Sea Urchins

Biology and Ecology
 
 
Academic Press
  • 3. Auflage
  • |
  • erschienen am 31. Mai 2013
  • |
  • 550 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-12-397213-2 (ISBN)
 

This fully revised and expanded edition of Sea Urchins provides a wide-ranging understanding of the biology and ecology of this key component of the world's oceans. Coverage includes reproduction, metabolism, endocrinology, larval ecology, growth, digestion, carotenoids, disease and nutrition. Other chapters consider the ecology of individual species that are of major importance ecologically and economically, including species from Japan, New Zealand, Australia, Europe, North America, South America and Africa. In addition, six new contributions in areas such as immunology, digestive systems and community ecology inform readers on key recent developments and insights from the literature.

Sea urchins are ecologically important and often greatly affect marine communities. Because they have an excellent fossil record, they are also of interest to paleontologists. Research on sea urchins has increased in recent years, stimulated first by recognition of their ecological importance and subsequently their economic importance. Scientists around the world are actively investigating their potential for aquaculture and fisheries, and their value as model systems for investigations in developmental biology continues to increase.

 

  • Continues the series 'Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science' with a newly revised volume

 

  • Collects and synthesizes the state of knowledge of sea urchin biology and ecology
  • Expanded from previous edition to include non-edible species, providing the needed basis for broader evolutionary understanding of sea urchins
0167-9309
  • Englisch
  • San Diego
  • |
  • Niederlande
Elsevier Science
  • 6,34 MB
978-0-12-397213-2 (9780123972132)
0123972132 (0123972132)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
  • Front Cover
  • Sea Urchins:Biology and Ecology
  • Copyright
  • Contents
  • Preface to the first edition
  • Preface to the second edition
  • Preface to the third edition
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter 1 - Phylogeny of Sea Urchins
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. HISTORY OF RESEARCH
  • 3. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS
  • 4. THE FOSSIL RECORD OF ECHINOIDS
  • 5. RELATIONSHIPS AMONGST THE ECHINACEA
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 2 - Sea Urchin Life History Strategies
  • 1. CONCEPTS
  • 2. HABITATS AND LIFE HISTORY STRATEGIES OF SEA URCHINS
  • 3. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 3 - Sea Urchin Gametogenesis - Structural, Functional and Molecular/Genomic Biology
  • 1. SEA URCHIN GAMETOGENESIS - STRUCTURAL MICROENVIRONMENT
  • 2. SEA URCHIN GAMETOGENESIS - ANNUAL STRUCTURAL VARIATION
  • 3. SEA URCHIN GAMETOGENESIS - ANNUAL MOLECULAR VARIATION
  • 4. SEA URCHIN GAMETOGENESIS - ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 4 - Biochemical and Energy Requirements of Gonad Development
  • 1. CELLULAR ENERGY UTILIZATION
  • 2. ENERGY METABOLISM DURING DEVELOPMENT
  • 3. BIOCHEMICAL COMPONENTS OF CELLULAR METABOLISM
  • 4. GONAD GROWTH
  • 5. GONAD ENERGY METABOLISM
  • 6. FEEDING AND METABOLISM
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 5 - Endocrine Regulation of Echinoid Reproduction
  • 1. SEA URCHIN GONADS
  • 2. EXOGENOUS REGULATION OF REPRODUCTION
  • 3. ENDOGENOUS REGULATION OF REPRODUCTION
  • 4. MECHANISMS OF REGULATION
  • 5. GENE REGULATION IN REPRODUCTION
  • 6. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 6 - Larval Ecology of Echinoids
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. PATTERNS IN ABUNDANCE
  • 3. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
  • 4. MORTALITY AND PREDATION
  • 5. FEEDING
  • 6. SWIMMING BEHAVIOR AND VERTICAL DISTRIBUTIONS
  • 7. DISPERSAL
  • 8. SETTLEMENT
