxin
  • Descriptions of Dioxin Neuropathy
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Industrial Accidents
  • Agent Orange
  • Summary
  • Pseudocausation
  • Elemental Mercury
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Hexacarbons
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Lead
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Porcine Neural Tissue
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Electrophysiology
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation (Lachance Et al., 2010
  • Tracy and Dyck, 2011)
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Thallium
  • Clinical Manifestations (Albers, 2012)
  • Electrophysiology (Albers, 2012)
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Additional Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Summary
  • References
  • Section 5: Special Sensory Organ Systems
  • Chapter 17: Neurotoxic Exposure and Impairment of the Chemical Senses Of taste And smell
  • Introduction
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Olfaction
  • Gustation
  • Quantitative Testing of Smell And taste Function
  • Olfactory Dysfunction From Environmental Chemical Exposures
  • General Air Pollution
  • Metals
  • Aluminum
  • Cadmium and Nickel
  • Chromium
  • Lead
  • Manganese
  • Mercury
  • Solvents
  • Methyl Isobutyl Ketone
  • Sulfuryl Fluoride
  • Toluene
  • Solvent Mixtures
  • Irritant Gases and Pollutants
  • Acetaldehyde
  • Acrylic Acid and Its Esters
  • Chlorine
  • Formaldehyde
  • Hydrogen Sulfide
  • Styrene
  • Sulfur Dioxide
  • The Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Syndrome
  • Mechanisms of toxin-induced Olfactory loss
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Retinal and Visual System: Occupational and Environmental Toxicology
  • Introduction
  • Organic Solvents
  • Carbon Disulfide
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Chlorinated Unsaturated Organic Solvents: Tce And Perc
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Trichloroethylene
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Tetrachloroethylene
  • Human Studies
  • Styrene
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Toluene
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Solvent Mixtures
  • Human Studies
  • Inorganic lead
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Methylmercury
  • Human Studies
  • Animal Studies
  • Mercury vapor
  • Human Studies
  • Toxicants as Risk Factors for late-onset Retinal Diseases
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Hearing
  • Introduction
  • Acoustics and Psychoacoustics
  • Physiology of Hearing
  • Pathophysiology of noise-induced Hearing loss
  • Mechanisms
  • Morphologic Changes
  • Functional Consequences
  • Susceptibility To Nihl
  • Temporary Threshold Shift and Permanent Threshold shift
  • Pathophysiology of Organic solvent-induced Hearing loss
  • Methods of Hearing Assessment
  • Examination By Whisper
  • Tuning-fork tests
  • Weber test
  • Rinne test
  • Pure-tone Audiometry
  • Cochlear Recruitment
  • Impedance Audiometry
  • Otoacoustic Emissions
  • Auditory-evoked Potentials
  • Behavioral Auditory Processing tests
  • Dichotic Digit test
  • Hearing in Noise Test
  • The Duration Pattern Test
  • The Frequency Pattern Test
  • The Gaps in Noise Test
  • Clinical Aspects of noise-induced Hearing loss
  • Diagnostics Of Nihl
  • Anamnesis
  • Otoscopic Examination
  • Audiometric Evaluation
  • Differential Diagnostics
  • Management
  • Auditory and Otoneurologic Effects of Organic Solvents
  • Auditory Effects
  • Risk of Hearing loss
  • Pure-tone Audiometry
  • Central Auditory Lesion
  • Relationship Between Concentration of Solvents and Hearing loss
  • Otoneurologic Effects
  • Heavy Metals
  • Lead
  • Mercury
  • Cadmium
  • Arsenic
  • Other Chemicals
  • Asphyxiants
  • Pesticides
  • Noise Regulation
  • References
  • Section6: Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Chapter 20: Mechanical Stress
  • Introduction
  • Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Low-back Problems
  • Neck/shoulder Problems
  • Hand/wrist Disorders
  • Elbow Disorders
