Current Controversies in Bioethics

 
 
Routledge (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 8. Dezember 2016
  • |
  • 194 Seiten
 
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe-DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-315-43752-1 (ISBN)
 

Bioethics is the study of ethical issues arising out of advances in the life sciences and medicine. Historically, bioethics has been associated with issues in research ethics and clinical ethics as a result of research scandals such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and public debates about the definition of death, medical paternalism, health care rationing, and abortion. As biomedical technologies have advanced, challenging new questions have arisen for bioethics and new sub-disciplines such as neuroethics and public health ethics have entered the scene. This volume features ten original essays on five cutting-edge controversies in bioethics written by leading philosophers.

I. Research Ethics: How Should We Justify Ancillary Care Duties?

II. Clinical Ethics: Are Psychopaths Morally Accountable?

III. Reproductive Ethics: Is There A Solution to the Non-Identity Problem?

IV. Neuroethics: What is Addiction and Does It Excuse?

V. Public Health Ethics: Is Luck Egalitarianism Implausibly Harsh?

S. Matthew Liao and Collin O'Neil's concise introduction to the essays in the volume, the annotated bibliographies and study questions for each controversy, and the supplemental guide to additional current controversies in bioethics give the reader a broad grasp of the different kinds of challenges in bioethics.

  • Englisch
  • London
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  • Großbritannien
Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • 1,16 MB
978-1-315-43752-1 (9781315437521)
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S. Matthew Liao is Arthur Zitrin Professor of Bioethics, Director of the Center for Bioethics, and Affiliated Professor of Philosophy, New York University. He is the author or editor of The Right to Be Loved (2015) and Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality (2016), and co-edited Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights (2015). He has been featured in the New York Times and other media outlets and is the Editor in Chief for the Journal of Moral Philosophy.

Collin O'Neil is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Lehman College, City University of New York. His recent publications have appeared in Philosophy & Public Affairs, American Journal of Bioethics, and Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics.

Acknowledgements

Contributors

Bioethics: Current Controversies

S. Matthew Liao and Collin O'Neil

Part I

Research Ethics: How Should We Justify Ancillary Care Duties?

    • Locating Medical Researchers' Ancillary-Care Obligations within the Division of Moral Labor

    Henry S. Richardson

    • The Grounds of Ancillary Care Duties

    S. Matthew Liao and Collin O'Neil

    Part I Suggested Readings

    Part II

    Clinical Ethics: Are Psychopaths Morally Accountable?

    • Fine Cuts of Moral Agency: Dissociable Deficits in Psychopathy and Autism

    Dana Kay Nelkin

    • Holding Psychopaths Responsible and the Guise of the Good

    Agnieszka Jaworska

    Part II Suggested Readings

    Part III

    Reproductive Ethics: Is There a Solution to the Non-Identity Problem?

    • Dividing and Conquering the Nonidentity Problem

    Melinda A. Roberts and David T. Wasserman

    • The Nonidentity Problem: United and Unconquered

    Saul Smilansky

    Part III Suggested Readings

    Part IV

    Neuroethics: What Is Addiction and Does It Excuse?

    • Addiction, Habits, and Blame

    Timothy Schroeder and Nomy Arpaly

    • How Addicts Lose Control

    Neil Levy

    Part IV Suggested Readings

    Part V

    Public Health Ethics: Is Luck Egalitarianism Implausibly Harsh?

    • Rarely Harsh and Always Fair: Luck Egalitarianism and Unhealthy Choices

    Zofia Stemplowska

    • Luck Egalitarianism, Harshness, and the Rule of Rescue

    Nir Eyal

    Part V Suggested Readings

    Supplemental Guide to Further Controversies

    Index

    "This book is admirably distinctive in the literature on bioethics. It is selective in addressing only five issues, each drawn from a different area of bioethics and discussed in a pair of contrasting essays. The issues are not only of great practical importance but also intellectually difficult. They demand engagement with matters of moral theory and require the most advanced understanding of relevant empirical material. The authors - all philosophers of distinction - abundantly satisfy these requirements, while also presenting their carefully-developed arguments in writing that is both lucid and accessible. The editors have done their work extremely well."



    --Jeff McMahan, University of Oxford

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