Rates and Equilibria of Organic Reactions

As Treated by Statistical, Thermodynamic and Extrathermodynamic Methods
 
 
Dover Publications (Verlag)
1. Auflage | erschienen am 16. April 2013 | 474 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-486-15142-7 (ISBN)
 
Graduate-level text stresses extrathermodynamic approach to quantitative prediction and constructs a logical framework that encompasses and classifies all known extrathermodynamic relationships. Numerous figures and tables. Author and Subject Indexes.
Dover Publications
Englisch
Höhe: 216 mm | Breite: 137 mm
41,31 MB
978-0-486-15142-7 (9780486151427)
0486151425 (0486151425)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
John E. Leffler and Ernest Grunwald
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Apologia
  • Preface
  • Table of Contents
  • Glossary of Symbols
  • I - Equilibrium from the Statistical Point of View
  • EQUILIBRIUM AS AN EXERCISE IN PROBABILITY
  • FACTORS ENTERING THE PROBABILITY CALCULATION
  • THE BOLTZMANN DISTRIBUTION
  • THE PARTITION FUNCTION
  • 2 - Equilibrium and the Gibbs Free Energy
  • INTRODUCTION
  • EQUILIBRIUM IN DILUTE SYSTEMS
  • ACTIVITY COEFFICIENTS
  • SOME CHEMICAL OPERATORS
  • THE ANALYSIS OF ACTIVITY COEFFICIENTS AND SOLVENT STABILIZATIONS IN TERMS OF INTERACTION COEFFICIENTS
  • CHEMICAL MODELS AND THE FORMAL NATURE OF THE SOLUTE SPECIES
  • INTERPRETATION OF FREE ENERGY QUANTITIES WHEN THE FORMAL SOLUTE CONSISTS OF SUBSPECIES
  • THE PARTIAL MOLAR FREE ENERGIES OF ISOMERIC SPECIES
  • THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE THERMODYNAMIC AND STATISTICAL MECHANICAL TREATMENTS OF EQUILIBRIUM
  • 3 - Free Energy, Enthalpy, and Entropy
  • ENTHALPY
  • Enthalpy and the Zero-Point Energy
  • ENTROPY
  • MEDIUM AND SUBSTITUENT EFFECTS ON THE PARTIAL MOLAR ENTHALPY AND ENTROPY
  • SOME SOLVENT EFFECT MODELS
  • SOME SUBSTITUENT EFFECT MODELS
  • 4 - Concerning Rates of Reaction
  • THE COLLISION THEORY
  • THE TRANSITION STATE THEORY
  • DYNAMIC REVERSIBILITY AND REFLECTABILITY
  • THE TUNNELING EFFECT
  • 5 - Rates of Interconversion of Subspecies
  • RELAXATION PROCESSES
  • WIDTHS OF SPECTRAL LINES
  • THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A COLLISION
  • THE EFFECT OF AN ENCOUNTER
  • RE-EVALUATION OF THE TRANSITION-STATE THEORY
  • THE INTERCONVERSION OF ROTAMERS
  • RATE CONSTANTS FOR MIXTURES OF ISOMERS
  • THE LIFETIMES OF SOLVATION COMPLEXES
  • REACTIONS LEADING TO PRODUCTS IN EXCITED STATES
  • 6 - Theoretical Introduction to Extrathermodynamic Relationships
  • EXTRATHERMODYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS IN THE GAS PHASE
  • ADDITIVITY RULES
  • A FORMAL METHOD FOR GENERATING EXTRATHERMODYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS
  • A FORMAL EXTRATHERMODIfNAMIC TREATMENT OF SOLVATION EFFECTS
  • THE TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF EXTRATHERMO. DYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS
  • RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN RATE AND EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANTS
  • SELECTIVITY VERSUS REACTIVITY
  • EXTRATHERMODYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS INVOLVING PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
  • 7 - Extrathermodynamic Free Energy Relationships. I. Substituent Effects
  • THE HAMMETT ?s RELATIONSHIP
  • GENERAL TREATMENT OF SUBSTITUENT EFFECTS IN AROMATIC REACTIONS
  • SUBSTITUENT EFFECTS IN ALIPHATIC REACTIONS
  • THE BRØNSTED RELATIONSHIP
  • REACTIVITY IN NUCLEOPHILIC SUBSTITUTION REACTIONS
  • RELATIONSHIPS INVOLVING SPECTRAL PROPERTIES
  • 8 - Extrathermodynamic Free Energy Relationships. II. Medium Effects
  • RELATIONSHIPS DERIVED FROM THEORETICAL SOLUTION MODELS
  • SOME RELATIONSHIPS EMPLOYING A SINGLE PARAMETER
  • SOME RELATIONSHIPS EMPLOYING MORE THAN ONE PARAMETER
  • PARAMETRIC EQUATIONS MAKING EXPLICIT ALLOWANCE FOR MULTIPLE SOLVATION MECHANISMS
  • RELATIONSHIP OF THE MEDIUM EFFECT ON THE RATE OF A REACTION TO THAT ON THE EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANT
  • EXTRATHERMODYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS FOR SALT SOLUTIONS
  • EXTRATHERMODYNAMIC RELATIONSHIPS INVOLVING MEDIUM EFFECTS ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
  • RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN STRUCTURAL AND SOLVENT PARAMETERS
  • 9 - Extrathermodynamic Analysis of Enthalpy and Entropy Changes
  • THE FIRST APPROXIMATION
  • THE SECOND APPROXIMATION1
  • THE SIGN OF ß
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ERROR CONTOURS FOR ENTHALPIES AND ENTROPIES1
  • THE ISOKINETIC RELATIONSHIP1
  • MULTIPLE INTERACTION MECHANISMS
  • ADDITIVITY IN ENTHALPIES AND IN ENTROPIES
  • A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF INTERACTION MECHANISMS ON THE FREE ENERGY AND ON THE ENTHALPY OR ENTROPY'
  • STRUCTURAL EFFECTS
  • SOLVENT EFFECTS
  • 10 - Some Mechanochemical Phenomena
  • MECHANOCHEMICAL EFFECTS IN LIQUIDS
  • THE MECHANISM AND RATE OF MECHANICAL POLYMER DEGRADATION IN SOLUTION
  • MECHANICAL DEGRADATION OF UNDILUTED POLYMERS
  • HIGHLY ORDERED STRUCTURES IN FLUIDS
  • REACTIONS IN CRYSTALLINE MATRICES
  • THE THERMODYNAMICS AND REACTIONS OF FIBERS
  • RELAXATION PROCESSES IN POLYMERS
  • Authors Index
  • Subject Index
  • A CATALOG OF SELECTED DOVER BOOKS IN ALL FIELDS OF INTEREST
  • A CATALOG OF SELECTED DOVER BOOKS IN ALL FIELDS OF INTEREST

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