  • Knee Problems
  • Physical Risk Factors
  • Force
  • Posture
  • Repetition
  • Contact Stress
  • Vibration
  • Mechanical Stressor Quantification
  • Risk Factors
  • Dimension of Exposure
  • Hazard level
  • Self-reports
  • Instrumentation
  • Observational Methods
  • Job Assessment
  • Niosh Lifting Equation
  • Acgih Lifting Threshold Limit Values
  • Liberty Mutual Tables for Push/pull and Carry jobs
  • Acgih Hand Activity Level Tlvs
  • The Strain Index
  • Rula/Reba
  • The Michigan 3-D Static Strength Prediction Program (3Dsspp)
  • Washington State Checklists
  • The Quick Exposure Check (Qec)
  • References
  • Chapter 21: Low-back pain
  • Introduction
  • Definition and Attributes of low-back pain
  • Epidemiology of low-back pain
  • Epidemiology of low-back Pain in the General Population
  • Factors Associated With low-back Pain in the General Population
  • Epidemiology of Lumbar Disc Disease in the General Population
  • Factors Associated With Lumbar Disc Disease in the General Population
  • Epidemiology of low-back Pain in the Occupational Population
  • Factors Associated With low-back Pain in the Occupational Population
  • Epidemiology of Lumbar Disc Disease in the Occupational Population
  • Factors Associated With Lumbar Disc Disease in the Occupational Population
  • Pathophysiology of work-related low-back Pain and Disc Disease
  • Diagnosis of work-related low-back pain
  • Diagnosis of low-back Pain in General
  • Diagnosis of work-related low-back pain
  • Management of work-related low-back pain
  • Treatment of work-related low-back pain
  • Assessment of Fitness For work
  • Prevention of work-related low-back pain
  • References
  • Chapter 22: Occupational Mononeuropathies in Industry
  • Introduction
  • Upper-limb Entrapment Neuropathies
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
  • Suprascapular Nerve Neuropathy
  • Median Nerve Neuropathies
  • Median Nerve Neuropathies At the Forearm: Pronator Teres Syndrome and Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Radial Nerve Neuropathies
  • Radial Nerve Compression At the Axilla and Spiral Groove Syndrome
  • Posterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome
  • Ulnar Nerve Neuropathies
  • Ulnar Nerve Neuropathy At the Elbow Level: Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ulnar Nerve Neuropathies At the hand-wrist level
  • Lower-limb Entrapment Neuropathies
  • Lateral Femoral Cutaneous nerve
  • Common Peroneal nerve
  • Common Peroneal Nerve Neuropathy At the Fibular neck
  • Tibial Nerve Neuropathies
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Concluding Remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 23: Upper-extremity and Neck Disorders Associated With Keyboard and Mouse use
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Neck Disorders
  • Shoulder Disorders
  • Forearm, Wrist, and Hand Disorders
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Other Diseases of Elbow, Forearm, Wrist, And hand
  • Tennis elbow
  • Ulnar Neuropathy
  • De Quervain's Syndrome
  • Trigger finger
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Search Strings
  • #1
  • #2
  • #3
  • For Cervical pain
  • For Shoulder Disorders
  • For Tennis elbow
  • For Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • For De Quervain's Syndrome
  • For Tendonitis/trigger finger
  • For Upper Extremity in General
  • References
  • Section 7: Other Neurologic Disorders and Work Restriction/accommodation
  • Chapter 24: Sleep Deprivation Due to Shift work
  • Introduction
  • Chronobiologic Aspects
  • Sleep Deprivation and Psychoneurotic Troubles
  • Sleepiness, Errors, and Accidents
  • Other Effects on Health
  • Health Surveillance and Assessment of Fitness To work
  • Interindividual Differences In tolerance
  • Preventive and Corrective Actions
  • References
  • Chapter 25: Headache and Migraine: a Leading Cause of Absenteeism
  • Introduction
  • Migraine: Prevalence and Incidence
  • Prevalence of Migraine
  • Incidence of Migraine
  • Chronic Migraine: Prevalence and Incidence
  • Prevalence of Chronic Migraine
  • Incidence of Chronic Migraine