  • 9. CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 7 - Growth and Survival of Postsettlement Sea Urchins
  • 1. GROWTH
  • 2. SURVIVAL
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 8 - Digestive System
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE DEFINITIVE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AS A WHOLE
  • 3. MAJOR REGIONS OF THE SEA URCHIN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
  • 4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 9 - Feeding, Digestion and Digestibility of Sea Urchins
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. INGESTION
  • 3. DIGESTION
  • 4. DIGESTIBILITY
  • 5. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 10 - Nutrition
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. BASIC CONSIDERATIONS IN SEA URCHIN NUTRITION RESEARCH
  • 3. FEED DEVELOPMENT - DIETARY NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS
  • 4. BASIC NUTRIENT PROFILES
  • 5. BASIC APPLICATIONS OF FEED DEVELOPMENT
  • 6. SUMMARY
  • Acknowledgments
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 11 - Carotenoids in Sea Urchins
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. DISTRIBUTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN SEA URCHINS
  • 3. METABOLISM OF CAROTENOIDS IN SEA URCHINS
  • 4. THE EFFECT OF DIETARY CAROTENOIDS ON GONAD COLOR IN SEA URCHINS
  • 5. THE ROLE OF CAROTENOIDS IN SEA URCHINS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 12 - Disease in Sea Urchins
  • 1. DISEASE IN SEA URCHINS IN THE FIELD
  • 2. BACTERIAL DISEASE OF CULTURED SEA URCHINS IN JAPAN
  • 4. CONTROL OF BACTERIA
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 13 - Immunology in Sea Urchins
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. THE SEA URCHIN GENOME AND ADVANCES IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM STUDIES
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 14 - Sea Urchins as Drivers of Shallow Benthic Marine Community Structure
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. FUNCTIONAL EVOLUTION OF SEA URCHINS AND THEIR RISE IN ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE
  • 3. AGENTS OF BIOLOGICAL DISTURBANCE, STRONG INTERACTORS AND DRIVERS OF COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
  • 4. DRIVERS OF ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: SEAGRASS, CORAL REEF AND KELP FOREST BIOME CASE STUDIES
  • 5. CONVERGENT PATTERNS AND PROCESS: CONCLUSIONS, SYNTHESIS AND SPECULATION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 15 - Stock Enhancement
  • 1. MEANS FOR STOCK ENHANCEMENT
  • 2. HABITAT ENHANCEMENT
  • 3. TRANSPLANTATION OF WILD POPULATIONS
  • 4. SEED PRODUCTION
  • 5. RESEEDING
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 16 - Cidaroids
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. FUNCTIONAL MORPHOLOGY
  • 3. GROWTH
  • 4. REPRODUCTION
  • 5. DEVELOPMENTAL MODES
  • 6. SYMBIONTS
  • 7. ECOLOGY
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 17 - Centrostephanus rodgersii
  • 1. BIOGEOGRAPHY
  • 2. ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS
  • 3. POPULATION REGULATION
  • 4. REPRODUCTION
  • 5. DEVELOPMENT AND LARVAL ECOLOGY
  • 6. GROWTH AND AGE
  • 7. FISHERY AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
  • 8. CONCLUSION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 18 - Diadema
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 3. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY AND COEXISTENCE
  • 4. HERBIVORY AND GRAZING EFFECTS
  • 5. CONCLUSIONS
  • References
  • CHAPTER 19 - ARBACIA
  • 2. POPULATION BIOLOGY
  • 3. ECOLOGY
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 20 - Loxechinus albus
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. MORPHOLOGY
  • 3. DISTRIBUTION
  • 4. HABITAT AND SUBSTRATE PREFERENCES
  • 5. FOOD
  • 6. REPRODUCTION ECOLOGY
  • 7. POPULATION AND COMMUNITY ECOLOGY
  • 8. EL NIÑO EFFECTS
  • 9. FISHERY
  • 10. FISHERY ENHANCEMENT
  • 11. AQUACULTURE AND RESTORATION
