The Reformation Theologians is the ideal introduction to the study of the sixteenth-century Reformations. It introduces the theological context, though, and contributions of theologians from this period, offering students and scholars an essential resource and insight. This comprehensive and lively book discusses all the major strands of Reformation thought and explores the work of a range of influential figures, including theologians and non-theologians, humanists, clergy and laity, men and women.
The contributors to this volume are leading scholars in the field of historical and systematic theology. Accessibly structured, it covers the Humanist, Lutheran, Reformed, Roman Catholic, and "Radical" Theologians. An introductory chapter explores the interpretations of the Reformation and a concluding chapter explains the influence of Reformation theologies on the modern period. The text also includes useful bibliographies and a glossary of theological terms.
Carter Lindberg is Professor of Church History in the School of Theology at Boston University. His recent publications include The European Reformations (1995) and accompanying European Reformations Sourcebook (1999), both for Blackwell.
Notes on Contributors.
Introduction: Carter Lindberg.
Part I: Humanist Theologians:.
1. Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples (c. 1460-1536): Guy Bedouelle, OP(University of Fribourg).
2. Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536): J Laurel Carrington (St OlafCollege, Minnesota).
Part II: Lutheran Theologians:.
3. Martin Luther (1483-1546): Oswald Bayer (University ofTubingen).
4. Philip Melanchthon (1497-1560): Heinz Scheible (HeidelbergerAkademie der Wissenschaften).
5. Matthias Flacius (1520-1575): Oliver K Olson (MarquetteUniversity).
6. Argula von Grumbach (c. 1490-c. 1564): Peter Matheson(University of Melbourne).
7. Urbanus Rhegius (1489-1541): Scott Hendrix (PrincetonTheological Seminary).
8. Johannes Brenz (1499-1570): Hermann Ehmer (University ofTubingen).
9. Martin Chemnitz (1522-1586): Robert Kolb (Concordia Seminary,St Louis).
Part III: Reformed Theologians:.
10. Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531): Gregory J Miller (MaloneCollege, Ohio).
11. Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575): Bruce Gordon (University ofSt Andrews).
12. John Calvin (1509-1564): Randall C Zachman (University ofNotre Dame).
13. Peter Martyr Vermigli (1499-1562): Frank A James III(Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando Centre for ReformationResearch, Oxford).
14. Theodore Beza (1519-1605): Richard A Muller (CalvinTheological Seminary, Grand Rapids).
15. Katherina Schultz Zell (1498-1562): Elsie Anne McKee(Princeton Theological Seminary).
16. Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556): Peter Newman Brooks (CranmerTheological House, Shreveport, USA and Robinson College, CambridgeUK).
17. Richard Hooker (1554-1600): Daniel Eppley (McMurryUniversity, Texas).
Part IV: Roman Catholic Theologians:.
18. Thomas se Vio Cajetan (1469-1534): Jared Wicks, SJ(Gregorian University, Rome).
19. Thomas More (1477/78-1535): Ralph Keen (University of IowaSchool of Religion).
20. Ignatius of Loyola (1491?-1556): John W O'Malley, SJ (WestonJesuit School of Theology).
21. Teresa of Avila (1515-1582): Gillian TW Ahlgren (XavierUniversity).
Part V: "Radical" Theologians:.
22. Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt (1486-1541): AlejandroZorzin (Iglesia Evangelica del Rio de la Plata, Argentina).
23. Thomas Muntzer (c. 1490-1525): Gottfried Seebass (Universityof Heidelberg).
24. Caspar von Schwenkfeld (1489-1561): Andre Seguenny(University of Strasbourg).
25. Menno Simons (1496-1561): Sjouke Voolstra (MennoniteSeminary, Amsterdam and University of Amsterdam).
Trajectories of Reformation Theologies: Carter Lindberg (BostonUniversity).
