Who Votes Now?

Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States
Princeton University Press
  • 1. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 1. Januar 2014
  • |
  • 232 Seiten
E-Book | PDF mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-1-4008-4862-1 (ISBN)

Who Votes Now? compares the demographic characteristics and political views of voters and nonvoters in American presidential elections since 1972 and examines how electoral reforms and the choices offered by candidates influence voter turnout. Drawing on a wealth of data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey and the American National Election Studies, Jan Leighley and Jonathan Nagler demonstrate that the rich have consistently voted more than the poor for the past four decades, and that voters are substantially more conservative in their economic views than nonvoters. They find that women are now more likely to vote than men, that the gap in voting rates between blacks and whites has largely disappeared, and that older Americans continue to vote more than younger Americans. Leighley and Nagler also show how electoral reforms such as Election Day voter registration and absentee voting have boosted voter turnout, and how turnout would also rise if parties offered more distinct choices.

Providing the most systematic analysis available of modern voter turnout, Who Votes Now? reveals that persistent class bias in turnout has enduring political consequences, and that it really does matter who votes and who doesn't.

Course Book
  • Englisch
  • Princeton
  • |
  • USA
  • Für höhere Schule und Studium
  • |
  • Für Beruf und Forschung
  • Digitale Ausgabe
  • 44 line illus. 26 tables.
  • |
  • 44 line illus. 26 tables.
  • 7,83 MB
978-1-4008-4862-1 (9781400848621)
1400848628 (1400848628)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
Jan E. Leighley & Jonathan Nagler
List of Figures xi
List of Tables xiii
Preface xv
Acknowledgments xix
One Introduction 1
1.1 Economic Inequality, Income Bias, and Turnout 4
1.2 Policy Choices and Turnout 6
1.3 Economic Inequality and Voting Inequality 7
1.4 Voter Turnout and Election Laws 10
1.5 Data and Chapter Outline 11
Two Demographics of Turnout 16
2.1 Measuring Voter Turnout 18
2.2 Measuring Socioeconomic Status 23
2.3 Measuring Race and Ethnicity 25
2.4 Demographics of Turnout, 1972-2008 (CPS) 27
2.5 A More or Less Representative Voting Population? 35
2.6 More or Less Income Bias? 37
2.7 Representation: Of the Eligible or the Available? 43
2.8 Conclusion 45
Appendix 2.1: Current Population Survey: Sample and Variable Details 46
Appendix 2.2: Additional Data on the Representativeness of Voters, 1972-2008 48
Three Theoretical Framework and Models 52
3.1 Costs, Benefits, and Demographics 54
3.2 Model Specification 55
3.3 Education and Income 58
3.4 Race and Ethnicity 67
3.5 Age 72
3.6 Gender and Marital Status 76
3.7 Conclusion 79
Appendix 3.1: Estimation Results for the Demographic Models of Voter Turnout 84
Appendix 3.2: Additional First Differences for Income 88
Four The Legal Context of Turnout 90
4.1 Electoral Innovation in the United States 91
4.2 Previous Research on Electoral Rules and Turnout 95
4.3 Research Design and the Search for Effects 97
4.4 The Effects of Electoral Reforms: Difference-in-Difference Estimates 100
4.5 Cross-Sectional Time Series Analysis of Aggregate Turnout 112
4.6 Conclusion 117
Appendix 4.1: Voter Registration and Election Law Data Set 119
Appendix 4.2: Sources of State-Level Turnout and
Demographic Data 120
Five Policy Choices and Turnout 121
5.1 Policy Choices and the Costs and Benefits of Voting 122
5.2 Policy Choices: Conceptualization and Measurement 124
5.3 Perceived Policy Choices, 1972-2008 126
5.4 Multivariable Analysis: Perceived Policy Alienation and Perceived Policy Difference 128
5.5 Perceived Policy Difference and Perceived Policy Alienation across Income Groups 135
5.6 Conclusion 139
Appendix 5.1: Comparing Alternative Measures of Alienation and Indifference 147
Six On the Representativeness of Voters 154
6.1 The Conventional Wisdom 155
6.2 Political Differences between Voters and Nonvoters: 1972 and 2008 158
6.3 Who Votes Matters: Policy Differences between Voters and Nonvoters 161
6.4 A More Detailed Look at Preferences: 2004 167
6.5 Conclusion 176
Appendix 6.1: Survey Question Wording 177
Seven Conclusion 182
7.1 The Politics of Candidate Choices and Policy Choices 183
7.2 Turnout and Institutions 185
7.3 On Turnout and Political Inequality 187
References 189
Index 201

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