  • 12. CONSERVATION
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 21 - Paracentrotus lividus
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
  • 3. FOOD AND FEEDING
  • 4. MOVEMENT AND MIGRATIONS
  • 5. MORTALITY
  • 6. GROWTH
  • 7. REPRODUCTION
  • 8. CONCLUSIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 22 - Psammechinus miliaris
  • 1. APPEARANCE
  • 2. DISTRIBUTION
  • 3. HABITAT
  • 4. DENSITY
  • 5. POPULATION STRUCTURE
  • 6. FOOD AND TROPHIC ECOLOGY
  • 7. GROWTH RATES, AGING AND ENERGY PARTITIONING
  • 8. REPRODUCTION
  • 9. DIETARY CAROTENOIDS AND GONAD COLOR
  • 10. LARVAL BIOLOGY
  • 11. RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND POLLUTANTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 23 - Echinometra
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. POPULATION BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
  • 3. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY AND COEXISTENCE
  • 4. HERBIVORY AND GRAZING EFFECTS
  • 5. CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 24 - Evechinus chloroticus
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
  • 3. HABITAT
  • 4. ASSOCIATED SPECIES
  • 5. FEEDING
  • 6. MOVEMENT
  • 7. REPRODUCTION
  • 8. LARVAL DEVELOPMENT
  • 9. RECRUITMENT
  • 10. POPULATION BIOLOGY
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 25 - Heliocidaris erythrogramma
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. POPULATION GENETICS AND COLOR VARIABILITY
  • 3. REPRODUCTION, DEVELOPMENT, SETTLEMENT AND RECRUITMENT
  • 4. GROWTH AND AGE
  • 5. MOVEMENT AND FEEDING
  • 6. INFLUENCE ON BENTHIC PLANTS, OCCURRENCE OF SEA URCHIN BARRENS AND FEEDING FRONTS
  • 7. RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 8. PREDATORS, PARASITES, COMMENSALS AND OTHER SOURCES OF MORTALITY
  • 9. CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 26 - Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis
  • 1. DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE
  • 2. FOOD AND FEEDING
  • 3. GROWTH
  • 4. REPRODUCTION
  • 5. LARVAL ECOLOGY, SETTLEMENT AND RECRUITMENT
  • 6. PREDATION
  • 7. DISEASE AND PARASITISM
  • 8. MORTALITY DUE TO ABIOTIC FACTORS
  • 9. ECOLOGICAL ROLE
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 27 - Strongylocentrotus franciscanus and Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. SEA URCHIN GRAZING AND KELP FOREST ECOLOGY
  • 3. GROWTH, SURVIVAL AND AGING
  • 4. REPRODUCTION AND FERTILIZATION
  • 5. LARVAE
  • 6. RECRUITMENT
  • 7. BIOTIC POPULATION REGULATION
  • 8. ABIOTIC POPULATION REGULATION
  • 9. GENETICS
  • 10. FISHERIES
  • 11. CONSERVATION
  • 12. ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT
  • 13. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 28 - Strongylocentrotus intermedius
  • 1. GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
  • 2. BIOLOGY
  • 3. ECOLOGY
  • References
  • Chapter 29 - Strongylocentrotus nudus
  • 1. GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
  • 2. BIOLOGY
  • 3. ECOLOGY
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 30 - Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Pseudocentrotus depressus, and Heliocidaris crassispina
  • 1. GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION
  • 2. BIOLOGY
  • REFERENCES
  • CHAPTER 31 - LYTECHINUS
  • 2. HABITATS
  • 3. ABUNDANCE
  • 4. FACTORS INFLUENCING DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE
  • 5. FOOD AND FEEDING
  • 6. GROWTH AND SURVIVAL
  • 7. REPRODUCTION
  • 8. LARVAL ECOLOGY AND RECRUITMENT
  • 9. POPULATION ECOLOGY
  • 10. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY
  • 11. ECTOSYMBIONTS
  • 12. CONCLUSION
  • Acknowledgments
  • REFERENCES
  • Chapter 32 - Tripneustes
  • 1. THE GENUS TRIPNEUSTES
  • 2. DISTRIBUTION
  • 3. BIOLOGY
  • 4. ECOLOGY
  • 5. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY
  • REFERENCES
  • Index
  • Color plates

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