Gillian T. W. Ahlgren is associate professor of theology at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. She is the author of Teresa of Avila and the Politics of Sanctity (1996), and the forthcoming Digo Yo, Francisca: Proclaiming Reform in Sixteenth-Century Toledo, as well as numerous articles on women in sixteenth-century Spain.
Oswald Bayer is professor of systematic theology at the University of Tübingen and editor of the Neue Zeitschrift für systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie. His numerous articles have appeared in a variety of European and American journals. The more recent of his many monographs include Theologie (Handbuch systematischer Theologie 1) (1995), Freiheit als Antwort: Zur theologischen Ethik (1995), and Gott als Autor: Zu einer poietologischen Theologie (1999).
Guy Bedouelle, OP is professor of church history at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and President of the Dominican Center of Studies, Le Saulchoir, Paris. Besides his publications on Lefèvre d'Etaples, he is the author (in collaboration with Patrick Le Gal) of Le "divorce" du roi Henry VIII, Textes et documents (1987) and (in collaboration with Bernard Roussel) Le temps des Réformes et la Bible (1989). He is also the editor of volume 83 of the Collected Works of Erasmus in English (1998) for which he provided the Introduction and the annotations on the Apologia ad Fabrum.
Peter Newman Brooks, fellow emeritus of Robinson College, Cambridge, was lecturer in Church History in the Cambridge Faculty of Divinity from 1970 to 1998. He is currently professor of Reformation studies and director of graduate studies at Cranmer Theological House, Shreveport, USA. His many publications on the continental and English Reformations include editing Seven-Headed Luther (1983), Cranmer in Context: Documents from the English Reformation (1989), and his monograph Thomas Cranmer's Doctrine of the Eucharist (2nd ed., 1992).
J. Laurel Carrington is professor of Renaissance and Reformation history at St. Olaf College, Minnesota. She is currently working on the annotations for Erasmus's Epistola contra Pseudoevangelicos and Epistola ad Fratres Germaniae Inferioris for volume 78 of the Collected Works of Erasmus.
Hermann Ehmer is Director of the Landeskirchliche Archiv of the Evangelische Landeskirche in Württemberg and lecturer on Württemberg church history at the University of Tübingen. From 1977 to 1988 he was the manager of the Wertheim Staatsarchiv. He is also the coeditor of the Blätter für württembergischen Kirchengeschichte and of the Quellen und Forschungen zur württembergischen Kirchengeschichte. He has contributed numerous publications in the areas of the history and church history of Baden-Württemberg.
Daniel F. Eppley is assistant professor of the history of Christianity at McMurry University in Texas. His doctoral dissertation (University of Iowa, 2000) is titled "A Convenient Faith: Royal Supremacy and the Definition of Christian Doctrine in Tudor England." His recent research focusses on the defense of the royal supremacy in Tudor England.
Bruce Gordon is lecturer in modern history at the University of St. Andrews and associate director of the St. Andrews Reformation Studies Institute. He is the author of Clerical Discipline and the Rural Reformation (1992), editor of Protestant History and Identity in Sixteenth-Century Europe (2 vols., 1996) and, with Peter Marshall, editor of The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (2000). He is currently writing a book on Zwingli.
Scott Hendrix is James Hastings Nichols professor of Reformation history and doctrine at Princeton Theological Seminary. He is the author of numerous articles on Luther and Rhegius as well as Luther and the Papacy: Stages in a Reformation Conflict (1981), Tradition and Authority in the Reformation (1996), and, with Günther Gassmann, The Fortress Introduction to the Lutheran Confessions (1999).
Frank A. James, III is professor of historical theology at the Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando Florida, and regular visiting professor of Reformation history at the Centre for Reformation Research, Oxford. His publications include The Peter Martyr Reader, coedited with J. P. Donnelly and J. C. McLelland (1999), Peter Martyr Vermigli and Predestination: The Augustinian Inheritance of an Italian Reformer (1998), and Via Augustini: The Recovery of Augustine in the Later Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation, coedited with Heiko A. Oberman (1991). Since 1996, Professor Frank has been general editor of the Peter Martyr Library (with J. C. McLelland and J. P. Donnelly).