  • Prevalence and Incidence Of Tth
  • Headache Progression and Remission
  • The Impact of Headache
  • Burden of Migraine and Associated Symptoms
  • Comorbidities of Migraine
  • Burden of tension-type Headache
  • Comorbidities Of Tth
  • Treatment
  • Pharmacologic Treatment of Migraine
  • Acute Treatment
  • Preventive Treatment
  • Natural Preventives
  • Nonpharmacologic Approach
  • Treatment Of Tth
  • Pharmacologic Treatment Of Etth
  • Pharmacologic Treatment Of Ctth
  • Nonpharmacologic Treatments Of Ctth
  • References
  • Chapter 25: Considerations for Return to Work Following Traumatic Brain injury
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Mechanisms Of Tbi
  • Pathophysiology Of Tbi
  • Neurobehavioral Outcomes Following Tbi
  • Chronic Posttraumatic Headache
  • Nonheadache-related Chronic pain
  • Long-term Considerations Following Tbi
  • Re-entry to the Workforce
  • Interventions for Return To work
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 27: The Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
  • Introduction and Nomenclature
  • Clinical Symptoms
  • Chronic Pain and Other Sensory Abnormalities
  • Vasomotor (microvascular) and Sudomotor (sweating) Abnormalities
  • Motor Abnormalities
  • Disorders of Higher Brain Function
  • Additional Clinical Features
  • Diagnostic Testing
  • Neurophysiological Studies
  • Quantitative Sensory Testing
  • Radiologic Studies
  • Neurodiagnostic Skin Biopsy
  • Sympathetic Nerve Blocks
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Pathophysiologic Basis of Symptoms
  • Nerve Injury
  • Microvascular Dysfunction, Tissue Hypoxia, and Ischemia
  • Inflammation
  • Disordered Immunity
  • Evidence-based Treatment
  • Rehabilitation Modalities, Including Physiotherapy
  • Pharmacologic Treatments
  • Treatments for Neuropathic pain
  • Treatments for Pain From Bone Remodeling
  • Ketamine
  • Treatments for Neuroinflammation
  • Treatments for Poor Tissue Perfusion
  • Treatments for Dysimmunity
  • Interventional Treatments, Including Nerve Blocks
  • Surgical Treatment
  • Invasive and Noninvasive Neuromodulation Therapies
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 28: Accommodation of Workers With Chronic Neurologic Disorders
  • Introduction
  • Signs and Symptoms
  • Fatigue
  • Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
  • Fatigue in Parkinson's Disease
  • Fatigue in Myasthenia Gravis
  • Poststroke Fatigue
  • Fatigue in Postpolio Syndrome
  • Fatigue in Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Cognitive Impairments
  • Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis
  • Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease
  • Cognitive Impairment in Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Cognitive Impairment in Brain tumor
  • Cognitive Impairment in Elderly People
  • Motor Impairment
  • Motor Impairment in Parkinson's Disease
  • Motor Impairment With Increasing age
  • Motor Impairment in Neuropathy
  • Motor Impairment in Postpolio Syndrome
  • Pain
  • Treatment
  • Summary of the Ada and the Adaaa of 2008 (http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/regulations/ada_qa_final_rule.cfm)
  • The Gatekeeper
  • Authority
  • Benefits and Privileges of Employment
  • Request for Reasonable Accommodations By Employee
  • Employer Responsibility
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Physical Limitations
  • Allow for Treatment/therapy Visits
  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Physical Discomfort
  • Fine Motor Impairment
  • Gross Motor Impairment
  • General
  • Industrial
  • Office Settings
  • Service Settings
  • Medical Settings
  • Mood Issues (depression/anxiety)
  • Sensory Organs
  • Hearing Limitations
  • Speech Impairment
  • Vision Impairment
  • Special Considerations
  • Respiratory Difficulties
  • Stress Management
  • Cognitive
  • Concentration
  • Symptom Fluctuation
  • Meeting Deadlines and Staying Organized
  • Getting Along With co-workers
  • Temperature Sensitivity
  • Stamina
  • References
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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