Principles of Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

 
 
Dover Publications (Verlag)
  • erschienen am 18. Januar 2013
  • |
  • 176 Seiten
 
E-Book | ePUB mit Adobe DRM | Systemvoraussetzungen
978-0-486-15224-0 (ISBN)
 
A thorough exploration of the universal principles of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, this volume explains the applications of these essential rules to a multitude of situations arising in physics and engineering. It develops their use in a variety of circumstances-including those involving gases, crystals, and magnets-in order to illustrate general methods of analysis and to provide readers with all the necessary background to continue in greater depth with specific topics.Author D. F. Lawden has considerable experience in teaching this subject to university students of varied abilities and backgrounds. Well acquainted with which concepts and arguments sometimes prove problematic, he presents the potentially difficult sections with particular care. Students can supplement their understanding by working through the numerous exercises which appear throughout the text. Mathematical physicists will find this volume of particular value, as will engineers requiring a basic but comprehensive introduction to the principles of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.
  • Englisch
  • New York
  • |
  • USA
  • Höhe: 216 mm
  • |
  • Breite: 137 mm
  • 5,86 MB
978-0-486-15224-0 (9780486152240)
0486152243 (0486152243)
weitere Ausgaben werden ermittelt
D. F. Lawden
  • DOVER BOOKS ON PHYSICS
  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • Preface
  • List of constants
  • CHAPTER 1 - Classical thermodynamics
  • 1.1 Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics
  • 1.2 Thermodynamical equilibrium
  • 1.3 Zeroth law of thermodynamics
  • 1.4 First law of thermodynamics. Internal energy
  • 1.5 Ideal gases
  • 1.6 Second law of thermodynamics. Absolute temperature
  • 1.7 Entropy. Clausius's inequality
  • 1.8 Illustrative problems
  • 1.9 Law of increasing entropy
  • CHAPTER 2 - Applications of classical theory
  • 2.1 Two-parameter systems
  • 2.2 Enthalpy, free energy and Gibbs function
  • 2.3 Experimental characteristics for a fluid
  • 2.4 Characteristics of a fluid
  • 2.5 Adiabatic demagnetization
  • 2.6 Thermal radiation
  • 2.7 Phase equilibrium
  • 2.8 Vapour-pressure curve. Clapeyron's equation
  • 2.9 Gibbs' phase rule
  • CHAPTER 3 - Classical statistics. Maxwell's distribution
  • 3.1 Hypothesis of random states
  • 3.2 The Gibbs ensemble
  • 3.3 Liouville's theorem
  • 3.4 Thermodynamical equilibrium
  • 3.5 Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law
  • 3.6 Thermodynamics of a Maxwell gas
  • 3.7 Gas of point molecules
  • 3.8 Boltzmann's principle. Disorder of systems
  • CHAPTER 4 - Method of mean values
  • 4.1 Statistical analysis of Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
  • 4.2 Mixture of gases
  • 4.3 System in a heat bath. Canonical ensemble
  • 4.4 Partition functions for mixtures
  • 4.5 Gas of diatomic molecules
  • 4.6 Paramagnetic materials. Langevin's function
  • 4.7 Additional constraints
  • 4.8 Equipartition of energy. Law of Dulong and Petit
  • 4.9 Entropy and information
  • CHAPTER 5 - Quantum statistics
  • 5.1 Quantization of phase space
  • 5.2 Density matrix
  • 5.3 Liouville's theorem
  • 5.4 Quantum interpretation of classical theory of molecular aggregates
  • 5.5 Absolute zero. Third law of thermodynamics
  • 5.6 Grand canonical ensemble
  • 5.7 Thermodynamics of an open system
  • 5.8 Classical gas of indistinguishable molecules
  • CHAPTER 6 - Crystals and magnets
  • 6.1 Einstein's model for a crystal
  • 6.2 Debye's model for a crystal. Phonons
  • 6.3 Quantum theory of paramagnetic materials
  • CHAPTER 7 - Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics
  • 7.1 Gas of indistinguishable non-interacting molecules
  • 7.2 Gas of point bosons
  • 7.3 Gas of bosons with rotational energy
  • 7.4 Fermion gas
  • 7.5 Conduction electrons in metals
  • 7.6 Photon gas
  • Appendices
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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