Ralph Keen is associate professor of religion at the University of Iowa School of Religion. He is the editor and translator of Responsio ad Johannem Bugenhagium Pomeranum (1988) and the author of Divine and Human Authority in Reformation Thought: German Theologians on Political Order, 1520-1555 (1997). He is presently working on a comparative study of varieties of sixteenth-century Catholicism.
Robert Kolb is professor in the Institute for Mission Studies at Concordia Seminary in St. Louis. He is the author of numerous books in the field of Reformation studies, including Luther's Heirs Define His Legacy (1996) and Martin Luther as Prophet, Teacher, and Hero: Images of the Reformer, 1520-1620 (1999). His most recent work, with Timothy Wengert, is a new translation of The Book of Concord, The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church (2000).
Carter Lindberg is professor of church history at the Boston University School of Theology. He is the author of the textbook, The European Reformations (1996), and Beyond Charity: Reformation Initiatives for the Poor (1993), and editor of The European Reformations Sourcebook (2000).
Peter Matheson is fellow of the Department of History and principal of the Theological Hall at the University of Melbourne. In addition to his studies and translations of Argula von Grumbach, he is the translator and editor of The Collected Works of Thomas Müntzer (1988). His most recent books are The Rhetoric of the Reformation (1998), and The Imaginative World of the Reformation (2000).
Elsie Anne McKee is Archibald Alexander professor of Reformation studies and the history of worship at Princeton Theological Seminary. In addition to her publications on Katharina Schütz Zell, her books include John Calvin on the Diaconate and Liturgical Almsgiving (1984), Elders and the Plural Ministry: The Role of Exegetical History in Illuminating John Calvin's Theology (1988), and Diakonia: In the Classical Reformed Tradition and Today (1989). With B. Armstrong, she is editor of Probing the Reformed Tradition: Historical Studies in Honor of Edward A. Dowey, Jr. (1989).
Gregory J. Miller is associate professor of history at Malone College, Ohio. Since his dissertation, Holy War and Holy Terror: Views of Islam in German Pamphlet Literature 1520-1545 (Boston University, 1994), much of his work has focussed on early modern European responses to Islam. He is currently writing a book on Zwingli's successor, Theodor Bibliander.
Richard A. Muller is professor of historical theology at Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan. His extensive studies of Reformed Orthodoxy include Christ and the Decree: Christology and Predestination in Reformed Theology from Calvin to Perkins (1988), God, Creation, and Providence in the Thought of Jacob Arminius (1991), and Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics (2 vols., 1987, 1993). His most recent study is The Unaccommodated Calvin: Studies in the Foundation of a Theological Tradition (2000).
Oliver K. Olson, emeritus professor of theology, Marquette University, was a career chaplain in the US navy. His Matthias Flacius and the Survival of Luther's Reform is forthcoming.
John W. O'Malley, SJ is professor of church history at Weston Jesuit School of Theology. Author of numerous studies on Reformation subjects and early modern
Catholicism, his most recent books include The First Jesuits (1993) and Trent and All That: Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era (2000).
Heinz Scheible is director of the Melanchthon-Forschungsstelle, Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, where he is engaged in the preparation of the critical edition of Melanchthon's correspondence. Among his many studies are the articles on Melanchthon in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation and the Theologische Realenzyklopädie, and the major biography, Melanchthon: Eine Biographie (1997).
Gottfried Seebass is professor of church history at the University of Heidelberg and serves as an editor of numerous scholarly works including the Theologische Realenzyklopädie. The wide range of his contributions to Reformation studies may be sampled in the recent collection of his essays edited by Irene Dingel, Die Reformation der Aussenseiter. Gesammelte Aufsätze und Vorträge (1997).
André Séguenny is research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, University of Strasbourg....