Handbook of International Trade Agreements

Country, regional and global approaches
 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 3. Oktober 2018
  • |
  • 492 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-351-04693-0 (ISBN)
 
International trade has, for decades, been central to economic growth and improved standards of living for nations and regions worldwide. For most of the advanced countries, trade has raised standards of living, while for most emerging economies, growth did not begin until their integration into the global economy. The economic explanation is simple: international trade facilitates specialization, increased efficiency and improved productivity to an extent impossible in closed economies. However, recent years have seen a significant slowdown in global trade, and the global system has increasingly come under attack from politicians on the right and on the left. The benefits of open markets, the continuation of international co-operation, and the usefulness of multilateral institutions such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have all been called into question. While globalization has had a broadly positive effect on overall global welfare, it has also been perceived by the public as damaging communities and social classes in the industrialized world, spawning, for example, Brexit and the US exit from the Trans-Pacific Partnership.





The purpose of this volume is to examine international and regional preferential trade agreements (PTAs), which offer like-minded countries a possible means to continue receiving the benefits of economic liberalization and expanded trade. What are the strengths and weaknesses of such agreements, and how can they sustain growth and prosperity for their members in an ever-challenging global economic environment?





The Handbook is divided into two parts. The first, Global Themes, offers analysis of issues including the WTO, trade agreements and economic development, intellectual property rights, security and environmental issues, and PTAs and developing countries. The second part examines regional and country-specific agreements and issues, including NAFTA, CARICOM, CETA, the Pacific Alliance, the European Union, EFTA, ECOWAS, SADC, TTIP, RCEP and the TPP (now the CPTPP), as well as the policies of countries such as Japan and Australia.
1. Auflage
  • Englisch
  • London
  • |
  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
29 schwarz-weiße Tabellen
  • 5182,07 MB
978-1-351-04693-0 (9781351046930)

Robert E. Looney is a Distinguished Professor in the National Security Affairs Department at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey California, USA. He received his PhD in Economics from the University of California, Davis. He specializes in issues relating to economic development in the Middle East, Latin America and Africa. He has published 22 books, including: Economic Policymaking in Mexico: Factors Underlying the 1982 Crisis (Duke University Press), and Iraq's Informal Economy: Reflections of War, Sanctions and Policy Failure (The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research). He has also edited four Routledge International Handbooks: Handbook of US-Middle East Relations (2009), Handbook of Oil Politics (2012), Handbook of Emerging Economies (2014), and Handbook of Transitions to Energy and Climate Security (2016). He is also the editor of the Routledge Europa Emerging Economies series.

Contents


Preface


Acknowledgements


The Editor and Contributors


Preface


Acknowledgements


Acronyms and Abbreviations





Part I


Global Themes





1. Introduction


Robert E. Looney





2. Regional trade agreements: Myths and misconceptions


Kati Suominen





3. The WTO and Regional/Bilateral Trade Agreements


Kimberly Ann Elliott





4. International Agreements on Intellectual Property Rights: TRIPS and Beyond


Keith E. Maskus





5. The Spread of International Trade Agreements: A Dynamics Towards The `Spaghetti Bowl' Phenomenon?


Zakaria Sorgho





6. The Economic Effects of FTAs


Holger Breinlich





7. Trade Agreements and Economic Development


Christopher Stevens





8. The Investment Component of Trade Agreements


Wolfgang Alschner





9. Trade Agreements and National Security: An Economic Approach


Ryan Garcia and Jonathan Lipow





10. Economic Reform and Service Liberalization in Developing Countries: Can Preferential Trade Agreements Help?


Leonardo Baccini





11. Gender Rights and Trade Agreements


Sophia Price





12. Trade Agreements and the Environment


Inkyoung Kim





13. Neoliberal Globalization and Its Opponents


Anne L. Clunan





Part II


Regional/Country Analysis





14. NAFTA


Robert A. Blecker





15. CAFTA-DR: Diverging Trajectories and Uneven Development


Mary Finley-Brook





16. CARICOM


Lester Henry





17. Mexico's Approach to Preferential Agreements


Luz Maria de la Mora Sanchez





18. CETA


Kurt Hubner





19. Mercosur


Walter Antonio Desidera Neto





20. The Pacific Alliance


Gian Luca Gardini





21. ALBA


Asa Cusack





22. The European Union


Christian Schweiger





23. TTIP


Christoph Scherrer





24. EFTA


Marius Vahl and Aslak Berg




25. Eastern Partnership Countries



Immaculada Martinez-Zarzoso





26. Trade Agreements and Regional Integration: The European Union After Brexit


Annette Bongardt and Francisco Torres





27. The GCC Trade Agreements: Regional Integration Challenges and Opportunities


Joseph A. Kechichian





28. Liberalization Without Integration: Egypt and PTAs (1990-2010)


Amr Adly





29. The African Union and the European Union: Trade Reciprocity and/or Economic Development?


Mark Langan





30. ECOWAS: An Economic Commitment that needs Political Strengthening


Osaore Aideyan





31. The SADC: Towards a Deeper and Wider Union?


Donald L. Sparks





32. COMESA: A Case Study


B. Seetanah, RV Sannassee, S. Fauzel and Paul Okiira Okwi





33. The RCEP and Asian Economic Integration


Ganeshan Wignaraja





34. The TPP: Origins and Outcomes


Jeffrey J. Schott





35. Japan's Approach to PTAs


Gregory P. Corning





36. Australia's Approach to PTAs


Richard Pomfret

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